KV #19905-9705 PR dated 02.04.2013.







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Thematic sections of the journal

Proceedings of scientific conferences

Environmental Economics


Pishenina T. I.
Features of Radiation Hazard and its Impact on Complex Social and Economic Development (p. 55 - 57)

The article examines the nature of radiation hazardous activities, benefits and effects of society on the use of radiation dangerous objects and existing sources of radiation, radiation effects of hazardous activities and losses from the use of radia-tion dangerous objects.

Article is written in Ukrainan


Gretskaya G. N., Kolesnik T., Gretska V.
Prediction and Monitoring of Air Pollution in Large Cities (p. 66 - 72)

The influence of some of the most important parameters of production on emissions of harmful substances. A method for predicting emissions of harmful substances into the atmosphere. This forecasting technique can be used for any enterprise with a complex multistep scheme of final products.

Article is written in Russian

BUSINESS INFORM №5-2011, Vol.1

Lihomanov O. V.
On the Issue of Forest Fire Damage Evaluation in Russian Federation (p. 123 - 124)

The study analyses the information on the area of forest fires of Russian Federation and on the damage done in some regions supplied by official and independent sources. It suggests the list of market and non-market utilities of the forest which should be taken into account when calculating the damage done by forest fires.

Article is written in Russian

BUSINESS INFORM №7-2011, Vol.1

Kucher Y. Y., Pogrebnyak E. Y.
Economic Efficiency of Introduction of Ecomanagement: Ecological and Economic Conception (p. 78 - 80)

In the article the economic efficiency of introduction ecomanagement is reasonable. The role of ecological efficiency in system of global efficiency of management is considered.

Article is written in Ukrainan


Bashta A. I.
Economic aspects of the use of renewable energy sources in recreational enterprises (p. 78 - 82)

The basic economic aspects of renewable energy in the recreational facilities are discribed, the economic effect of energy saving systems for recreation through the use of renewable energy are calculated

Article is written in Russian

Pankratova Y. N., Tischenko A. I.
Analysis of the relationship in economic performance (p. 82 - 85)

The paper analyzes the contemporary ecological situation in Ukraine. The dependence of the indices characterizing the state of the environment based on indicators of economic development. It is proved that the level of development between the economy and its environmental situation there is a direct connection.

Article is written in Russian


Blahun I. S., Kilchytskii Y. M.
Assessment of Institutional Environment of Forest Complex (p. 56 - 58)

In the article methodical approach is offered to the evaluation of institutional environment and operating conditions of enterprises of forest complex and possible institutional configurations are explored, are able to provide steady development of the forest sector.

Article is written in Ukrainan


Tovma L. F., Snizhko A. I.
Ecological and hygienic problems of food in modern conditions (p. 115 - 118)

Health of nation is a key indicator of civilization and socio-economic condition of the state. Based on the analysis of research results of contamination of food raw materials and food products in the eco-crisis industrial region we summarized the current state of this problem and proposed measures to reduce xenobiotical nutritional stress on the body of the population, implementation of which is imperative to maintain the capacity of public health.

Article is written in Ukrainan


Tovma L. F.
Ecological and Economic Component in the Concept of Sustainable Development of Ukraine (p. 141 - 144)

In this article we study the interaction between environmental and economic components of sustainable development. The current state of environmental problems for the agricultural and industrial sectors of economics is analyzed. It is concluded that the harmonization of environmental and economic components of sustainable development can only be achieved by using innovative technologies such as nanotechnology.

Article is written in Ukrainan


Lihomanov O. V.
Method of Calculation of Pecuniary Valuation of Forest in Global Carbon Cycle by the Cost of Greenhouse Emission Quotas (p. 127 - 129)

The article makes an attempt to calculate in pecuniary valuation the cost of the role of forest in global carbon cycle. The costs of greenhouse emission quotas are taken as a basis of calculation. It gives an example of calculation of the cost of woodland in Volgograd region.

Article is written in Russian

Petrushenko M. M.
Economic «Games Against Nature»: the Model of Decision Making in Field of Environmental Conflicts (p. 130 - 132)

In the article the economic-mathematical model of «games against nature» proposed to support decision making in field of environmental conflicts. The model approbated at the level of territorial natural-resource potential.

Article is written in Ukrainan

Tadeyev Y. P.
The leontief's model extension in the conditions of ecological balance (p. 132 - 136)

The extension of Leontief input-output model with additional product (greenhouse gasses) and industry of economics (waste disposal) is proposed in the article. The effective algorithm for necessary matrices inversion is constructed.

Article is written in Ukrainan


Baluyeva O. V.
Approaches to Integrated Assessment of Eсologization of Areas of the City (p. 158 - 161)

The problems of providing of sustainable development of cities, questions of eсologization of city environment, are examined in the article, the elements of estimation of ecologization of city are selected.

Article is written in Ukrainan

Lukash S. V., Lukash V. О., Borovyk O. N.
mpact of the Energy on Ecological and Economic Situation in Ukraine (p. 162 - 165)

In the article the causes of environmental problems in Ukraine, proposed a series of actions that can introduce positive changes in the energy complex of Ukraine, outlined the aspects that contribute to environmentally sound management and sustainable use of natural resources, limit the harmful effects of emissions and waste power plants on the environment and human health.

Article is written in Ukrainan


Koshevets V. V., Shvindina H. O.
Production of environmentally friendly products as one of the factors of the business reputation (p. 83 - 85)

The article consists results of research in a field of production and consumption of environmentally friendly products. Authors give a definition of environmentally friendly products and approaches to creating environmentally friendly products. The problems that prevent the production of environmentally friendly products are identified, the relationship between environmentally friendly products production and company business reputation is revealed.

Article is written in Ukrainan

Yudin M. A.
Using the Potential of Alternative and Renewable Energy Sources in Energy Efficiency through the Introduction of Modern Organizational and Economic Forms (p. 86 - 90)

The article explored the possibility of using alternative and renewable energy sources in the country's energy balance. Tools of motivation and union of energy saving process participants, including clusters, G2B-platform performance-contracting are developed.

Article is written in Ukrainan

Panchenko O. V.
Factors of ecological and economic optimization of the use of municipal solid waste in power system (p. 90 - 92)

The paper analyzes the factors of ecological and economic optimization of the use of municipal solid waste (MSW) in the thermal power plants under environmental constraints.

Article is written in Ukrainan

Shyshkina I. O.
Formation of the effective infrastructure of international renewable energy market (p. 92 - 97)

In the article the main trends in the market of renewable energy. Characteristic features of the market of renewable energy. The basic structure of the interstate in the area of alternative energy.

Article is written in Ukrainan


Tsaruk A. Y.
Government financing of environmental actions: in context ecological activities of mining plants (p. 138 - 142)

Main nature pollution factors of mining plants were considered. Analyses of state budget revenues by natural recourses extraction and budget expanses on environment were carried out.The features of environmental management of mining and processing enterprises of Ukraine were studied.

Article is written in Ukrainan


Babaev V. Y., Babaeva I. A.
Agroecological Production as an Innovative Line of Agricultural Enterprises (p. 116 - 119)

The article presents methods of agroecological production in Europe and the U.S., the basic principles and methods of organic farming in Ukraine, grounded introduction of innovative technologies in organic production activities of agricultural enterprises.

Article is written in Ukrainan

Moskalenko N. O., Gaymur Y. S.
Economic and Ecological Aspects of the Industry (p. 120 - 124)

This topic is relevant to the global community, as evidenced by the respective conferences, forums internationally. In this article, the authors summarize the task of economic and environmental aspects, which require registration in the industrial and economic activities of industrial enterprises. Debating this topic are issues related to the dual nature of the problems and to ensure the effectiveness of the company's development - is linking economic goals and interests of the enterprises with the environmental needs of society.

Article is written in Russian


Shulga E. V., Yefremova L. V.
Economic Ways of Waste Management in Ukraine (p. 138 - 141)

This article describes the current situation in Ukraine on the garbage disposal, examines the experience of foreign countries to promote waste separation and methods of using the sorted waste. There have been surveys of the population and developed a system of waste disposal in Ukraine on mutually beneficial terms with the state, private enterprises and households.

Article is written in Ukrainan


Seleznova O. V.
Peformance Features of Environmental State Targeted Programs in Ukraine (p. 122 - 125)

In the article essence and value of the ecological government target program is considered as a main instrument of ecological policy, successful application of which allows most effectively to decide the difficult complex of problems related to the difficult state of environment of Ukraine. Basic negative lines of realization of the domestic ecological having a special target programs today and possible ways of increase of efficiency of functioning of the modern domestic system of the government having a special target programs were defined.

Article is written in Ukrainan

Dovga T. N.
Theoretical and Methodological Aspects of the Economic and Environmental Efficiency Valuation of Solid Household Waste Recycling (p. 125 - 131)

The basic organizational and methodological problems of the economic and environmental efficiency valuation of solid household waste recycling that can arise in waste processing plants and complexes of Ukraine are investigated in the article. The urgency of implementing solid household waste recycling process was justified. The new approach to the classification of the economic and environmental efficiency valuation indicators of solid household waste recycling in Ukraine was proposed by the author.

Article is written in Ukrainan


Frolov S. M., Belopolskaya A. A.
State-Private Partnership as a Tool of Investing Into Innovation Technologies of Wastes Treatment (p. 181 - 185)

The article studies possibilities of use of state-private partnership as a mechanism of investing into wastes treatment sphere in Ukraine. It provides mechanisms and forms of state-private partnership. It analyses specific features of international experience of realisation of projects on the basis of state-private partnership. It considers experience of co-operation of companies and communities in Ukraine for solving problems in the sphere of household wastes treatment. A conclusion is made that the state-private partnership is a potential mechanism of attraction of investments by local bodies of state authority and bodies of local self-government for realisation of projects directed at ensuring ecological component of stable social development.

Article is written in Ukrainan

Prushkovskaya E. V., Shevchenko Y. A.
Development of «Green Economy»: National Aspect (p. 186 - 191)

The article analises concepts of “green economy”, “stable development” and “planting of greenery”. It formulates author’s own definition of “green economy”, which is characterised by means of economic relations between subjects of economic activity. It studies the share of the “green economy” in the structure of the world GDP. It uses empiric analysis for specifying the role of “green economy” in the primary, secondary and tertiary sectors of the national economy. It proves that the primary and secondary sectors require most radical changes in the direction of planting of greenery at production sites, since namely here products for satisfaction of needs are created. It allocates the tertiary sector as a connecting link between the primary and secondary sectors, which ensures realisation of the “green economy” concept. It shows the necessity of development of the national economy in the direction of “planting of greenery”, which would result in minimisation of structural disproportions and stable development.

Article is written in Ukrainan


Vlashchenko N. M., Kosyak A. P.
Monitoring of Economic Security of Recreation Companies (p. 181 - 186)

The goal of the article is to study indicators of economic security of recreation companies and identification of priority directions of its achievement. The article analyses threats and risks in conducting activity of recreation companies, identifies dynamics of resulting factors, which reflect the state of its economic security. It studies indicators of economic security of recreation companies, namely: indicators of production of services, financial, social. It determines influence of the factors upon economic security of recreation companies of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea, grouped by administrative regions, with the help of the regression analysis. It generalises main problems of ensuring economic security of recreation companies of the Crimean region. It offers ways of achievement of economic security of recreation companies by means of a stable build-up of the commercial sector, solution of the problem of the year-round functioning of recreation companies and other measures. Prospects of further study in this direction is development of a mechanism of reformation and innovation development, directed at improvement of the service, creation of highly efficient information systems and complex work in the sphere of the pricing policy.

Article is written in Ukrainan

Saprykina L. N.
Formation of the Paradigm of Ecologically Responsible Consumption (p. 186 - 191)

The article considers a necessity of restructuring of subjects of trading activity, identifies a paradigm of ecologically responsible consumption on the basis of strengthening of the state imperative of ecologically responsible development of trade, analyses economic mechanisms of restructuring of trade companies and studies the structure of ecological capital of subjects of trading activity.

Article is written in Ukrainan


Ibatullin S. I., Sakal O. V., Bokoch V. V.
Prospective Directions of Improvement of Management of Forest Resources within the Spatial Socio-Economic Development of Ukraine (p. 174 - 179)

The article provides results of the study of theoretical and methodological foundations of management of social relations with respect to forest resources with the aim to reveal prospects of development and potential threats in the economic, ecological and social spheres, and also formation of a strategic model of management of forest resources with the use of the SWOT-analysis. In order to realise a systematic approach to formation of a model of management of forest resources and optimisation of the process of the managerial decision making on the issues of increase of effective use and reproduction of natural resources, the article offers a structural and logical scheme of improvement of management of forest resources. It grounds that formation of a complex strategy of management of forest resources should be in correspondence with the principles and criteria that create prerequisites of a balanced use of the forest resource potential, reproduction and protection of forest resources for achievement of the parity of ecological, economic and social aspects of sustainable development. It is planned to conduct a permanent monitoring of execution of strategies of social development of the natural resource potential and their adjustment for a more efficient management of forest resources at all organisational levels of management.

Article is written in Ukrainan

Varlamova I. S.
World Experience of Introduction of Ecological Audit and its State in Ukraine (p. 180 - 184)

The article studies one of the most important problems of modern economic development – keeping a proper level of ecological safety at all levels of economic functioning. Taking into account inefficiency of existing instruments of ecological and economic regulation, the article speaks about appearance of a necessity of search for creative solutions, which allow forecasting and avoiding negative influence of activity of enterprises upon environment and not resist ecological catastrophes after they appear. Aspiration of Ukraine for international integration into the world economic environment and achievement of sustainable development of industrial regions, taking into account a necessity of simultaneous consideration of economic and ecological interests of Ukraine, requires the use of modern economic instruments. One of such instruments is the ecological audit, which is studied in this article.

Article is written in Ukrainan


Konyahina T. V.
Regulatory Provision of Realisation of the Economic Mechanism of Nature Management (p. 179 - 184)

The article shows the structure of the modern legal mechanism of environmental protection, systemises sources of the domestic ecological law, provides their brief characteristics, studies priority goals and tasks of public organisations in the sphere of nature management, identifies connection between the national and international legal mechanisms of nature management. The result of the study is improvement of scientific and methodical approach to ensuring of a common principle of developing norms in the sphere of environmental protection on the basis of systematisation of original principles of functioning of the international ecological and legal mechanism (prevention principle, causality principle, “polluter pays” principle, permeability principle, principle of economic effectiveness in the process of development and realisation of ecological policy of the state, social fairness principle and subsidiarity principle) for optimisation of the national legal mechanism of ecological and economic relations.

Article is written in Ukrainan

Klymchuk S. A.
Environics – a Dominant Vector of Development Strategy of Alternative Energy Enterprises (p. 185 - 190)

The goal of the article is the study of the modern scientific and methodical tools and development of practical recommendations for flexible adaptation of alternative energy enterprises under conditions of entropy of environment in the process of achievement of goals of their further development on the basis of use of modern achievements of environics. Analysing and systemising scientific works of scientists, the article proves that resource potential of alternative energy in Ukraine opens a prospective and economically profitable way for development of strategically important enterprises of bio-energy in the context of ensuring energy independence and energy efficiency. In the result of the study the article solves the problem of understanding semantics and action of laws of environics when studying strategy of development of alternative energy enterprises. The author offers to identify the following components of interdependence of the strategy of development of alternative energy enterprises and environics: ecological, integration and institutional, new energy paradigm, economic, optimisation of production and economic systems, social, cognitive, educational, investment and innovation, information and signal, and public image. The article justifies that alternative energy and environics are interconnected and supplement each other. The prospect of further studies in this direction is development of a mechanism of strategy of development of alternative energy enterprises, in the basis of which the laws of environics and components of interdependence would lie.

Article is written in Ukrainan


Samojlik M. S.
Complex Assessment of Efficiency of Regional Systems of Solid Waste Utilisation (p. 220 - 226)

The problem of utilisation of solid waste is one of the most important ecological-economic and social problems of regional development. At the same time it should be taken into account that justification of investments into this sphere should be based on economic assessment of various technological solutions with consideration of ecological, social and technological factors. That is why the article develops and scientifically justifies methodical approaches to complex assessment of efficiency of management of the sphere of utilisation of solid waste of a region on the basis of balanced economic, ecological and technological criteria of this sphere. The article provides a complex assessment of scenarios of development of the sphere of solid waste utilisation using example of the city of Poltava and identifies directions of its modernisation with consideration of regional infrastructure of this sphere. The article shows that, as of now, the most prospective is partial separate collection of waste, construction of waste processing plant (of 250 thousand tonnes annual capacity) and solid waste ground, at the same time, a balance of ecological (minimisation of the ecological risk and losses for polluting) and economic (maximum profit with minimum expenditures) criteria is ensured.

Article is written in Ukrainan


Yachmenova V. M., Syvolap O. V.
Restrictions in the Sphere of Solid Household Waste Management (p. 188 - 193)

The article is devoted to management of quality of environment in the context of solution of problems in the process of management of solid household waste (SHW), which are the result of human activity and accumulation of which takes the catastrophic scale today. The article shows main restrictions that determine the process of SHW management, which could be used for its improvement. Based on the conducted studies the article holds that the main restrictions that determine the process of SHW management are territorial, ecological, technological, social, economic, political, time and legal. In spite of certain positive moves both in the legislation sphere and in the sphere of management, the existing system of SHW management is not perfect and does not meet requirements of protection of environment and population from hazardous impact. Insufficient financing, instability of the market of secondary resources and political situation in Ukraine, difficulty in attraction of private investments, lack of initiative of some bodies of local self-government and population hamper introduction of a modern system of SHW management. The detected restrictions could be used when improving the SHW management system. Further studies would be directed at a more detailed elaboration of certain restrictions.

Article is written in Russian

Samojlik M. S.
Complex of Marketing Measures When Organising Industry and Developing Regional Market of Secondary Raw Materials (p. 194 - 200)

The problem of secondary raw material management is one of the most important ecology-economic and social problems of regional development. At the same time, the issue of involvement of secondary resources into economic circulation within the socio-economic policy of a region with the help of formation of a marketing mechanism and its institutes, in particular by means of marketing measures, is insufficiently studied and requires further development. That is why the article develops and scientifically justifies a set of marketing measures when organising industry and developing the regional market of secondary raw materials, which takes into account ecological and educational components, on the basis of balancing interests and actions of all participants of this process and also outlines priority tasks of realisation of the concept of marketing in the market of secondary raw materials. The article identifies prospects of application of various forms and methods of marketing work for improvement of the process of secondary resource management, namely for: increase of the volume of collection of secondary raw materials, development of infrastructure for collection of secondary raw materials, establishment of interrelations between producers of products from secondary raw materials and their consumers; increase of volume of consumption of goods made of secondary raw materials; stimulation of attraction of investments into the sphere of waste management; reduction of losses of raw material, material and fuel-and-energy resources, which are taken now from economic circulation with waste; and creation of new working places, first of all, at small and medium enterprises. Scientific novelty lies in development of the complex of measures of realisation of marketing when managing the secondary raw material market, which, unlike the existing ones, takes into account ecological and educational components when interests of its participants are balanced. The obtained results of the study are directed at creation of grounds for development of a target-oriented programme of organisation of industry and development of the secondary raw material market in the context of synergetic development of a region.

Article is written in Ukrainan


Shkarlet S. M., Pyrig K. M.
Increase of Production Efficiency at the Forest Enterprises in the Context of Sustainable Development (p. 180 - 184)

The purpose of the article is to study the nature and characteristics of production at the forest enterprises, taking into account current trends in forestry and increase of its efficiency. The article analyzes the state of forestry in Ukraine in 2003 – 2012 years. As a result of research the specific features of forestry production, new directions to improve production efficiency in forestry enterprises, the urgency of the analysis of the production processes in forestry were identified. The prospect of further research in this direction is to build a model of intensification of production in forestry enterprises in the context of sustainable development and at the legislative level there is a need to clearly define such categories as forestry and forestry production.

Article is written in Ukrainan

Samojlik M. S.
Assessment of Risks and Threats to the Resources and Ukraine Environmental Security in the Region (p. 185 - 192)

The problem of providing resource and environmental safety, efficiency natural and economic potential of the area is one of the priorities for each region of Ukraine. Therefore, this article developed and scientifically sound methodological principles of assessing risks and threats of resource and environmental safety in the context of sustainable development of the regions of Ukraine as the basis for the formation of a regional strategy for resource and environmental safety. Found that in virtually all regions of Ukraine (except Khmelnytskyi and Chernihiv regions) were exceeded the threshold of environmental health risk (0.05) and a trend towards its growth, which is associated with long practice environmentally unjustified distribution of productive forces and the effects of existing uncovered damage pollution of previous periods and with the level of socio-economic disadvantage in the regions. It is proved that in order to reduce threats and risks of resource and ecological character of regional socio-economic development is first necessary to implement a comprehensive system for the collection and utilization of secondary resources, to develop mechanisms to promote economic development of the sector, as well as to maximize the use of the internal energy potential of the regions, while minimizing damage to the environment, in particular bioenergy. Theoretical and methodological basis of the study were the results of fundamental and applied research in the field of economic theory and regionalism, environmental economics, research and development of domestic and foreign scholars on governance and resource potential of the region. The results obtained allowed the research to identify ways of improving the system of environmentally sound development of the regions of Ukraine, aimed at improving the efficiency of use of natural and economic potential of the territory and resources.

Article is written in Ukrainan

Ponikarov V. D., Yermolenko O. O.
Improving the System of Integrated Environmental Monitoring of Ukraine Regions (p. 193 - 197)

This article discusses the current state of environmental monitoring, analyzes current environmental problems, the question is raised about the appropriateness of "green" energy in the form that it has now. The article also raised the issue of strengthening the actual state supervision over compliance with the requirements of nuclear and radiation safety. The urgency of the development of the environmental inventories of Ukraine as a single geographic information system data on the state of the environmental situation of certain territories located within the state border of Ukraine. The necessity of a law approving certain periodicity of comprehensive environmental audit areas to update information on the status of the environment. This will follow the dynamics and determine the direction of changes in quality indicators of certain areas of the environment and is an essential basis for making decisions on the optimal management strategy for socio-economic development of individual regions and the formation of their labor potential.

Article is written in Ukrainan


Zhupanenko A. V.
The Economic Essence of Recreational Resource Consumption of Natural Reserve Fund (p. 154 - 158)

The aim of the article is to study the process of recreational resource consumption of natural reserve fund (NRF), the impact of environmental businesses in the development of recreation and tourism industry in Ukraine, as well as the determination of their recreational appeal and role in the modern economy. The article discusses the contradiction of industrial and recreational use of natural resources, the structure of the number of areas and territories of NRF objects of Ukraine in 2013 were analyzed, as well as the actual recreation burden on enterprises of Ukraine NRF in 2013 revealed major problems in the field of recreation and tourist use of protected areas and their subordination. The maximum recreational pressure on the recreational trail excursion of Odessa Zoological Park was calculated. The necessity of creating a tourist and recreational infrastructure was reasoned, which corresponds to the rate of consumption of the recreational resources of the enterprises of the NRF.

Article is written in Ukrainan


Agres O. G.
Ecological and Economic System: the Nature and the Need of Development to Reduce Costs of the Enterprise (p. 168 - 172)

The aim of the article is the disclosure of environmental and economic systems and the definition of the need to implement it in order to reduce costs at the enterprise. The article presents the main components of a green economy, reveals the essence of the concept of "ecological and economic system", which is widely used in today's economic and environmental literature. The study identified the main environmental problems of agricultural enterprises. The directions for ecologization of the agricultural enterprises fixed assets use were highlighted. The prospect of possible renewal of fixed assets for the purpose of energy conservation through the use of recycled animal waste was considered and justified, as in the long term, you can reduce the cost of enterprise electricity used. Also the relationship between the technical and environmental development of rural enterprises were identified and shown. Further development of eco-economic system in the company will not only reduce the costs of the enterprise, but also to a number of environmental problems.

Article is written in Ukrainan


Kobushko I. M., Kobushko I. V.
Assessment of the Environmentally Caused Investment Damage (p. 242 - 248)

The purpose of the article is to develop scientific and methodological approaches to the assessment of the environmentally caused investment damage in phases of reproduction of the investment potential of the region. The article analyzed the influence of environmental factors on the reproduction of the investment potential of the region, studied the occurrence of environment-related investment damages in the phases of reproduction. The essence of the concept of "eco-investment due to damage" was defined and a scientific and methodical approach to the assessment of the environmentally caused investment damage in phases of reproduction of the investment potential of the region was developed. An assessment of environment-related investment damages in phases of the reproduction of the investment potential of the region was conducted on the example of the Sumy oblast. The necessity of ecological and economic assessment of reproductive investment potential of the region in view of environment-related investment damage was grounded.

Article is written in Ukrainan


Khudoliy L. M., Voitsekhivska V. V.
Alternative Sources of Financing for Environmental Target Programs (p. 297 - 302)

The article is aimed to improve financing of state target programs at the expense of other extra-budgetary programs and ensuring of an effective public-private partnership mechanism on the mutually beneficial terms. In the analysis and synthesis of the views of domestic scientists as well as foreign experience, alternative mechanisms for financing state target programs were considered. On the basis of the study results, scenarios of fulfillment of the state target programs under terms of additional financing from extra-budgetary sources has been suggested. Conditions for attraction of funds from enterprises and establishments for performing the scheduled tasks and activities, which are determined in the program passports, have been reasoned. The prospect of further research in this area is adjusting the process of attracting additional sources of financing until their final fulfillment through the public-private partnership mechanism, under terms which will ensure the fulfillment of the vital tasks of the state and provide an effective development of entrepreneurial activities.

Article is written in Ukrainan


Malikov V. V.
Environmental Audit: an Analysis of the Research Problematics (p. 161 - 164)

The article is aimed to analyze scientific publications on problematics of environmental audit in Ukraine and the suggested approaches to resolving the indicated problems, in order to determine the development state of this field at the current stage. Despite the fact that this type of audit drew attention of the both domestic and foreign scientists, there are still many issues to carefully concern with. The article analyzes the problems identified by scientists as related to environmental audit, as well as considers ways to address them. Also the expediency of further attention on the part of scholars and practitioners in this field has been substantiated. As recommendations for further research have been proposed improving the legislation on environmental auditing, cooperation of auditors-practitioners with scholars-theorists, as well as bringing in the world-wide experience. The proposed analysis of scientific publications emphasizes that, although studies of environmental audit in Ukraine are carried out and the relevance of the problem of ecological environment grows with each day, there are still many unsolved problems related to this.

Article is written in Ukrainan


Storozhuk T. M., Druzhynska N. S.
Improved Classification of Forest Resources (p. 138 - 142)

The article is aimed to improve the classification of forest resources at the forestry enterprises to be displayed in the accounting, analysis and control, with a view to an efficient management. As result of the study, the advisability of allocating the necessary classification characteristics of forest resources by the order of arrival into economic turnover, by origin, by the characteristic of potential economic use and, with certain types of the forest resources of non-wood origin, – by the flavoring properties has been determined. The prospect of further research in this area is projecting methods and technologies for displaying forest resources as a structured object of bookkeeping of the forestry enterprises. To integrate the forest resources in the accounting system, there is a need to improve the regulatory framework and clarify the conceptual apparatus for unambiguous and logical use of the obtained results in practice.

Article is written in Ukrainan


Hrechyn B. D.
Substantial Characterization of the Methods for Evaluating Negative Impact of Production and Logistics Activities of Enterprises in the Context of the Strategic Development of Eco-Logistics in Ukraine (p. 169 - 176)

Both readings and indicators, which reflect the deepening environmental crisis in the world and in Ukraine, have been identified. The major factors, forms of appearance, and negative socio-environmental impacts of anthropogenic influence have been examined and grouped. A characterization of methods to evaluate the negative impact of logistics processes on external and production environment, in particular: ecological balance, total volume of consumed energy, carbon footprint, as well as environmental assessment with a focus on logistics and supply chain have been performed. The chronological sequence of introducing environmental norms, regulations and standards has been determined. The sectoral distribution of enterprises by types of harmful emissions has been provided. The strategic objectives for the development of eco-logistics in Ukraine have been identified. Proposals for the creation of logistic systems with reduced adverse effects on environmental and production environment, as well as systems with the efficient use of resources and energy, have been formulated and divided into four segments.

Article is written in Ukrainan


Golyan V. A.
The Raw-Materials Orientation of Ukrainian Economy as a Basic Determinant of the Exhausting Use of Natural Resources (p. 104 - 111)

The interrelation between the low efficiency of market reforms in the Ukrainian economy during the early stages of reforms and the increased raw-materials orientation of the most sectors of the national economy has been disclosed both in terms of the socio-economic recovery and the conditions of recession. The article determines dependence between the level of capitalization of the big business entities and the relative cheapness of natural raw materials owing to the lack of modern mechanisms for rental management of special use of natural resources. The article substantiates prerequisites for growing extent of the exhausting use of natural resources as a result of the raw-materials orientation of domestic exports and the lack of current mechanisms for the equivalent redistribution of natural resource rents. The major trends of increasing the volumes of exports of agricultural products with low value added as well as imports of the animal husbandry products have been identified. The interrelation between the sectoral shifts in the agrarian sector and the possibilities of organic farming in the face of increasing the volumes of production of grains and oilseeds has been determined. Expedience of introducing additional tools of fiscal and environmental control of the activities of the large vertically integrated formations has been substantiated in order to create favorable prerequisites for the development of traditional forms of agricultural entrepreneurship and limiting the extent of exhausting use of natural resources.

Article is written in Russian


Golyan V. A.
The Economic Mechanism for Nature Management: the Waste Management (p. 174 - 188)

The article substantiates expedience of improving the economic mechanism for nature management in the part of regulating the waste management processes in connection with the high level of resource-intensiveness of production in most sectors of the economy, as well as the lack of appropriate incentives for improved recycling of secondary raw materials. The dynamics of generation, utilization and disposal of waste of the I-III hazard classes for the period from 1994 to 2015 has been analyzed, allowing to determine the relationship between economic cycles and the main trends in the waste management. It has been found that during the studied period in the dynamics of capital investments into waste management, except for certain periods, there was no upward trend owing to lack of regulatory mechanism for efficient incentives that would encourage the corporate sector to invest into the development of material-technical base and the infrastructure for storing, recycling, incineration and landfill. It has been proven that the mainstream direction for improving the economic mechanism for nature management in the part of the formation of a contemporary financial and economic instrumentarium of waste management is extending the specification of forms of the public-private partnership, with the corresponding identification of fiscal payments for the temporary use of the landfills for storing waste.

Article is written in Russian


Prytula M. Y.
A Comparative Analysis of the Economic Forms of Implementation of the Environmental Pillar of Social Reporting by Corporations (p. 139 - 143)

The article is concerned with a comparative analysis of social reporting by corporations that occupy leading positions in the industry sectors, for disclosure of information about their social, environmental and conservation activities. It has been proven that particularly social reporting is the main platform for displaying positive and negative aspects of organizational performance, as well as to gather information that could affect the company’s policy, strategy and operations on an ongoing basis. It is found that reflection of the non-financial indicators of activity of enterprises in Ukraine are either prepared in the form of reports, or in the form of information on the websites of companies. It has been substantiated that, in general, a full non-financial reporting (Report on sustainable development, Report on the corporate social responsibility) is prepared by companies that have foreign capital or implement products through exports to the developed countries. It has been determined that the main kinds of activities of companies in the field of environmental protection are: resource and energy saving, reduction of pollution of atmospheric air, reduction of water use, organizing green offices, increasing environmental education and the related culture of the population.

Article is written in Ukrainan

Sazonets О. M., Myskovets N. P.
The Theoretical Foundations of Implementation of Corporate Entrepreneurship through Use of Ecosystems (p. 144 - 148)

The article is aimed at studying the pivotal points of implementation of the ecosystem-based corporate entrepreneurship. The authors have analyzed different approaches to defining entrepreneurial activity both in Ukraine and in the world. The basic approaches and classification of corporate entrepreneurship have been considered. The article characterizes the main types of entrepreneurship that draw natural resources, identifies the types of entrepreneurship that use whole ecosystems in its activities, in particular agriculture, forestry, hunting and fisheries. A comparative characterization of forms of entrepreneurial activity has been done, determining the most effective form when dealing with natural resources. The main advantages of the ecosystem-based entrepreneurship have been determined from the position of the consumer and entrepreneur.

Article is written in Ukrainan


Sazonets I. L., Prytula M. Y.
Significance of the Environmental Responsibility of Corporations (p. 115 - 120)

The carried out generalization of theoretical provisions has been indicative of the fact that the objective need for development of the environmental component of the theory of corporate social responsibility is stipulated by the low level of ecological consciousness of society, a deep environmental crisis of the State, as well as processes of integration into the system of international relations, which requires setting the stringent requirements for ecological safety of production and its impact on the environment. It has been proven that implementing this component provides at the enterprise level provides for introduction of the system of environmental liability. Essence of the environmental responsibility of enterprise has been defined on the basis of three criteria: compliance with environmental obligations, energy and raw materials management, and the efficient involvement of stakeholders. To conceptual foundations of the implementation of a system of environmental liability at enterprise have been systematized. The totality of principles and methods for implementation of this system has been determined, involving the aggregate application of organizational-legal and economic tools. The economic, social and environmental reasons together with the results of environmental responsibility at enterprise have been detalized.

Article is written in Ukrainan


Sazonets О. M., Myskovets N. P.
The Macroeconomic Analysis of the Ecosystem-Based Entrepreneurship (p. 147 - 152)

The article is aimed at analyzing the entrepreneurial activity of the ecosystem-based enterprises of Ukraine (i.e. those that involve natural ecosystems into their economic activity). The authors have defined share of the enterprises, which can be attributed to the ecosystem-based, in the total number of enterprises of Ukraine. A structural-dynamic analysis of production and marketing of products (goods and services) of the researched sector was carried out. The goods structure of exports and imports of the products of agriculture, forestry, and fisheries was analyzed. The goods that have the greatest share were defined, and the export-import coverage ratio was calculated in the researched sector. A comparative analysis of profitability dynamics of the ecosystem-based enterprises as well as other enterprises of Ukraine was carried out.

Article is written in Ukrainan


Golyan V. A., Savchuk V. V.
The Agrarian Natural Resource Use in the Area of Risky Farming: Principles and Priorities for Rationalization (p. 148 - 153)

The essence of agrarian natural resource use as an important prerequisite for agricultural production in the area of risky farming (drainage zone, irrigation zone, and mountainous areas) has been disclosed. The problem points of rationalizing the agrarian natural resource use in the drainage zone have been identified in relation to the structural deformations of agricultural production. The main sectoral and institutional priorities for agrarian natural resource use in the drainage zone have been determined. The principles of agrarian natural resource use in the area of risky farming have been formulated, consisting in the restoration of traditional agricultural specialization, maintaining the environmental-economic balance, ensuring the adaptability to international environmental conventions, comprehensively countering the rural poverty, overcoming the asymmetry in information, preserving the food orientation of agricultural production, and transforming negative externalities into positive effects.

Article is written in Ukrainan

Dzyubenko O. M.
The Investment-Innovation Provision of Energy Efficiency in the Use of Forest-Resource Potential (p. 154 - 159)

The content of problems of the investment-innovation provision of energy efficiency in the use of forest-resource potential through setting the production of fuel-wood resources has been covered. The upward tendency in the production and consumption of fuel-wood on a national scale and in the Cherkasy region is analyzed, which should be a prerequisite for reconsidering the priorities of energy efficiency projects in the State forestry enterprises with a view to reducing the loss of timber and efficient use of non-liquid wood. Expediency of the production of fuel pellets and briquettes on the basis of the processing of logging waste and woodworking waste in the State forestry enterprises is substantiated. It has been found that a catalyst in the investment for construction of pellet plants should be provision of guarantees on the part of the State, facilitation of leasing transactions, and elimination of import duties on the modern high-tech woodworking and wood processing equipment.

Article is written in Ukrainan


Golyan V. A., Androshchuk I. I.
The Economic Mechanism of Management of Natural Resources: Rents for the Use of Subsoil Assets (p. 148 - 158)

The essential attributes of the institutional and methodological ensuring for the charging and distribution of rents for the subsoil minerals exploitation in the system of functioning of an economic mechanism of management of natural resources has been being disclosed. Consideration was given to the structure of income from the rents for the use of subsoil assets into the Consolidated, the State and the local budgets of Ukraine. The article analyzes the main tendencies in the income of rents for the use of subsoil for mining of State-owned minerals, natural gas, oil, and gas condensate, in current and comparable prices. The content of rents for the use of subsoil for mining amber has been disclosed and the results of the first year of institutionalization of this fiscal payment have been analyzed. The article suggests directions to improve the charging and distribution of rents for the use of subsoil assets by increasing the differentiation of rates, enhancing the stimulating role of the rent regulation of using subsoil, accumulation of part of the mineral-commodity rent in the special funds of budget at different levels.

Article is written in Ukrainan


Dzyubenko O. M.
The State Investment and Innovation Policy for Development of Forest Sector: the Ecological-Economic Aspects and Mechanisms for Implementation (p. 159 - 165)

The need for formation of the State investment and innovation policy for development of forest sector has been substantiated as an important prerequisite for overcoming investment deficits in both the public and the corporate sectors of forest and wood processing production. The main tendencies in the implementation of capital investments by the entities of forestry entrepreneurship, dynamics of involvement of credit resources by forestry enterprises, and shifts in the structure of capital investments in 2016 were analyzed as compared to 2013. It has been found that an important part of the State investment and innovation policy for development of forest sector should be incentives to accelerate the modernization and upgrading of the material-technical base of lumbering and wood processing. The need to form an institutional framework for partnership between the State and business entities in the part of financing the projects of modernization of lumbering and wood processing equipment has been substantiated.

Article is written in Ukrainan

Golyan V. A., Androshchuk I. I.
The Economic Mechanism of Natural Resources Management: Rents for Special Use of Natural Resources (p. 166 - 174)

The article discloses the content of the economic mechanism of natural resources management as an orderly system of methods, means, instruments, and techniques of fiscal and financial-credit regulation of development of the natural-resource potential. It has been found that the turnpike element of the mechanism of natural resources management is the fiscal component, which is represented by rents for the special use of natural resources. It has been substantiated that the conformity of rent rates for the special use of natural resources with the real value of the natural component of national wealth, which is being engaged in the economic turnover, is a sine qua non for filling financial funds for the enhanced reproduction of natural-resource potential and increasing the motivation of natural resources managers to reduce the losses of natural raw materials. It has been found that there is no significant increase in the dynamics of the income of rents for the special use of natural resources into the consolidated budget of Ukraine at the comparable prices of 1998. It has been substantiated that strengthening of the stimulating function of the rent regulation will be possible, provided that the rent rates in Ukraine will be brought to the average European level.

Article is written in Ukrainan


Dzyubenko O. M.
The Status of Organization, Methodology, and Information Support of Economic Analysis of the Financial Potential of Forestry Enterprises (p. 338 - 345)

The article is aimed at researching the status of organization, methodology, and information support of economic analysis of the financial potential of forestry enterprises. It is determined that the financial potential of forestry enterprise is the object of management and economic analysis. Founding documents and internal regulations of enterprises were tested to determine particularities of the organization of activity and management of forestry enterprises. The testing of financial plan of the researched enterprises testifies to fragmentation of economic analysis of financial potential. The analysis of indicators by the financial potential of forestry enterprises, contained in the financial plans, was carried out. It has been determined that the structure of financial plan of forestry enterprises can be represented as the following structure of indicators: formation of financial results; settlements of budgetary payments; movement of monetary means; capital investments; coefficient analysis; financial plan information.

Article is written in Ukrainan


Lisichko A. M.
Forest Rent as an Object of Economic Analysis (p. 233 - 242)

The article is aimed at researching the concept of forest rent as an object of economic analysis. The essence of the concept of «forest rent» has been researched. It has been defined that the forest rent is the object of management of the forest complex of Ukraine as a whole and forest enterprises in particular. Rent for special use of forest resources is the object of interest om the part of both the State and the corporate sector, because its value depends on the cost of timber for industry and households. Works of scholars on classification of rents were studied. It has been determined that the rent for specialized use of forest resources is a special kind of natural rent. The structure of constituents in the system of rent relations in the forest sector has been defined in accordance with provisions of the tax code of Ukraine.

Article is written in Ukrainan


Mashchenko M. A., Klіmenko O. M.
Ecological and Economic Problems of Environmental Security (p. 190 - 195)

The article is aimed at defining a common mechanism for assessing the ecological and economic threats and ecological losses on the basis of a long-term study to ensure the environmental security of the State. The necessity of a new approach to the State regulation through achievement of environmental security is displayed, that will allow to reduce tensions of the ecological-economic problems in Ukraine. For implementation of this approach, a general mechanism for estimation of ecological-economic threats and ecological losses is provided, which is carried out through formation of an integral costs system. The costs system is presented in the article in the form of an in-depth mechanism for estimating the ecological-economic threats on the example of ecological impacts. Structuring and preparation of the costs system for applied researches is the next stage of this prolonged research.

Article is written in Ukrainan


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