KV #19905-9705 PR dated 02.04.2013.







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Globalization Processes in the Economy


Kudinova A. V.
Social Reproduction in the Global Economy: Key Determinants of Transformation (p. 29 - 33)

The article is aimed to study the new characteristics of social reproduction as a result of the influence of globalization processes. The article analyzes the current process of social reproduction, its differences from economic reproduction of the industrial age. The relevance of updating classical approaches to the study of social reproduction (the Marxian, which argues for the need to develop, first of all, production of the means of production; the neoclassical, where exploration of market mechanism is emphasized; the Keynesian, which evidences the need to stimulate the production of goods and services for final consumption) has been substantiated considering the global influences, in particular, of fundamental changes in the structure of the social product, strengthening of its intangible component, formation of global resource flows, factors of production, goods and services, information, servitization of economy, autonomizing of financial sector, strengthening the asymmetries in development of various countries and so on. Also has been proposed, in the study of social reproduction, to take into account the socio-cultural factor as a key factor in the formation of institutions that let transform the resource potential in the real growth of public welfare. The environmental indicators have been proposed as one of the criteria for considering the efficiency and effectiveness of social reproduction.

Article is written in Ukrainan

Kovalchuk M. V.
The Post-Global Security Space (p. 34 - 40)

The article is aimed to explore the threatening influence of the latest post-global phenomena and processes on the architectonics of security space of the global economic system. The article analyses the main measurements of economic space, explores the architectonics of security space from the perspective of institutional economics and, in particular, defines institutional imperatives for the formation of architectonics of security space, features of the new specific threats to the global economy in the post-global transformations phase have been described, the need for transformations in the existing institutional structures in order to increase the efficiency of their functioning and prevent the onset of large-scale crises of economic and geopolitical nature has been proven. Prospects for further research in this area is to identify threatening influence of post-global trends on the national economy and to elaborate recommendations for supplement and improvement of the architectonics of security space in current conditions.

Article is written in Ukrainan

Loshkovska K. S.
Paradigm Approach to Defining the Index Model of Creativity (p. 41 - 45)

Creativity today is regarded as the new currency in the global world. While in a previous era, a basic requirement for success was the usefulness, integration and the ability to work with new technologies, today the ability to generate new ideas and turn them into innovations represents the new key to success. In connection with the growing role of creativity in the world, scientists are increasingly interested to explore the creative economy, including studies of this phenomenon as an important and necessary policy-forming subject. Today's world is a tough global competition between cities and countries. It's the competition for markets of goods and services, for access to resources, for attracting human capacities and capital. The struggle of attracting to the own territory people, finance and the latest technologies lingers on. The increasing relevance has got the concept of creativity in terms of the creativity indices. The latter provide analytical tools for assessing the economic effects of the creative economy and determining the effectiveness of policy decisions. In this article comparison and analyzis of 12 creativity indices is carried out, their strengths and weaknesses are highlighted.

Article is written in Ukrainan


Mykolenko O. P.
Economic Institutions for Adaptation of the Open-Type Economic Systems to Globalization Processes (p. 21 - 26)

The article is aimed to develop a conception about factors of achieving dynamic stability of the open-type economic systems in conditions of postindustrial development. In the analysis and synthesis of scientific works by foreign and domestic scholars, current forms of network interactions of economic entities on the market have been allocated. As result of research, the network-based corporate and non-corporate inter-firm relations have been described. The specific role of the network institutions in the flexible framework of the vertically integrated structures has been disclosed, which, on the one hand, provides the latter with their own adaptability and resistance, on the other hand, provides stability of economic systems in the context of the postindustrial economy and increased competition. The most viable economic institutions, which are prone to institutional benefication of their own organization and obtaining synergy, have been allocated. It has been concluded that the network institutions ensure the integration of the open-type economic systems into global space and have specific capabilities of adapting the system to changes in the global environment.

Article is written in Russian


Maksymenko A. V.
Global Imperatives of Taxation of the TNCs' Activities (p. 30 - 34)

The tax systems of developed world countries at present are unique and multivarious. They vary depending on the level of the tax burden, the ratio of direct and indirect taxes, the size of tax rates. In the process of tax competition, each country is trying to find certain competitive advantages that will enable it to cooperate effectively with key market participants and fulfill its own tasks. These advantages are especially relevant in relation to international activities of TNCs, which have the ability to choose countries with more favorable tax field. So, to date, countries need to find a compromise between implementation of both TNCs' and their own interests. The article is aimed to clarify the global tax imperatives towards the TNCs' activities as well as improving the leverages of international taxation. In the course of research, the question as to whether TNCs are subject to tax jurisdiction was disclosed. It has been proved that choice of the home country for the TNC's parent company affects the industry in which the company operates. The necessity of reforming the system of taxation of TNC because of violation of the principle of horizontal equity has been substantiated. The solution to the problem may be offered by harmonization of taxation, which is what Europe and the countries of the Asia-Pacific region are trying implement nowadays. The next step will be creation of a new international tax regime, allowing TNCs to carry out their activities freely under any jurisdiction.

Article is written in Ukrainan


Syvak R. B., Poda A. S.
Essence of Transformation of Logistic Centers in a System of Global Logistic Service (p. 23 - 28)

The article is aimed to define the evolution of essence of logistic centers in the process of establishing a global logistic system of the world economy. A global logistic center is defined as a link in the global supply chain, whose function is the logistic management of the global material flows with a view to their logistic transformation and/or adaptation to requirements of the next links in the indicated chain. Philosophy of creation and management of a global logistic center, as well as strategic priorities of its operation, should take into account the global challenges of the world economy, in particular the need to take into consideration the parameters of sustainable development, harmonizing of the global supply chains and reducing the transaction costs for relocation and consumption of material flows. Four levels of the logistic centers have been allocated, providing a basis for building different conceptual models of such centers; the evolutionary signs of appearance of the logistics centers as to each of these levels have been formulated as well. It has been concluded that formation of a network of international logistic centers in Ukraine, due to a number of administrative-legal, methodical and institutional circumstances, can be materialized on the principles of public-private partnership, involving the global logistics providers with their considerable experience as well as both investment and institutional potential.

Article is written in Ukrainan


Bezrukova N. V., Svichkar V. A.
The Contemporary Architecture of the Global Economy: an Analysis of Changes and Trends (p. 25 - 31)

The article is aimed to analyze new trends taking place in the today's global economy, with the purpose of forecasting the future architecture of the world economy and determining roles of various world countries in the global economic system. Contemporary trends of the economic globalization process in terms of both the trade and investment aspects were examined. Characteristics features and elements of economic globalization were allocated. It has been specified that this process is of controversial nature and can bring ambiguous implications for the world countries. A few years ago the developed countries were leaders in both the world trade and global investment, but nowadays there is a change in the architecture of the world economy for the benefit of the developing countries. It has been emphasized that in the developing countries the process of transnationalization is taking place violently: new transnational corporations are being created and developed, which carry out active expansions on the markets of the both developed and developing countries. Rapidly growing are trade and investment flows within the developing countries that provides them with the means of production and large sales markets.

Article is written in Ukrainan


Jalilov A. Y. o.
Institutional System of the Fragmented International Production by Transnational Firms (p. 36 - 40)

The article discusses the essence of the institutional system of the international production by transnational corporations in the context of its deepening fragmentation, strategic objectives of management of the global value chains, created by corporations, influence of the heterogeneity of transnational firms on both the formation of global networks for their operations and their geographical configuration. The complex, multiple nature of the architecture of the modern international production in these companies is disclosed. It is substantiated that the most important features of the institutional mechanism of the international production by TNCs are transfer of targets and requirements to all its participants related to the manufactured products, processes and transactions, maintaining and increasing the strength of the parent company in the global networks, as well as assigning to it the maximum of the created value added.

Article is written in Ukrainan


Petrenko K. V., Pigul V. V.
Peculiarities of Formation and Development of the Global Labor Market (p. 37 - 42)

The article is aimed at comprehensive studying of the processes in the formation of global labor market. Theoretical aspects of formation of the global labor market have been considered, theories of development of the labor market in the context of labor force migration and in terms of various economic schools have been explored, segments of the modern labor market and the factors influencing it have been provided. The article also analyses the current status of the labor market of the world, namely, by researching the major trends in both employment and unemployment in the recent years. It has been determined that there are a number of problems which negatively affect the functioning of the global labor market, including the rising unemployment and the reducing employment. Trends to increase employment in the service sector as well as «brain drain» have been researched. It has been found that for a better functioning of the labor market, creation of new jobs together with stimulating activities of the economically active population is necessary, thus the economic development of the world countries will be forwarded.

Article is written in Ukrainan


Shtal T. V., Zmieieva G. O.
Systematization of the Methods for Evaluating the International Competitiveness of Enterprise (p. 19 - 24)

The article is aimed at studying methods for evaluating competitiveness, identifying their practical relevance to domestic enterprises on example of the ОАО «Zavod «Yuzhkabel». A system of methods for evaluating international competitiveness of enterprises has been analyzed, the most frequently encountered in the economic literature methodologies for estimation have been considered. As a result, weaknesses of the individual elements of the system have been identified. Practical significance of the study has been disclosed, the most effective methods for evaluating the international competitiveness of enterprises have been identified. Using methods such as the method of rating estimation, the «4Р» matrix, the «McKinsey» matrix, the Hirfindahl-Hirschman index and the polygon of competitiveness model, international competitiveness of the ОАО «Zavod «Yuzhkabel» has been evaluated. Conclusion about the extent of enterprise's presence at the international market has been made.

Article is written in Russian


Panevnyk T. M., Bolgarova N. K.
The Integration Aspects of Activities of the Companies in the Oil and Gas Industry Sector in the Context of Globalization (p. 20 - 25)

The article considers both the dynamics and the structure of oil and gas production in Ukraine, situation of the oil and gas companies at the current stage of globalization of the world economy have been covered. The main problems impacting the functioning of the domestic industry sector have been identified, including the lack of effectiveness of the existing integration processes. The world trends and patterns of integration processes have been considered. It has been determined that the oil and gas industry sector leaders are the multinational companies that actively use integration in their practices. The current trends in creating integration linkages in different parts of the process chain in the oil and gas industry have been identified. Influence by large corporations of the innovative type on the creation of a favorable investment climate has been confirmed, as well as conducting their own policies of expansion in the overseas markets. On the basis of studying the foreign experience, expediency of development of the oil and gas sector enterprises by activating integration processes has been substantiated. Priorities and possibilities for further functioning of enterprises in the the oil and gas industry sector have been identified.

Article is written in Ukrainan


Dovgal O. A., Pankova Y. M.
Features of Both the Contents and the Forms of International Business in the Conditions of Globalization (p. 25 - 30)

In the article, on the basis of an analysis of publications and the Ukrainian legislation, the concept of «international business» has been clarified and the list of its forms has been defined. It has been specified that transnational corporations (TNCs) are the most effective form of organizing the international business, also the list and characteristics of the major international TNCS in the world in 2014 have been analyzed. The concept of «globalization» has been analyzed and the ranking of countries according to the globalization degree of the Globalization Index has been considered, which takes into account characteristics of the countries by four areas (economic globalization, personal contacts, information-communication technology, involvement in the international politics), where Ukraine in 2015 was placed the 42nd out of 207, it has been noted that this indicator has positive dynamics. The article also discovers and describes the impact of globalization processes on the forms of international business in the following areas: political globalization; financial-economic globalization; territorial-demographic globalization; informational-communicational globalization. Prospect for further research in this direction is studying the environment and development factors in terms of the contemporary forms of international business.

Article is written in Ukrainan

Dumikian M. M.
The Impact of TNCs on Development of the Telecommunication Services Market in Ukraine (p. 31 - 35)

The article is concerned with the topical issues of evaluating the impact of transnational corporations on development of the telecommunication services market in Ukraine. The leading value of transnational corporations as the main structural elements, the main driving force of development and increasing efficiency of the telecommunication services market in Ukraine has been proven. The main attributes, by which a company operating on the market of telecommunication services can be categorized as multinational corporation, have been formulated. Both the positive the and negative influences of the foreign transnational corporations on the innovative development of the national telecommunications market have been studied. A complex of strategic measures to be implemented in order to ensure equal opportunities for competitive development of all actors in the national market of telecommunication services has been proposed. A promising direction for further research is to evaluate foreign experience in overcoming the negative factors of impact by transnational corporations on development of the telecommunication market.

Article is written in Ukrainan


Pyroh O. V., Maksymchuk I. S.
Evaluating the Stability of the Economic Development of Global Cities (p. 57 - 65)

The objectives of the article are: studying the socio-economic tendencies in the development of global cities, defining the characteristics of their economic development, and evaluating the stability of their economic development over the medium term (2000-2014). Having tested the hypothesis of the impact of innovation activity on the economic growth, it can be argued that the economic growth of global cities is achieved primarily through job creation and employment generation, and then, finally, due to innovation activity. It has been suggested that stability of the economic development of global cities be evaluated by means of an integral method that has helped to determine that the global cities of the Alpha ++, Alpha + and Alpha sub-groups are evolving steadily, while the global cities of sub-groups Alpha-, Beta +, Beta–, Gamma, Gamma–, and High sufficiency are characterized by unstable and rapid economic growth.

Article is written in Ukrainan

Lelyuk O. V.
The Global Tendencies in the Fuel Sector: Challenges for Ukraine (p. 66 - 74)

The article presents an analysis of the main competition-generating factors in the development of the world fuel sector: demand, supply, stocks and prices. Certain global trends show the multi-directional development of both developed and developing countries. There are the following differences: first, the OECD countries can target their own fuel-energy balances for the gradual replacement of hydrocarbons by renewable energy sources, while the non-OECD countries remain supporters of cheap and traditional energy resources; second, the OECD countries do not reduce the rate of production of conventional energy resources, and the non-OECD countries meet their growing needs, among other ways, at the expense of the aforementioned countries; third, there is a significant disproportion in the energy balance in the OECD countries, which is covered by imported hydrocarbons, whereas in the non-OECD countries there is a greater kinship between sources of energy security. At the same time, the tendency towards globalization of the market for traditional hydrocarbons is unique to the oil market, while only gaining momentum in the natural gas market, and in the coal market the scale of world trade is negligible.

Article is written in Ukrainan


Syvak R. B.
The Directions to Institutionalize Globalism in the Context of Sustainable Development of the World Economy (p. 8 - 13)

The article is aimed at defining the directions of institutionalization of globalism as a new global social order orientated towards sustainable development in the context of the transformation of multitude of actors in the world economy. The article substantiates a hypothesis that economic globalism provides to detect the worldwide environmental and social problems of the industrialization of national economies and constitutes an important prerequisite for the humanitarian and ecological globalism that can elaborate new global dualistic instruments for sustainable development. An author’s own vision for addressing the problem of global leveling of incomes and limiting the global consumption through social and environmental responsibility of the middle class, as well as regulating the global markets, in particular through establishing the global government institutions within the UN structure, has been proposed. An alternative to the global management institutions have been considered the multi-level multi-intelligent systems, formation of which implies a clear awareness of their elements of opportunities and threats to activity together with setting adequate goals. It has been concluded that the identified tendencies in the development of world economy underscore the need to transform the institutional support of global management in the context of the realization of a globalizing society as a new social order and the need to mitigate the impacts of economic globalization by means of the conception of the global sustainable development.

Article is written in Ukrainan

Iurchenko S. O., Iurchenko О. Y.
The International Migration of Population in the Current Phase: Tendencies and Challenges (p. 14 - 19)

The article considers the characteristics of contemporary international migration of population. It has been shown that international migration encompasses all countries over the world and is an important constituent of the globalization of the world-wide economy. Tendencies in the international migration have been described by regions of the world and by type of country. It has been shown that a concentration of international migrants is present in a relatively small number of world countries, while the developed world is more attractive to migrants than the developing countries. The structure of migrants by sex and age has been considered and the most attractive regions for the migration of women and men have been identified. The problems and tendencies of the forced migration of population have been identified. It has been determined that, in many developed countries, the migration inflow of population will increase in importance in the demographic situation. The need to develop a migration policy in the regions of different hierarchical levels and to implement it in practice has been indicated.

Article is written in Russian


Mykytas V. V.
The Economic Sovereignty of the State as the Defining Instrument of Economic Policy in the Context of Globalization (p. 44 - 49)

The modern world is characterized by rapid integration and globalization processes, which have both a positive and a negative impact on the development of each country. National economies operate in the midst of global uncertainty, which is becoming the platform for the formation and implementation of the State economic policy, which should not only describe the conditions for strategic development of country but also adequately respond to the risks emerging out of the complex integration processes. The failure of the State to respond in a timely and adequate manner to the risks will result in lesser benefits and positive effects of integration processes than the impact of destabilizing factors. In such circumstances, economic sovereignty becomes the most important instrument of the State through which it can defend its national economic interests and form an effective economic policy.

Article is written in Ukrainan


Novikova L. V., Chernyshova L. O.
The Formation of a Positive International Image of Country as a Means of Enhancing Competitiveness (p. 30 - 35)

The article is aimed at studying the essence of the concept of «image of the state» and substantiating the conceptual model of forming a positive international image of country as a means of enhancing competitiveness in the international market. The essence of the concept of «image of the State» has been defined. The factors influencing the formation of the international image of country have been distributed and systematized. The principles on which the process of formation of country image of modern format, receiving public recognition and adequate international estimation, have been allocated. A conceptual model of formation of positive international image of country, based on the hypothesis of influence of positive image on creation of significant competitive advantages in the international market of goods and services, has been proposed. The key features of the model are defined as: clear distribution of the roles of the stakeholders of national image – subjects of the global economic system, level of their involvement in the process of formation and integration of the State economy into the system of international institutions.

Article is written in Ukrainan

Shvydanenko O. A., Savchenko I. A.
The Current Approaches to the Harmonization of Interests of Participants of Competitive Relationships at the Global Level (p. 36 - 40)

The key problems of development of participants of global competitive relationships, approaches to harmonization of their interests have been considered. The article defines essence of the global system of regulation of competitive relationships, the technology of its formation, improvement and development, taking into account the reasonable assemblage of relevant principles. The main tasks and processes of formation of the competitive culture in the context of globalization changes have been highlighted. The strategic directions of improvement of the system of regulation of competitive relationships in accordance with transformation of external conditions of development of globalizing space and strengthening of international character of competition have been specified. The organizational-economic mechanism of the system of regulation of competitive relationships has been provided.

Article is written in Ukrainan


Hnedina K. V., Petrakov I. V., Syzonenko O. V.
The Global Trends in the Alternative Energetics and Improvement of the State Policy in the Sphere of Fiscal Security: in Search for Equilibrium and Markets (p. 38 - 42)

Alternative energetics is an important component of the competitiveness and security of the national economy. Its rapid development over the past 10 years is caused by both the attempts of individual countries to maintain and strengthen their competitive advantage in the world markets and the efforts of international organizations (UN, IRENA, IEA) to consolidate different stakeholders to achieve energy and fiscal security, protection of environment and improvement of climate conditions. The article is aimed at generalizing global trends in alternative energetics in the context of development of the State policy in the sphere of fiscal security. A brief overview of the latest trends in the alternative energetics development, most of which focus on identifying the basic sectoral trends, has been provided. However, the issues of fiscal security in the energy sector remain poorly researched, especially in terms of formation of the State policy, consolidating interests of different groups of stakeholders. It has been determined that in the developed countries a significant growth of alternative energetics is caused by the consistent State policy on creation of conditions for formation of effective branch markets and the solving of so-called energy trilemma.

Article is written in Ukrainan


Cherkas N. I.
The Theoretical Aspects of the Development of Global Production Networks and Value Chains: the New Paradigm of Globalization (p. 52 - 59)

The article is aimed at systematizing the contemporary perceptions of the changing paradigms of globalization and international competition as a result of the spread of global networks and value chains. The development of global value chains (GVC) occurred as a result of two distributions of globalization: (1) global competition is manifested at the level of sectors and companies (from the mid-nineteenth century) (2) the concept of trade in tasks arises (at the end of XX century). The publication analyzes the impact of globalization on the international competitiveness of both the EU and the developing countries in the trade of final products and tasks. The model takes into consideration differences in wages, technology gap and trade costs, and provides for assessing the comparative advantages of individual sectors or segments of GVC. Features of the conception of global production networks have been identified as: «imports for production» and «imports for exports», which define international competitiveness on the basis of creation of the intrinsic value added. It is determined that the competitiveness of the economy is determined by the country’s positions in the GVC, and the increase in productivity of companies depends on their involvement in the segments (tasks) with a high level of value added.

Article is written in Ukrainan


Rudnichenko Y. M., Gavlovska N. I., Havlovska V. I.
Globalization, Import Substitution and Economic Security of the State: Interaction and Interdependence (p. 26 - 32)

The article analyzes the existing approaches to interpretation of the category of «globalization». The ambiguous attitude to globalization in the scientific sphere is defined, because together with positive elements of «erasing» of borders and deepening of economic relations there is a significant number of threats both for individual countries and for separate economic entities. The rating of Ukraine according to the index of the globalization level (KOF) is presented, which includes the components that measure the economic, social and political aspects of globalization, and dynamics of the change of this index for 2017–2018 are provided. The definitions of national security are detailed and the peculiarities of the influence of globalization on the national economic security are defined. A number of measures have been proposed to minimize the impact of globalization on the national economic security, among which: import substitution, support of own producers, and preservation of the intellectual potential of the nation.

Article is written in Ukrainan


Khalina O. V.
The Uneven Economic Development of World Countries as a Global Problem of the Present (p. 15 - 20)

The article is aimed at analyzing the uneven economic development of world countries, estimating the current status and global problems arising in the development of world economy. The problems of growing interdependence in the global world are considered. Relevance of the fundamental research on the phenomenon of economic unevenness as a component of global problems of the modern world is substantiated, the dynamics of spreading the problem of unevenness in geographical and temporal space together with the reasons for their aggravation are disclosed. Considerable attention is paid to analyzing of influence of the global problems of modernity on deepening the problem of uneven economic development. On the basis of the carried out research, the new tendencies and features of the uneven economic development of the countries in current conditions are revealed. In particular, the author considers the tendency to dialogue of different cultures and civilizations towards elimination of contradictions and solving the aforementioned problems from the standpoint of unity of both material and spiritual foundations of human existence. It is specified that, as the world economy is developing, new global problems are prognosticated, which can cause deepening of imbalances in the world economy, therefore, a global coordination of actions of economic entities in terms of planetary scale is necessary.

Article is written in Ukrainan

Fomina Y. V.
The Asymmetry of Global Development of World Economy in the Context of its Intellectualization (p. 21 - 25)

The article is aimed at studying the problem of asymmetry of the world economy during the phase of intellectualization and finding ways to solve it. A clear analysis of manifestations and causes of the increase of the gap between the life level and profitability of economic activity of the world’s leading countries and all other economic systems is presented; forms of interstate technological asymmetry are defined; an analysis of development features of the countries applying for technological leadership is carried out; the reasons slowing down the processes of intellectualization of an economic system are allocated. The recommendations on reduction of the interstate technological asymmetry together with possibility to implement the global innovative breakthrough, narrowing the gap between the levels of technological development of different countries on the basis of partnership, are provided.

Article is written in Ukrainan

Kuzmin O. Y., Shakhno A. Y.
The State Regulation of Migratory Processes of Human Capital in Conditions of Globalization (p. 26 - 35)

The article is aimed at studying the main migration processes and their impact on the development of human capital in Ukraine. The role of the State in regulating migration in the context of globalization is considered. The main directions of international migration of human capital, their causes and consequences are defined. The main functions and factors influencing migration processes are characterized. Both the positive and the negative consequences of impact of the external labor migration on the human capital development have been identified. The attention is focused on the negative consequences of the outflow of intellectual capital for Ukraine, which is an obstacle to the socio-economic development of the country and reduces the level of its competitive advantages, as well as threatens its national security. The geography of migration processes is researched and their quantitative characteristic is provided. It is substantiated, that one of the main factors of strengthening of internal labor migration in Ukraine is unevenness of economic development of regions of the country. The model of improvement of the mechanism for the State regulation of migration processes of human capital of Ukraine in the conditions of globalization is developed and proposed; the complex of measures allowing to reduce negative consequences of migration and to improve socio-economic indicators of Ukraine is presented. Prospects for further research are in-depth studying of the role of the State in improving the quality of migration processes in order to increase the competitiveness of the national economy.

Article is written in Ukrainan


Khanin I. H., Polyakov M. V., Bilozubenko V. S.
The Asymmetry of the Global Space of Knowledge Economy: an Estimation by the Example of Gaps of the National Science Indicators (p. 16 - 23)

The modern world is in the process of moving towards a better economic paradigm based on the model of knowledge economy. Globalization is increasingly embracing the sphere of knowledge, including science, education, information-communication technologies, innovative entrepreneurship, knowledge-intensive productions. In such circumstances, an important problem is the increasing asymmetry in the global space of knowledge economy, which, in particular, is manifested in the gaps in national science indicators. The article substantiates the mosaic nature of the modern world economy and the emergence of international asymmetry in the sphere of knowledge, which becomes even more high and large-scale. A statistical estimation of gaps in the national science indicators as a characteristic of the level of asymmetry of the global space of knowledge economy was carried out. Based on the analysis of indicators (expenditures on research and development, number of researchers, producing of intellectual property, patenting, scientific publications, high-tech export), conclusion about the growth of gaps in the national science indicators was made. This creates a challenge for the world community and requires special measures to support the outsider countries.

Article is written in Ukrainan


Semenenko T. M.
The Strategies for Internationalization of the Automotive TNCs in the Context of Global Financial-Economic Instability (p. 20 - 25)

The article is aimed at identifying key strategies for internationalization of automotive transnational corporations (TNCs) as one of the leading and strategically important sectors of the world economy against the backdrop of global financial and economic instability. The key internationalization strategies used by modern TNCs in the automotive industry are considered. In particular, attention is paid to the merger and acquisition agreements in the automotive industry. Along with substantiation of the need to modularization of the global automotive industry, importance of such process is considered. The outsourcing mechanism which is widely used by leading automakers world-wide is characterized. The modern corporate strategies of automotive TNCs are based on the fundamental reorganization of the geographical configuration of the global value chain, taking into consideration key trends in the development of the regional automotive markets.

Article is written in Ukrainan

Simakhova A. О.
The Transitive Model of Social Economy in the Global Environment (p. 26 - 31)

The article is aimed at researching the transitive model of social economy in the global context. The bases of securing the welfare of population in different countries with transitive economy are analyzed by the following indicators: average monthly wages, GDP per capita, level of inflation. The levels of unemployment and self-employment of the population are researched. Reasons of distribution of the countries with transitive economy by various models of social economy are substantiated. As a result of the study, the main reasons of distribution of the countries with the transitive economy by three models of social economy: transitive, mediterranean and continental are allocated. Prospect for further research in this direction is determination of Ukraine’s position according to the global social indices in the global social environment.

Article is written in Ukrainan


Hlushach Y. S.
Ranking of Countries in the Global Economic World (p. 13 - 19)

In the context of globalization and the development of digital economy, an important instrument for evaluating the potential of countries and their integration into the international economic space are ratings of globalization indices, of economic freedom and global competitiveness. The article is aimed at highlighting the methods of calculating ratings and applying them to measure different aspects of macroeconomic status of countries. The key provisions of rating methods and algorithms for generalization of primary data in calculation of ratings are presented; a characterization and sequence of procedures for determining the indices of the globalization index and economic freedom index are provided, and the positions of countries in the system of these indicators are analyzed; strengths and weaknesses of the national economy are identified in the context of global development. The relatively low level of Ukraine in the ratings of globalization and economic freedom testifies to its economic, political and social instability. To achieve progress, more effective action is needed in the countering corruption, development of the capital market, privatization of State-owned enterprises, improvement of the legal framework, and ensuring the rule of law.

Article is written in Ukrainan

Voloshyn V. I.
The State Policy of Ensuring Economic Security of the State in the Conditions of Hybrid Threats (p. 19 - 24)

The article is aimed at substantiating the theoretical and methodological bases for increasing the efficiency of the State policy of ensuring economic security in the conditions of external hybrid aggression. It is proved that conditions of financial-economic and informational globalization create preconditions for deformation of the established approaches to realization of applied bases of the State policy of maintenance of economic security of the State. The nature, specificity and nature of destabilizing influence of hybrid threats on the processes of ensuring economic security of the State are identified. Approaches to the implementation of security at the macro level in the context of the growing transformations and processes of globalization of financial, economic and informational nature are developed. The conceptual mechanism for realization of the State policy of ensuring economic security of the State in conditions of financial, economic and information globalization is substantiated.

Article is written in Ukrainan


Kobylianska A. V.
The System of Goals of the Imperative Process-Objects of Global Economic Management (p. 26 - 31)

The article is aimed at studying the process-objects of global economic management from the standpoint of correlation of goals of their functioning with the forms of international economic integration, international economic relations and channels of implementation of global economic management. Based on the writings of scholars, the article analyzes the goals of the following process-objects of global economic management: integration, segregation and aggregation, localization, globalization and glocalization, convergence and neoconvergence, etc. A qualitative estimation of possibilities of simultaneous achievement of goals of the mentioned process-objects together with goals of functioning of various supranational formations: international organizations, regional associations, metacorporations is provided. The findings make it possible to understand how the existing forms of global economic management are combined with the contemporary processes in the global economy.

Article is written in Ukrainan

Nosach I. V., Starchuk N. V., Liebiedieva D. O.
The Economic Competition in the Context of Global Information Capitalism (p. 32 - 38)

The article discloses the role and types of economic competition in the context of global information capitalism, which covers the developed countries of the world. The views on the formal basis of the development of society (negativity towards capitalism or its modification) are generalized, arguments of the authors of the article in favor of the latter are provided. The main driving forces of globalization, which leads to the formation of global competition as a new historical phenomenon, are specified. The principle of two competitions, socialization of capitalism as a method of competitive struggle of TNCs and a new tendency – monopolisation of markets are considered. Ukraine’s transition to a full-fledged capitalist market is critically analyzed. Features of current scientific research on the competition are presented. A modernized modification of the competition policy is suggested, the new direction of which in Ukraine should become, first of all, not the advocacy of competition, but a competitive higher school, in the course of political economy of which should be introduced post-industrial processes allowing Ukraine to accelerate the transition from the industrial market to the information post-industrial society.

Article is written in Ukrainan

Pasenko V. M., Kryshnia T. O.
The Goals of Sustainable Development as a Condition for Enhancing the International Competitiveness of Countries (p. 38 - 44)

The main aim of the article is studying and determining the dependence of competitive economy on strategic direction for sustainable development. Features of influence of indicators of sustainable development on enhancing of competitiveness of a country are analyzed. The article substantiates importance of the State’s orientation towards achieving the goals of sustainable comprehensive development as one of the vectors that facilitates the formation of a modern and sustainable competitive economy through the coordinated and systematic actions by the authorities, the private sector and the population to maintain and further increase of development indicators. The correlation field is used to illustrate the density of interaction and the straightness of the impact of the indicator of sustainable development on competitiveness.

Article is written in Ukrainan

Cherkas N. I., Chekh M. M., Vasylytsia O. B.
The Economic Modernization in the Global Value Chains (p. 45 - 50)

The article is aimed at researching the essence, mechanisms for and ways of achieving modernization of the domestic economy provided integration into the global value chains. Features of mechanisms for achievement of technological updating of production in different countries are analyzed. Several types of economic modernization are generalized, in particular production processes, products, functional processes and the inter-sectoral level. The contemporary regularities of the value-added formation and the principles of transition to production with high added value are systematized. Features of influence of global value chains on internal economy through transmission mechanisms are demonstrated. The carried out analysis shows that the positive impact of integration into the global value chains on the internal economy depends on the absorption capacity of the national companies. It is determined that the achievement of economic modernization in the global value chains depends on the macroeconomic and institutional environment that determine the efficiency of both foreign direct investment and netization.

Article is written in Ukrainan


Butenko N. V., Boguslavskyy O. V.
The Transformation of Competitive Relations in Conditions of Globalization (p. 32 - 38)

The article researches the basic directions of transformation of competitive relations in conditions of globalization. The theoretical contribution to the formation and development of the theory of competition and competitive advantages of representatives of behavioral, institutional, neoinstitutional and neo-classical directions of economic theory is analyzed. It is concluded that under the influence of globalization, such types of partnership relations as cooperation, сoevolution, consolidation become wide-spread. Preconditions of transition from the strategy of rivalry to the partnership relations are defined. The competitive advantages, which are obtained by business entities due to the development of partnership relations, are characterized. The authors provide examples of the world companies which reoriented their competitive strategies towards coopetition interaction; examples of strategic alliances, which are concluded by global competitors as a result of such interaction, are considered. The conceptual model of ensuring competitiveness of the national economy on the principles of transformation of competitive relations from rivalry to cooperation is proposed; the main competitive advantages associated with establishing long-term partnership relations are defined.

Article is written in Ukrainan

Kyzym M. O., Kramarev H. V., Ivanova O. Y., Khaustova V. Y.
The Theoretical Foundations of the Development of Global Value Chains (p. 39 - 50)

The article is aimed at defining, generalizing and systematizing the theoretical foundations of the development of global value chains (GVC). It is determined that the rapid development of modern technologies and the spread of globalization processes have led to transformational changes in the world economy, one of the key aspects of which was dissemination of the GVC. The genesis of development of the GVC theory and its basic conceptual apparatus are researched. The model of value chain and principles of its work are considered. Features and directions of countries’ participation in the global system of value chains are analyzed. The genesis of the GVC concept is generalized. The definition of the essence of the concept of «global value chain» is proposed, characterizations of its various types are considered. Forms of management of GVC and ways of organization of deliveries within their limits are defined. The advantages and risks of participating countries in the GVC are characterized. The main characteristics of research directions of global chains and networks are allocated. It is proved that researches of the theoretical foundations of functioning of GVC are important for determination of causal relations between peculiarities of development of economies of the world countries and the level of their participation in the GVC, and also are the basis of formation of both the State and international policy. The identified risks associated with the participation of companies and countries in the GVC should be taken into account when assessing the foreign economic security of the country, considering its inclusion in the value chains. It is particularly important to consider such risks in case of the countries with economies in transition, which include Ukraine.

Article is written in Ukrainan

Shaulska L. V., Usyk I. O.
Researching the Factors of Economic Cyclicity of Development of Ukraine in Conditions of Globalization (p. 51 - 58)

The article is aimed at researching the factors of economic cyclicity and identifying the regularities of the country’s development in conditions of globalization. The changes of indicators of economic cyclicity in the context of four states of socio-economic system and also the crisis dynamics of Ukraine are analyzed. The change of the economic indices for the world countries in 2008–2017 is explored. Discrepancies of the components of economic system of Ukraine in contrary to the needs of competitive development of advanced countries are defined. It is determined that trade and investment are the leaders of this period of economic recovery. According to the results of research on the economic cyclicity factors, the authors came to the conclusion that Ukraine is again on the verge of economic survival. However, despite considerable difficulties, the country retains the potential for recovery, and with accelerated reforms, changes in the public administration system, active involvement in global production and financial flows, etc. Ukraine will be able to take a worthy place in the world economy in a relatively short period. Prospect for further research in this direction is a substantiation of modeling the global economic cyclicity, and at the conceptual level there is a need to refine some concepts together with a logical use of them in practice.

Article is written in Ukrainan


Naumova M. A.
The Impact of Global Challenges on the Functioning of Labor Market (p. 40 - 49)

At any stage of the country’s socio-economic development, labor market is the most sensitive indicator of changing market conditions, a rapid response to the manifestations of macro-economic instability and turbulence of economy. Therefore, one of the priorities of the State policy in the sphere of employment of the population is the analysis and forecasting the status of labor market in the period of significant shifts in its established tendencies related to the rapid pace of globalization of the worldwide economy. The article is aimed at analyzing the impact of global challenges and the related risks on both the world and the national labor markets, defining the appropriate directions of the State policy and economic conditions for its effective functioning during the period of macro-economic instability. The topical global challenges influencing the current functioning and trajectories of development of both the worldwide and the national labor markets are systematized. The list of risks faced by the Ukrainian economy is provided. The directions of the State policy together with conditions for efficient adaptation of the population and economy of Ukraine in the period of macro-economic instability connected with the newest problems of mankind are formulated. The technologies, professions and skills that be most in demand in the future and be able to radically change the appearance of the world business in the coming years, are indicated and their advantages and the related problems are considered.

Article is written in Ukrainan


Tymoshenko O. V.
The Problems and Threats of the Fourth Industrial Revolution: Consequences for Ukraine (p. 21 - 29)

The article is concerned with researching the phenomenon of the Fourth Industrial Revolution, its impact on the development of society at the global level, systematizing its main challenges and possible consequences. The level of development of digital economy in Ukraine is analyzed, the role of Ukraine in the epoch of technological changes is indicated; the place of Ukraine among the world countries according to the global index of innovations is determined; the main factors of economic environment of Ukraine concerning its readiness for the Fourth Industrial Revolution are researched and the basic drivers of economic growth of Ukraine due to the efficient introduction of attributive principles of Industry 4.0 are substantiated. On the basis of the carried out theoretical-methodological research, it is concluded that Ukraine has sufficient potential to occupy a central place in the world in the sphere of information and communication technologies. Proposals as to minimization of negative influence of threats of the Fourth Industrial Revolution and efficient introduction of the concept of Industry 4.0 in Ukraine are formulated.

Article is written in Ukrainan

Shlapak A. V.
The Paradigmatic Bases of the Global Competitive Leadership (p. 30 - 36)

The article is aimed at defining the paradigmatic principles of the global competitive leadership. The dynamics of volumes of the world exports, clearly expressed in the growth rate of the world trade and growth rate of global gross domestic product, are displayed. The growth of capitalization of the world financial market is indicated, where diversification of the instrumental structure and increase of volumes of financial transactions are carried out by the economic agents of different national affiliation. The fundamental influence of technoglobalism on the expansion of sources of the competitive leadership of countries is indicated, which is manifested primarily in the intensification of the interstate scientific-technological exchange and the rapid interregional diffusion of the scientific-technological developments and innovations. Pointed out is the multidimensional influence of institutionalization on the mechanism of the competitive leadership of countries through active development of a branched system of supranational institutions of regulation of all subsystems together with the structural components of the world economy. A powerful consolidating influence on the processes of development of the global market system of the global market as such, global demand and supply is characterized. The vector orientation of providing competitive leadership of the countries with its reorientation from the national trajectory to the regional and global ones is analyzed. It is concluded that the global phase of the world economic development radically transforms all the constituent elements of the philosophy of development of competitive leadership.

Article is written in Ukrainan


Hybanova N. N., Klymova S. O.
Alterglobalism in the Conditions of Transformational Economy (p. 14 - 18)

In today’s world, the processes of globalization play a significant role and cause influence on all spheres of society’s living. The research analyzes the ambiguous impact of globalization on the world economy, the economic security of countries and the distribution of emerging economic benefits and threats. The negative phenomena caused by globalization give rise to a number of problems, such as the global unevenness of economic and social development, the deepening of the gap between commodity and financial markets, national and religious intolerance; the creation of a global network of criminal business and international terrorism; the loss of national identity, destruction of normal lifestyles, values, standardization of national cultures; the transnationalization of ecological, economic, technological problems, global nuclear catastrophe. Thus, there is a necessity to research the real perspective of the influence of the alterglobalism ideology on the further development of globalization.

Article is written in Ukrainan

Kalynovskyy A. O., Holomovzyy V. M., Kalynovska N. L., Luchyt L. V.
The Status and Prospects of Development of the World Aviation Industry and the Market of Services on Restoration of Aviation Equipment (p. 19 - 26)

The article is aimed at researching the development of the international aviation industry in the context of market development tendencies with the aim to elaborate forecasts as to the development of world-wide aircraft production. It is shown that the aviation industry is global because of the global demand, while the production and operation of aircrafts can provide a significant savings in terms of the scale. The peculiarity of the industry is its technological complexity, it forms a large value added, and uses innovative approaches. In addition, the industry is heavily dependent on the governmental and political support. It is stated that the world market of services for maintenance and recovery of commercial aircrafts is actively developing, in particular due to: obsoletion and the need to replace many passenger models, converting obsolete models into freight aircrafts, need for more energy efficient aircraft models.

Article is written in Ukrainan

Maksymenko I. A.
Development of the National Economy under the Influence of Global Tendencies (p. 26 - 31)

The article examines the problems of economic development of the national economy under the influence of modern global tendencies. The current status of economic development in Ukraine is analyzed in the context of implementation of the Strategy of sustainable development «Ukraine-2020», identifying several problems in this sphere. The place of Ukraine in the World Bank’s «Doing Business» rating and in the World’s Global Competitiveness Index according to the World Economic Forum calculations is displayed. The indicators of GDP per capita as to the purchasing power parity in accordance with calculations of the World Bank are analyzed, also the indicators of exports, imports, their commodity structure. The role of innovation in ensuring economic development is shown. The need for inclusive development is underlined. The complex task is formulated, which consists in the most efficient realization of own potential of the country, obtaining advantages from full cooperation with other world countries, and also leveling of negative effects from the impacts of global trends.

Article is written in Ukrainan


, Miroshnychenko T. M., Pysarevskyi M. I., Frunt I. B.
The Main Factors Influencing the Policy of Pricing for Gold in the Conditions of Financial Globalization of the World Markets (p. 21 - 27)

The publication is aimed at analyzing the gold market, defining the main factors that influence the pricing for gold, analyzing the world demand for gold. It is indicated that gold reflects the monetary and financial positions of the country and is one of the key indicators of its competitiveness; it is emphasized that the world gold market plays a special role in international finance; it is estimated how the world countries apply a variety of policies to form their gold reserves. The world gold market is analyzed for the time period of the last 10 years, identifying that the demand and supply of the yellow metal are constantly changing both structurally and functionally. Demand depends on the level of industrial development, the need for replenishment of gold and currency reserves of the State, speculative tendencies and generally tends to steady growth. The article covers the issues related to the world economic crisis, which started in 2008 and caused changes in all spheres of life: social, economic, political; which influenced development of the financial sector and the dynamics of both the world and national currencies, provoking instability both world-wide and in the scale of individual countries. In the crisis moments, gold is always an object of increased interest, being a risk-free and protected asset that has high liquidity. The conclusions can be drawn as follows: gold, in comparison with paper assets, remains a popular investment instrument and retains its significance for the States; the factors influencing the formation of gold prices are multifaceted and cover all aspects of the production, sale and consumption of gold. Currently the pricing for gold is being formed under the influence of political and financial factors.

Article is written in Ukrainan

Palamarchuk N. O.
The World Bank Group’s Role in the Implementation of Sustainable Development: Global Dimension (p. 28 - 33)

In the global context, realization of the conception of sustainable development requires consolidation of efforts of the world community by means of the global partnership, the formation of financial and intellectual resources at the world-wide level, and the development of projects and programs in order to address global problems in different regions of the world. One of the international institutions that promotes sustainable development is the World Bank Group. The article is aimed at researching and analyzing the World Bank Group’s role in the implementation of sustainable development in the world. The research provided for identifying the main directions of promoting sustainable development on the part of the World Bank Group, analyzing the group’s financing and crediting, and identifying the main programs and projects implemented by the Group in different regions of the world. Overall, the World Bank Group has accumulated considerable financial resources in recent years and has developed a special approach to the implementation of sustainable development. The analysis of implementation of projects and programs on introduction of sustainable development at the global level testifies to formation of an unique approach to each region of the world. The World Bank has ensured an effective combination of the universal directions of sustainable development and addressing the special problems of groups of countries around the world. Prospect for further research is a more thorough analyzing of regional problems and increasing the efficiency of solving them with the assistance of the World Bank.

Article is written in Ukrainan


Hrazhevska N. I., Shemakhina I. V.
Convergent and Divergent Development of National Economies in the Context of Financialization (p. 14 - 19)

The aim of the study is to identify the impact of financialization on convergent and divergent development of national economies. It is argued that convergence and divergence are two interrelated determinants of the development of the world economy. Based on the analysis of statistical data for the period 2000–2018, it is found that the high growth rates of the relative majority of less developed countries, compared to developed ones, confirm the hypothesis of ?-convergence of national economies and transformation of the world economy into a single structural and functional system. On the other hand, the implementation of the neoliberal model of globalization in the absence of an effective institutional and organizational streamlining of world economic processes deepens the gap between different groups of countries, increasing the divergence of national economies, as evidenced by the growing differentiation of countries in terms of per capita income, which does not support the hypothesis about ?-convergence. Under these circumstances, further institutional and organizational harmonization of the global economy, creation of effective national and international institutions and organizations, mitigating the contradictions of the financialization of the world economy and directing globalization processes towards the coordination of the interests of various groups of countries, are gaining importance.

Article is written in Ukrainan

Sevruk I. M., Tropynina A. S.
Competitiveness of the National Economy in the Context of Globalization (p. 20 - 28)

The aim of the article is to study the competitiveness of the national economy of Ukraine and factors influencing it, determine the position of the country in the world economic rankings, monitor the latest global trends and analyze their impact on the competitiveness of Ukraine in the context of globalization. The theoretical bases of the concept “competitiveness of the national economy” are defined, and factors and patterns of the country’s competitiveness in the global space are systematized. It is determined that innovation, technologies, and human potential are the driving forces of competition in the modern world. With regard to the international practice, it is concluded that the use of the index method, on the basis of which world competitiveness rankings are formed, is optimal. It is established that the most positive dynamics is observed in terms of the Ease of Doing Business Index. At the same time, other indices have a relatively moderate trend with a slight positive or negative deviation. Prospects for further research in this direction are the issues of optimizing national competitive advantages under the influence of global challenges, constant monitoring of the latest trends in the development of the world economy, and analysis of the impact of globalization processes on the formation of the country’s competitiveness.

Article is written in Ukrainan


Kosichenko I. I.
The Transnationalization of Business Activities in the Format of Determinants of Development of the Global Consulting Business (p. 21 - 26)

Aggravation of competition in all branches and sectors of the global economy objectively motivates business structures to constantly improve the quality of goods and services, improve the service, introduce new technological developments, optimization of production processes. With this in mind, the author discusses defining of the progressively stronger trend towards the gradual transformation of the process of natural interpersonal interaction for sharing of experience into a highly specialized form of providing specific professional services, which are known as consulting services. The globalizing determinant, which powerfully influences the dynamics of the global consulting business, is an active development of the processes of transnationalization of capital and production. The dynamic scale-up of the transnationalization of business activities causes the growing needs of corporate structures in: offshoring their financial and economic operations and choosing the offshore preferences; using instruments of the financial tax engineering; the legal and notary support for their offshore operations; optimizing the operating, investment and tax costs; consultative cooperation with the national tax authorities of countries of location of the subsidiaries (concluding tax agreements, negotiating); improving the efficiency of centralized management and the operational effectiveness of modernization of production; and also deepening the internal corporate division of labor in both the fragmented transnational networks and the global value chains. The synergistic effect of the indicated globalized determinants is the main mechanism for the formation in the first quarter of the 21st century of the global model of the world-wide market of consulting services, which demonstrates a fairly high growth rate of capitalization as a reflection of the steady growth in global demand for consulting services.

Article is written in Ukrainan


Pecheniuk A. P.
Implementing the National Ethnocultural Component of the Rural Tourism in the Face of Globalization Challenges (p. 57 - 62)

The article is aimed at forming an efficient marketing model for implementation of the ethnocultural component in the rural tourism in the face of globalization challenges. The research used method of comparison - to define the level of identity of civil society and the quality of education; method of systemic approach – when considering the ethnocultural component as a system consisting of a certain number of interconnected elements that, interacting, mould the tourist consciousness; method of scientific abstraction - in the selection of typical connections in the researched phenomena, allowing to form in a generalized way the directions and criteria for the development of tourism activities. The general tendencies of world development are defined. Features of the national-cultural identification in the face of globalization challenges are determined. Approaches to formation of the ethnocultural component of the nation and its individual constituents are researched. The level of national identity of citizens from the view of their openness to tourism activities is identified. It is determined that Ukrainian society as a whole does not have clearly defined national guidelines. The need to form the tourist consciousness of citizens and the implementation of the national ethnocultural component in the rural tourism are substantiated. Several constituents of the ethnocultural component and the basis for their formation are suggested. A model of interaction between subjects of the rural tourism in terms of the specified base is developed, which will contribute to formation of the conception of development of the rural tourism, which should be basically oriented towards the cognitive ethnocultural needs of consumers. Prospect for further research in this direction is the development of methodical and evaluation parameters for defining the efficiency of the proposed measures.

Article is written in Ukrainan


Semenova K. D., Tarasova K. I.
Global Economic Risks and the Problem of Economic Security of the State (p. 38 - 43)

The article is aimed at analyzing the problem of global risks of modern era. Using the data obtained by experts from the World Economic Forum for 2017-2019, the authors found the five most dangerous global risks in terms of both the likelihood of an occurrence and the scale of the impact. The research identifies tendencies in changing global risks over recent years. It is specified that the main risks are found in the sphere of environment, ecology and technological security (cyber-risks). The emphasis is placed on researching global economic risks. The main factors of global economic risk are: the trade war between the United States and China; the large burden of the U.S. corporate debt; the crisis status of the markets in developing countries; China’s weak macroeconomic policy; cyberwarfare, as well as Italy’s political and financial instability. Prospects for further research in this direction is an analysis of geopolitical and technological risks, which increase economic risks, as well as prediction of the probability of a particular economic risk in both short- and medium-term.

Article is written in Ukrainan

Bondarevska K. V.
International Migration of Labor Force: Status, Problems, Prospects (p. 44 - 49)

The article defines present-day tendencies in international migration in the context of globalization, features of the current status of international migration processes and substantiates prospects for their development, taking into account the world’s globalization trends. The positive and negative effects of migration on both donor countries and countries-recipients of labor force are considered. As result of the research, the general tendencies of international migration in today’s environment are examined, in particular: changes in geographical structure, increase in the volume of high-skilled migration and educational migration, intensification of illegal migration processes and migration corridors, spread of migratiocenose, the growing influence of transnational business on the dynamics and structure of international labor force migration. Among the directions of possible solutions to migration problems are defined the following: revision and creation of inter-State agreements of donor countries with recipient countries; formation of specialized migration exchanges (so-called «labor exchanges»); activation of cooperation between governments and the International Organization for Migration; spread of the grant system in the context of development of educational migration, reducing the outflow of intellectual potential; monitoring and forecasting migration processes. Prospects for further research in this direction is defining tendencies in the development of the most «problematic» migration phenomena, including illegal migration and migration of highly skilled professionals to industrially and innovatively developed countries, as well as substantiation of ways to improve the migration situation in the countries with mass emigration and immigration.

Article is written in Ukrainan


Kobylianska A. V.
Network Modes of Global Economic Governance in Conditions of Neo-Integration: Mega-Regional Unions and Global Value Networks (p. 54 - 60)

Global economic growth nowadays provides for the inalienable coexistence of different integration processes at micro- and mega-levels, which simultaneously take network forms, respectively representing the network mechanisms of global economic governance per se. The article is aimed at researching the holisticism of modern integration processes from the perspective of global value networks (GVN) and mega-integration as forms of neo-integration, as well as evaluating the relationship between the degree of inclusion of countries in GVN and an increase in the number of regional trade agreements (RTA) as proxy processes for neo-regional integration. Based on the work of a number of authors, plus a group of ОECD experts, the article analyzes the preconditions of neo-integration from the view of the emergence and functioning of GVN and mega-regional integration unions. The carried out analysis shows that the processes of neo-integration in the global economy at the micro- and mega-levels are congruent. For example, mega-regional integration, as well as the formation and distribution of global value networks, are interconnected phenomena, while the proliferation of GVN precedes mega-integration processes. The dynamics of China’s inclusion in the GVN is more in line with the development of integration processes in the global economy, which is reflected in the high level of correlation between the indicators researched. Further research should relate to the analysis of individual mega-regional unions and the related networks in order to study in more detail the general phenomenon of network neo-integration and its mega-regional characteristics.

Article is written in Ukrainan


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