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 REGISTRATION CERTIFICATE

KV #19905-9705 PR dated 02.04.2013.

 FOUNDERS

KHARKIV NATIONAL ECONOMIC UNIVERSITY, UKRAINE

RESEARCH CENTRE FOR INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT PROBLEMS of NAS (KHARKIV, UKRAINE)

 PUBLISHER

INZHEK PUBLISHING HOUSE (KHARKIV, UKRAINE)

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Annotated catalogue (2011)

Annotated catalogue (2012)

Annotated catalogue (2013)

Annotated catalogue (2014)

Annotated catalogue (2015)

Annotated catalogue (2016)

Annotated catalogue (2017)

Annotated catalogue (2018)

Annotated catalogue (2019)

Annotated catalogue (2020)

Annotated catalogue (2021)

Annotated catalogue (2022)

Thematic sections of the journal

Proceedings of scientific conferences



Mechanisms of Regulation of the Economy

BUSINESS INFORM №1-2011

Tyupa D. I.
Economic Theories of Financial Behaviour of Households and the Economic Crisis in Ukraine (p. 4 - 7)

In article the interrelation between evolution of development of economic theories of financial behaviour of household and model of behaviour of the consumer in Ukraine is shown. The scheme of multilevel rational interaction large, average and a small-scale business in Ukraine is constructed.

Article is written in Russian


BUSINESS INFORM №2-2011, Vol.1

Bernatskiy P. Y.
Definition of Problems of Government Administration in the Sphere of Counteraction Against Corruption in Ukraine (p. 123 - 125)

Comparison of Ukraine with other countries in world ratings allowed to define the problems of government administration in the sphere of counteraction against corruption.

Article is written in Russian


BUSINESS INFORM №3-2011

Fedosieienko I. G., Shtern G. Y.
Assessment of Efficiency of State Support of Development of National Economy (p. 3 - 5)

The article explores the problems of evaluating the effectiveness of the most efficient mechanism of regulation of enterprises of the national economy – government support. Indeed, because of limited budgetary resources to the state task most effectively use them in all spheres of national economy.

Article is written in Ukrainan


Kapliienko M. V.
Formation of Leverage of State Regulation of Economy With Due Regard For the Influence of Participants of Industrial Production (p. 5 - 10)

The article considers the ways of formation of state economy regulations in accordance with interaction between participants of industrial production. The substantiation of cause-and-effect relation between participants of industrial production has been carried out. The influence of ways of the state economy regulations on the economy development of Ukraine has been defined.

Article is written in Ukrainan


BUSINESS INFORM №4-2011

Bestuzheva S.
The Features of Modern Geoeconomic Model of Development of Ukraine (p. 4 - 7)

The theoretic-methodological aspects of development of world economy under the globalization influence are probed in the article. The necessity of perfection of existent geoeconomic model of Ukraine is grounded.

Article is written in Russian


Matyushenko I. Y.
The Correlation of Global Human Problems, Science and Technique Priorities and Ukraine’s National Projects (p. 7 - 11)

The global human problems and special problems of Ukraine were considered. The comparison of science and technique priorities which were define for Ukraine’s lows in 1992,2001 and 2010 were provided. The correlation of global human problems, science and technique priorities and Ukraine’s national projects were carried out.

Article is written in Ukrainan


Kozhemyakina S. M.
Determination of Deposit of the Labour Productivity in Economy Growing of Ukraine (p. 11 - 14)

In the article the methodical questions of determination of holdings of the productivity of factors of production are examined in the economy growing. To the factors of height of GDP belong the labour productivity, productivity of capital and combined factor productivity. Approbation of the worked out methodical approaches is carried out.

Article is written in Russian


BUSINESS INFORM №5-2011, Vol.1

Kovalevskiy D. V.
Macroeconomic Dynamics Modeled in SDEM-2: Can Self-Interested Business Prefer Stagnatioin to Growth? (p. 14 - 17)

The growth of a closed economy driven by conflict of interests of two model actors, employers (business) and employees (wage-earners), is modeled in an upgraded version of the Structural Dynamic Economic Model (SDEM-2). System dynamic and optimization model setups are considered. It is shown that self-interested business striving to optimize its utility can choose a strategy leading to stagnation.

Article is written in English


Kalyuzhniy V. V., Mozenkov O. V.
Methodology of Creation of Macroeconomic Models with Regulated Parameters of Economic Growth (p. 18 - 20)

The article deals with the new methodology of creation of basic macroeconomic model with regulated parameters of economic growth with the help of which it is possible to substantiate effective state policy of stabilization.

Article is written in Russian


Kulyk V. V.
Modern Problems of Improvement of State Regulation of Socio-Economic Processes (p. 21 - 23)

The study deals with modern problems of improvement of state regulation of processes of reproduction of socio-economic systems. It suggests that the study and state regulation of socio-economic processes be done within basic stages of reproduction of nation.

Article is written in Ukrainan


Cherkashyna M. V., Naumenko M. O.
The management organization competitive behavior of the integrated corporate structure (p. 23 - 26)

We propose a formalization and particularly competitive conduct integrated business entities. Competitiveness is presented as a dynamic response. The level of corporate structures competitiveness is viewed as adjustment level of economic security vital participants in corporate structures

Article is written in Russian


Shapovalov A. V., Oglikh V. V.
Modeling of Processes of Unshadowing of Economy of Ukraine on the Basis of Tax Policy (p. 26 - 29)

The article deals with the problem of shadow economy growth, reveals the peculiarities of mechanisms of economic development. It suggests imitation and optimization mathematical model of economic growth and improvement of well-being of population by way of minimization of unpaid taxes in the period of transformational reorganization of open multisector economy.

Article is written in Ukrainan


BUSINESS INFORM №6-2011

Kolyada Y. Y., Klebanova T. S., Grafov V. V., Mikhalkina N. V.
Geopolitical Characteristics and Economic Indicators of State Development (p. 4 - 7)

For the first time the mathematical apparatus of multidimensional statistical analysis and factor analysis, in particular, was used for the study of economic regularities of state development. The article considers the connection of geopolitical characteristics and economic indicators of states. The established regularities are confirmed by historic facts of development dynamics of various countries.

Article is written in Russian


Suprunova I. V.
Energy Security of Ukraine: Problems and Prospects (p. 7 - 10)

The article studies the peculiarities of energy security of the state and outlines the main ways of overcoming problems of realization of energy policy of Ukraine.

Article is written in Russian


Levchenko O. M., Sytnik O. Y.
Social partnership reformation as a factor of social-economic Ukraine’s development (p. 10 - 16)

In the article development of social partnership status is analysed in Ukraine, out-lined lacks of his functioning. Recommendations are resulted in relation to stimulation of development of social partnership.

Article is written in Ukrainan


BUSINESS INFORM №7-2011, Vol.1

Lepa R. N., Turlakova S. S.
Reasons of Manifestation of Schooling Habit in Economy (p. 7 - 9)

The causes manifestations of herd behavior in the economy.

Article is written in Russian


BUSINESS INFORM №7-2011, Vol.2

Bidik A. G.
Basic Characteristics and Conditions of the Use of Instruments of Customs Regulation of Transmission of Goods (p. 6 - 9)

The article presents the basic characteristic features and based on principle difference between customs-tariff and non-tariff instruments of customs regulation of the traffic of goods, suggests the conditions of flexible and complex use of customs regulators in realisation of customs policy.

Article is written in Ukrainan


Stryzhychenko K. A.
Megaregulators as One of the Ways  of Overcoming the Crisis (p. 10 - 12)

The article considers the basic models of regulation of financial markets. It shows that the process of creation of megaregulator is irreversible at this conjuncture process which harmonically fits into the general process of development of regulation of financial market. But limitations which exist in Ukraine prolong this process indefinitely.

Article is written in Russian


Goridko N. P.
Assessment of Boundary Propensity to Consume and Savings in Modern Economy of Ukraine (p. 12 - 15)

The models of marginal propensities to consumption and saving for the Ukrainian economy in a period before the financial crisis and from 2000 till 2009 are built in this paper. There were executed estimation of models and interpretation of their parameters, there were done conclusions that characterize an economic situation in the country.

Article is written in Ukrainan


BUSINESS INFORM №8-2011

Kuchumova I. Y.
Government Regulation of the National Economy in a Global Competitive Environment (p. 4 - 8)

In the article the basic problems of government influence on competitive enterprise with the help of government purchases. Certainly of national economic interests regarding export products of national.

Article is written in Ukrainan


Zobenko N. G.
Influence of Globalization on the System of State Regulation of Food Market in Ukraine (p. 9 - 12)

The article presents the review of basic functions of international organizations, which determine the functioning of global food markets. It suggests the ways of improving the system of state regulation of food market in Ukraine.

Article is written in Russian


BUSINESS INFORM №9-2011

Komarova O. A.
New going near organizational-economic mechanism of forming of educational potential of society (p. 16 - 20)

Essence of organizational-economic mechanism of forming of educational potential of society is exposed in the article. Levels and elements of this mechanism, wrap-round functioning of educational industry in full are described. Functions, methods and forms of government control of processes of forming of educational potential of society, are grounded.

Article is written in Russian


Pavlenko N. V.
The problems of development of large business in the economy of Ukraine (p. 21 - 23)

In the article the basic modern problems of large business development in the economy of Ukraine are considered, the roots of these problems are determined. The ways of improvement of its operating conditions are offered.

Article is written in Ukrainan


BUSINESS INFORM №10-2011

Levkovets O. M.
The modernization of Ukrainian economy: essence, conditions, risks (p. 4 - 9)

The theoretical and methodological approaches to the essence of economy modernization in Ukraine were summarized. The conditions for realization of the modernization project were determined. The essence and the characteristics for the technological modernization of economy according to acting programme documents were identified. The main risks of the project were defined.

Article is written in Ukrainan


Nikiforova O. V., Iastrebova G. S.
Approaches to Modeling and Forecasting of Cyclic Indicators of Development of Socio-Economic System (p. 9 - 13)

The article does the comparative research of indicators of cyclic development of socio-economic system for disclosing the conditions of demonstration of crises. It analyses the approaches to modeling of cyclic indicators for revealing the most suitable from the point of view of forecasting recessive phases of the cycle.

Article is written in Russian


BUSINESS INFORM №11-2011

Wackowski K. S., Gordienko L. Y.
Competitiveness of Poland enterprises: factors and tools (p. 14 - 16)

The essence of competitiveness of the enterprise is uncovered. Complex representation of the factors influencing the competitiveness of modern enterprises is pointed. Examples of state support of innovative Polish companies and organizations aimed at improving their competitiveness are presents.

Article is written in Russian


Tarnavska N. P.
Global Challenges for Institutions of Competition Regulation (p. 17 - 19)

The essential characteristics of modern international business are outlined. It is grounded the expedience and the need for revision of the system of regulatory impacts on the global competitive environment. The role of supranational institutions in the regulation of competitive environment is outlined.

Article is written in Ukrainan


Kondratenko N. O., Taraday V. N.
Principles of forming and implementing public resource policy (p. 20 - 23)

The basis of the formation and implementation of a state resource-saving policy are examined. It is determined that under the proposed resource management scheme, provided a link control of directional orders and resolutions of the regional government, based on specific resource on specific industrial enterprises regionally and industrial holding company of mixed type. The feedbacks provide interaction of system elements through resource-saving agency, comparing regional and private interests with public policy.

Article is written in Ukrainan


Danilov О. D., Paientko T. V.
Factors of providing of competitiveness of national economy (p. 24 - 26)

The article is sanctified to the problems of providing of competitiveness of national economy. Basic obstacles are certain to the increase of level of competitiveness of economy and the ways of their overcoming are outlined. The factors of providing of competitiveness of economy of Ukraine are educed.

Article is written in Ukrainan


Zelenko O. O., Radchenko L. P.
Problems of definition of business activity in Ukraine (p. 26 - 28)

The article reviews the experience definition of business activity on the example of countries in Europe. The ways of raising awareness about current state of the national economy.

Article is written in Ukrainan


Nikiforova V. A.
The main directions of state regulation in the world steel industry in post crisis period (p. 28 - 30)

The features, priorities and main directions of state regulation of the strategic development of the metallurgical industry the major countries and regions of metal producers in post-crisis period are identified.

Article is written in Russian


Novikova N. L.
The combination of the economic interests of of business entities (p. 30 - 32)

In the article the considered questions of combination of the contradictory interests of subjects of menage. Selected stages of connection of interests.

Article is written in Ukrainan


Pirog O. V.
Strategic perspectives of economic development of ukrainian national economy (p. 32 - 34)

The paper is outlined the strategic prospects of economic development of national economy of Ukraine at the longer term, taking into account current trends and external factors.

Article is written in Ukrainan


Skrypnyk N. Y.
Problems of sustainable steady of national entities in a global intensification of integration processes (p. 34 - 37)

Monitoring of the state and dynamics of development of primary links of economic complex of country is carried out in time and space, character of changes is set in the environment of subjects. Reasons of destructions are discovered in providing of steady development of enterprise at different levels of management.

Article is written in Ukrainan


Tsybulskaya E. I., Mykolenko O. P.
Investigation of the effect of initial conditions for the development of institutional change in countries with economies in transition into the era of globalization (p. 37 - 39)

The paper aims to analyze the influence of the structural properties of the economic system on the institutional change in the countries with transforming economies in the globalization era. The conclusion reached in this paper is that the development of economic institutions is highly dependent on the initial conditions of the economic system.

Article is written in Russian


BUSINESS INFORM №12-2011

Dudin M. M.
Effect of Shadow Economy in Ukraine on its Economic Security (p. 4 - 14)

Proposed and analyzed the mechanism of influence of the shadow economy in Ukraine in its economic security. The factors influence the shadow economy on the economic security of Ukraine. Proved possible to construct a structural VAR- model of the influence of the shadow economy on the economic security of Ukraine.

Article is written in Ukrainan


Babich D. V., Kasyanova A. A.
Analysis of the National Markets Monopolization in the Formation of Competitive Environment and National Security in Ukraine (p. 14 - 16)

In the article there are examined the problems of effective government control of monopolistic processes in the Ukrainian economy, the methods of monopoly foundation and methods of its prevention for the expansion of laissez-faire spheres and for the increase of economic security of transactors.

Article is written in Ukrainan


Grygorova-Berenda L. I.
Basic Provisions of the State Program of Enterprise Export Support (p. 16 - 23)

In article experience of the state support of export in the different countries of the world is considered. The Ukrainian legislation on this question is analyzed and directions its improvement are defined. Recommendations about working out of a complex government program of support of export activity of domestic commodity producers are offered.

Article is written in Ukrainan


Volyk I. М., Gromyka N. K.
Anti-recessionary programs in Ukraine and in other countries of the world (p. 236 - 241)

In article anti-recessionary programs which were spent by the governments of the countries of the world and Ukraine are analyzed. Results of their influence on economy are investigated. Conclusions concerning efficiency of introduction of anti-recessionary actions in Ukraine are offered.

Article is written in Ukrainan


BUSINESS INFORM №1-2012

Kupriyanova V. S., Matyushenko I. Y.
Target-oriented approach to the state support of helicopter-building in Ukraine (p. 4 - 7)

Article is devoted to theoretical generalization of the state support for the production of helicopters in Ukraine using program-target method of control.

Article is written in Ukrainan


Mostepaniuk A. V.
Analysis of global experience of public-pri­vate partnership development and problems of its adaptation in Ukraine (p. 186 - 190)

A public-private partnerships experience in developed and de­veloping countries studied. Determined the basic directions and given practical recommendations for further development of PPP in Ukraine.

Article is written in Ukrainan


BUSINESS INFORM №2-2012

Parkhomenko N. O., Danich V. N.
The forecasting of the financial crisis as tools of future competitive advantage (p. 27 - 29)

The sequence of the process of forecasting of the financial crisis in the enterprise are presented. The characteristics of each the stages of forecasting of the financial crisis are proposed. The feasibility forecasting of the onset of the financial crisis in order to ensure competitive advantage are identified.

Article is written in Ukrainan


Rabia A. Abdullah
M. I. Tugan-Baranovski’s Theory of Cycles and its Significance for Overcoming World Economic Crisis in Ukraine (p. 29 - 31)

The role of innovations in overcoming the crises phenomenon on the materials of the author’s research of the works by M. I. Tugan-Baranovsky, N.D.Kondratiev, S. Kuznets and others is shown in the article. The author’s proposals suggest the differentiation of the government regulation of the energy sector over the phases of major cycles.

Article is written in Russian


BUSINESS INFORM №3-2012

Denischuk P. M., Timofeev V. O.
The evolution of the use of information technologies and systems in the higher school (p. 17 - 19)

The dialectic of evolution of the functional capabilities of information systems on the example of the history of the automation of management in higher educational institutions for the last 50 – 60 years is traced. Forecast of development of these systems for the nearest period is proposed.

Article is written in Ukrainan


Akbari Nezhad Ali-Reza, Krasikov V. N.
Private analysis of government influence on the economy of country (p. 20 - 23)

The paper presents particular analysis results of economic situation in country consumer market based on data from site of Ukrainian state committee of statistics. The research basis is the term «home production» in the framework of consumer behavior theory with taking into account multiple goals determined by function of its usefulness, where economic behavior of rational subject allows accepting it as a model of state economics. Numerical analysis is carried out using regression models and correlation analysis. The obtained plots are used for making conclusions.

Article is written in Russian


Guzhva V. M., Shyronosova I. V.
Application of identification technologies in system for tracking the movement of excisable goods (p. 23 - 25)

The article discusses technologies of automatic identification of excisable goods, which are recommended to use in the track and trace system. Advantages of their application and relation to multiagent technology are exposed.

Article is written in Ukrainan


BUSINESS INFORM №5-2012

Onyschenko V. O., Kryvoshey V. M.
The State Support Mechanisms of Science ang Production Integration: International Experience and Ukrainaian Realities (p. 38 - 42)

The direct and indirect methods of state regulation of both scientific and technological, and innovative development, applying in developed countries, have been investigated. The operating practice of scientific and technological parks as important forms of science and industry integration has been considered. The main instruments of scientific and industrial development stimulation, which should be introduced in Ukraine, have been determined.

Article is written in Ukrainan


Chichkalo–Kondratska I. B., Radchenko L. M.
The Development of Export Potential of Region in the Context of a Deep Free Trade Agreement Between Ukraine and the EU Conclusion (p. 42 - 46)

The nature of export activities between the EU and Ukraine, in particular by product and cost characteristics, has been investigated. The latest trends in trade policy of EU that affect the negotiations on the FTA + have been revealed and a SWOT-analysis of the consequences of its conclusion has been completed. A comparison of the export potential of Ukraine's regions in the EU market has been conducted.

Article is written in Ukrainan


BUSINESS INFORM №6-2012

Bolduyeva O. V.
Methodological Approaches to the Analysis of Stock Market Development in the Context of Institutional Changes (p. 28 - 31)

The article summarizes the main structural characteristics of the stock market and built structural logic circuit analysis and its system of generalized parameters of its operation. This logic circuit analysis can be used at different levels of international securities markets – international, national, regional.

Article is written in Ukrainan


BUSINESS INFORM №8-2012

Gritsenko L. L.
Actual directions of development the instruments of investment coordination between state and business (p. 31 - 35)

The world experience of implementation the models of financial flows distribution in context of realization of investment projects within public-private partnership as a component of state investment policy is systematized. The modification of financial flow distribution models and regulatory actions between participants of public-private partnership in context of effective organization state and private sector cooperation within realization state investment policy are developed by the author.

Article is written in Ukrainan


Dykha M. V.
Current Status, Trends and Priorities of Social-Economic Development of Ukraine (p. 35 - 39)

The article investigates the current state, trends and priorities for economic and social development of Ukraine.

Article is written in Ukrainan


BUSINESS INFORM №9-2012

Antonenko O. I.
Question of essence and consequences of sovereign default (p. 74 - 76)

The nature and essence of sovereign default are defined, foreign experience of the possible consequences of default announcement is considered, the current situation of the national debt in Ukraine is analyzed.

Article is written in Ukrainan


Ivanova O. Y.
Features of the budgetary stimulation of development of real sector of economy (p. 77 - 80)

In article the considered features of the budgetary regulation, support and stimulation of real sector of economy. The main forms, methods and instruments of the budgetary stimulation of real sector, feature of their application in Ukraine, advantages and shortcomings are analyzed. Need of development of the effective mechanism of the budgetary stimulation is proved.

Article is written in Ukrainan


Kerimov Elsevar Nariman ogly
Problems of Development of Economic Entities in the Republic of Azerbaijan (p. 81 - 84)

In the article were systematized and analyzed the problems of economic entities in the Republic of Azerbaijan. Particular attention is paid to economic and legal foundations, as well as trends in education and development, assessing their status in the region. Substantiates the main directions of development of small and medium-sized businesses, as well as commercial production companies in the country.

Article is written in Russian


Kislyi V. N., Kubatko V. V.
The influence of shadow economy sector on competitiveness of national economy (p. 84 - 88)

The paper deals with the analysis of the rise of informal sector and the character of its composition. The influence of informal sector on the composition and the character of the national economy is discussed.

Article is written in Ukrainan


Sitnikova N. P.
Strategic planning of development and social processes (p. 88 - 91)

In the article approaches of strategic planning aimed at social inclusion are considered. Also it presents an overview of contemporary social processes and trends in the area of inequality alleviation, poverty reduction and overcoming social exclusion.

Article is written in Ukrainan


BUSINESS INFORM №10-2012

Bay S. I., Yatsyshina K. V.
Government-Science-Business Collaboration: Problems and Solutions (p. 6 - 11)

The article analyzes the current state of technology transfer and cooperation between universities and enterprises-employers in Ukraine. The urgency of cooperation between government, science and business in the innovation sphere is proved. A new way of cooperation in the triad government-science-business is proposed.

Article is written in Ukrainan


Fedulova L. I., Yanenkova I. G.
Organization of Cooperation of Participants of Process of Management Innovative Development of Economy (p. 12 - 16)

In the article a question is considered in relation to the role of organizational resource in a management innovative activity and the model of co-operation of the indicated resource is offered within the limits of the national innovative system; its description and ways of practical introduction is exposed.

Article is written in Ukrainan


Shtal T. V., Dobroskok I. B.
Elements of the mechanism of the interaction subject in channel of the marketing (p. 17 - 22)

In article are considered theoretical and methodical aspects of the use of marketing the interaction when marketing system management of the enterprise. The main attention is spared separation mechanism element of the interaction subject (the business structures) in channel of the marketing, building to models of the interpersonal interaction subject systems of the marketing, by separations level cooperation business-subject. Given feature organizing strategy, chosen with provision for nature and dynamic of the interaction in channel of the marketing.

Article is written in Russian


Bolotnaya O. V., Larіna T. F.
The Policy of Import Substitution as a Factor of Competitiveness of Economy of Ukraine (p. 23 - 25)

This article analyzes the macroeconomic parameters of the import substitution policy in Ukraine in the context of improving its competitiveness with an emphasis on the dialectical relationship of common indicators of competitiveness of the problems of developing the marketing concept by national producers of goods.

Article is written in Ukrainan


Danilov О. D., Paientko T. V.
The Informal Sector of the Economy as a Factor in Lowering the Competitiveness of the National Economy (p. 26 - 29)

The essence of the informal sector of the economy and the risk of its occurrence are discovered in the article. The volume of the informal sector of the economy in Ukraine is calculated. The role of the informal sector of the economy in narrowing the financial basis for ensuring the competitiveness of the national economy is opened.

Article is written in Ukrainan


Melnyk A. О.
Adaptation of domestic enterprises in the global economic crisis (p. 30 - 32)

In this paper the essence of adaptation and expediency of its application in the management of domestic enterprises in the global economic crisis. Definition of theoretical principles of the use of adaptation as a management technology, namely, goals, objectives, functions, principles and tools.

Article is written in Ukrainan


Teryoshkina N. Y.
Prerequisites and trends define the mechanisms strategy of innovative development of Ukraine (p. 33 - 39)

The article presents the main problems in formation and development of Ukrainian innovative economy. Importance and necessity of use of modern methodology of strategic management at the state level is proved. The main mechanisms which should be a basis for development and realization of strategy of Ukrainian innovative development are defined.

Article is written in Ukrainan


Tymoshenkov I. V.
Economic Principles of Implementing the Education Code of Ukraine (p. 39 - 42)

In the paper the prospects of using the economic analysis of law for solving problems of the development and improvement of the education system of Ukraine are analyzed. The urgency of the implementation of the Education Code of Ukraine is grounded. The main condition for overcoming the barriers to the introduction of the Code, specifically - building a coalition of interests of actors of the education system is formulated.

Article is written in Ukrainan


Rud A. I.
Impact of the Energy Consumption on GDP of the World Economy Dynamics in the Context of the Formation of Energy-Efficient Strategy of Ukraine development (p. 43 - 47)

The understanding of such key indicators of the state's energy independence as "power consumption", "energy efficiency", "energy conservation" is broadened and deepened in the article. The relationship of the energy consumption increasing with the dynamics per capita GDP in the world is shown. The recommendations for improvement of the Methodology for determination of power consumption of the product output (works, services) and gross domestic product are proposed.

Article is written in Russian


Tkachenko A. V.
The Shadow Economy and its Influence on the Economic System (p. 47 - 51)

The article is analyzed the consequences of increasing the shadow sector of of the economic system. The reasons of tax evasion are investigated in the article. Proposals for an effective tax system, which would, in particular, contributed to weakening the informal sector of economic system are developed.

Article is written in Ukrainan


BUSINESS INFORM №11-2012

Lepeyko T. I., Shmatko N. M.
Manifestations Features of Synergy’s Effects in Ukrainian Economy (p. 6 - 8)

In this paper proposed the concept of synergy and «synergetic economy», given the differences between the economy and the synergetic traditional Ukrainian economy, analyze the types of synergies in Ukraine, suggested two ways of measuring the synergistic effect of the initial concepts disclosed synergies and operational synergies and the cases in which they appear.

Article is written in Ukrainan


Pogorletskiy A. I.
Tax Climate of Russia: Influence on the Competitiveness of Business Subjects (p. 9 - 16)

The article deals with tax component of international competitiveness of Russian business subjects – tax residents. The author makes account of strong and weak sides of Russian tax climate for business development as well as compares levels of tax burden and rates of basic taxes in Russia and in the number of foreign countries. The recommendations for the Russian tax climate improving are given.

Article is written in Russian


Bielikova N. V.
The Financial and Economic Crisis and the Consumer Society: Socio-economic Aspects in Ukraine (p. 17 - 20)

The article is devoted to the basic theory for the origin of the financial and economic crises and the factors of their forming. Presents the main features of the consumer society in the world and in Ukraine, as well as the influence of the global financial-economic crisis on the development of a consumer society in Ukraine.

Article is written in Ukrainan


Geseleva N. V.
Development of Innovation: a Systematic Self-organization Approach (p. 20 - 24)

The article considers the key elements of the research of synergistic concept on the socio-economic systems. The usefulness of the systematic self-organization approach to the analysis of innovation processes because of their nonlinearity, stochasticity, ambiguity is grounded. The development cycle of innovation, the dynamics of their change and realization the targeted implementation of innovation are investigated.

Article is written in Ukrainan


Reikin V. S.
Determinants of Shadow Economy Fnnctioning and Distributing (p. 25 - 29)

This article is about phenomenon of shadow economy, the main reasons of existing and distributing shadow economic activities in the market conditions are given, their national specific features are determined. Necessity of using complex approach in the scientific researches, which is conditioned by various and polysystem determinants of the shadow economy origin, is proved.

Article is written in Ukrainan


Zirko Y. V.
State Regulation of Economy: Ways to Increase Employment (p. 29 - 32)

This article proposes criteria to the evaluation of structural unemployment and measures of state regulation of the economy in order to increase employment and reduce structural unemployment. Results of the study suggest that the disparities that exist in the labor market made ??it necessary to strengthen the active role of the state in regulating the social and economic system of the country.

Article is written in Ukrainan


BUSINESS INFORM №12-2012

Kyzym M. O., Fedenko G. M.
The Theory and Practice of an Assessment of Priority and Productivity of the State Target Programs in Ukraine (p. 6 - 13)

In article the program and target method in management of economy, its essence, the purposes, the principles, tasks is considered. The content of categories the investment program, the budgetary program, the target program is defined. The purpose, conditions and order of development of the state target programs are considered. Shortcomings of modern practice of development and deployment of target programs of Ukraine are investigated. The directions of increase of efficiency of distribution and use of the budgetary resources in the country are considered. The standard legislative base on development of target programs, on their control and an efficiency assessment is analysed. The positive moments and shortcomings of the domestic legislation of this sphere are defined. Theoretical development of scientists concerning indicators and criteria of productivity of the state target programs is analysed. General-theoretical methods of an assessment of efficiency of programs are allocated. Need of development of a technique of ranging of target programs on priority of their financing from the state budget, and also improvement of process of formation of the list of priority programs is proved.

Article is written in Ukrainan


Arkhireiska N. V.
Planning of Personnel Potential of Customs Organs in Ukraine: the Problems of Today (p. 14 - 17)

The article deals with the main problems associated with the planning personnel potential in terms of reforming the customs service of Ukraine. The article describes the changes in the current legislation in the context of the study subjects; the analysis of the rate of increase of customs payments to the state budget and the cost of the customs bodies of Ukraine; the dependence between corruption in customs and wages. The article describes the improvement staff capacity customs bodies.

Article is written in Ukrainan


Kornivska V. О.
Long-Term Development Paradigm as a Condition of Counter Global Liquidity: in the Context of the Ukrainian Economy (p. 18 - 22)

This paper presents the results of the study of endogenous development conditions of Ukraine describing the possibility of forming a long-term paradigm of economic development based on the sustainable investment climate of a strategic nature, which will be the mainstay of the shocks caused by the circulation of global liquidity.

Article is written in Russian


Oksenenko S. P.
Development of National Monopolies on the Example of Enterprises of Communal Sphere (p. 23 - 26)

This article explores the example of monopolies in the utilities specifics of state regulation and functioning of national monopolies in the modern conditions of social and economic development of economy of Ukraine. It was investigate the current trends of the national economy based on the analysis of global monopoly on the example of housing and communal services.

Article is written in Ukrainan


Prushkovskaya E. V.
Employment After the Crisis: the National Dimension (p. 27 - 31)

This article investigates the problem of employment in the pre-crisis and post-crisis period. It is given characteristic of productive employment through economic activity of the population by sex, age, level of labor productivity and unemployment. It was identified disparities of branch and sectoral composition of employment in the economy of Ukraine. It is emphasizes the need for a technological breakthrough in the national economy to improve the state of employment.

Article is written in Ukrainan


Esmanov A. N.
Reformation of State Financial Revision in Ukraine (p. 32 - 34)

The article analyzed the current situation and problems of the state financial control subjects at different levels of the budget process. Based on generalized problems it was identified prospects of state financial control in accordance with international principles of financial control.

Article is written in Ukrainan


Khavanov A. V.
Economic and Financial Crime and its Impact on the Economic Security of Ukraine (p. 35 - 38)

National economy criminalization and shadow economic relations reproduction has a significant impact on the whole system of national economy at every stage of the historical development, and in particular on the economic security of the state. Shadow economic relations become an obstacle to effective structural reforms in the state. They prevent the state coping with the economic crisis, making the national economy trade and speculative raw material appendage of the global economy. Prerequisites for the development and growth of the shadow economy exist in the system itself. This means that the development and growth of the shadow economy depend on the way of solving the system’s contradictions, which under certain conditions can become destructive. Shadow economy is enormous in scale. However, it is not easy to accurately measure it. Shadow economy arises from the desire to avoid measurement, and a number of scientists use indirect methods to give it a relative measure.

Article is written in Ukrainan


Gritsenko Y. A.
The Institutionalization of the Evaluation Activities in Ukraine (p. 39 - 41)

The article deals with general economic conditions and the specific institutional environment of appreciation. It reveals the objective logic of institutionalization, in which process evaluation transforms in detached special institution activities, appears specific procedures and rules to regulate and establish special organizations and institutions.

Article is written in Ukrainan


BUSINESS INFORM №1-2013

Orlov P. A.
The Problems of Social Responsibility of Marketing in Developed Countries with a Market Economy and in Ukraine in a Protracted Global Economic Crisis (p. 6 - 12)

It was grounded the conclusion that the widely held concept socially responsible marketing, which is based on reliance only on the growth of awareness of owners of enterprises and social initiatives can not be realized. This concept is a consequence of the commitment of its sponsors the doctrine of neoliberalism. Leading role in the development of socially responsible marketing should play an effective government regulation and public organizations for the protection of consumer rights. Effectiveness of state regulation is highly dependent on the quality of the economic system, the development of democracy in the country.

Article is written in Russian


Deyneka O. V., Boyarko I. M.
The Modern Forming Trends of the Relative Proportions of the Public Sector of the Economy of Ukraine (p. 13 - 19)

In the article authors’ position to the formatting of the integral indicator of the relative proportions of the public sector in Ukraine is substantiated. The volumes of presence of this sector within the national economy in general and in the context of economic activities are investigated. The main problems that led to the reduction of quantitative parameters of entities in the public sector of the economy of Ukraine are identified.

Article is written in Ukrainan


Pakulina A. A.
The Improving of the Government Regulation of the Social Services Market Within the Strategic Course to Reach the European Life Standards in Ukraine (p. 20 - 23)

In the article the problems connected with forming the market of services have been analyzed within the strategic course to reach the European life standards in Ukraine. The priorities of social services market development have been defined in the strategy of economic development of Ukraine. The suggestions have been worked out as to increasing the efficiency of the government regulation mechanism of the social services market in the conditions of informational economy. The possible directions have been researched of reforming the managing system in the sphere of social services from the position of optimization the information exchange between the members of the market.

Article is written in Ukrainan


BUSINESS INFORM №2-2013

Burbelo O. A., Chunikhina L. N.
Legalisation of ‹Dirty» Money as an Anti-Social Phenomenon (p. 11 - 15)

The article studies some aspects of resistance to legalisation of "dirty" money and substantiates proposals on increase of efficiency of this resistance. Standard features of the countries, which are often selected by criminals for money laundering, are characterised. A list of some internal and external factors is provided and used for analysis, on the basis of which it is assumed that this new (for Ukrainian society) anti-social phenomenon – legalisation of “dirty” money – already exists or would appear soon in Ukraine. Reasons of this phenomenon are disclosed on the basis of research of opinions of representatives of domestic criminological science, which form a concept of realising the danger of legalisation of proceeds from criminal activity, and it is determined that resistance to this phenomenon requires complex, scientifically justified and modern preventive measures to be undertaken. Main directions of the state policy in fighting organised crime are determined, basic legal measures for resistance to it are formulated and it is proved that their efficiency could be achieved only in the event of internal harmonicity and system co-ordination with the measures of social development of the society.

Article is written in Ukrainan


Dilenko V. О.
Economic Effects in the System of Branches of Ukrainian economy: Assessment and Analysis of Dynamics (p. 16 - 19)

The article applies the economical-mathematical mechanism of “input-output” models for determination of various types of economic effects, which are being formed in the system of branches of the Ukrainian economy. Obtained time series of these effects are analysed and specific features of their evolution are revealed: absence of stable tendencies of dynamics, predominance of negative values of the considered effects for many branches, etc.

Article is written in Russian


Koliada T. A.
Specific Features of Formation of the Budget Strategy Under Conditions of Global Growth of the State Debt (p. 20 - 24)

The article determines specific features of formation of the budget strategy under conditions of global growth of the state debt, reveals risks in the budget sphere in the process of realisation of approved concepts of socio-economic development of the country. A necessity to develop budget strategy scenarios within the framework of various variants of the world and national economies is substantiated.

Article is written in Ukrainan


Tyshchenko O. P.
Cluster Approach to Managing Regional Economic Development and Prospects of its Introduction in Ukraine (p. 25 - 30)

The article considers problems of formation and functioning with consideration of foreign experience, clusters and cluster networks in the national economy of Ukraine. It shows shortcomings of domestic state cluster policy and its legislative-normative non-determinancy. And it substantiates the ways and directions of more active use of the cluster approach for managing regional economic development and degree of participation of the state in support and assistance to development of clusters and cluster initiatives.

Article is written in Ukrainan


Dmytryshyn L. I.
Interrelation of Inequality of Income with the Concepts of Economic Development (p. 30 - 34)

The article studies interaction of inequality of distribution of income and economic growth in correspondence with evolution of concepts of economic development. It is shown that economic growth, as a criterion of economic development, corresponds with conceptual foundations of stable development. The body of indicators of stable development at a regional level is formed.

Article is written in Ukrainan


Muzhylivskyi V. V.
State Regulation of Mandatory Types of Insurance: Ways of Perfection (p. 35 - 40)

The article offers directions of perfection of state regulation of mandatory insurance. It substantiates a necessity of a methodical approach to determination of insurance tariffs for mandatory insurance with the use of stimulating regulation. It offers an algorithm of introduction of mandatory types of insurance and algorithm of state-private partnership in the field of mandatory insurance.

Article is written in Ukrainan


Strizhak A. Y.
Institutions as Tools of Regulating Opportunism in Market Transactions (p. 40 - 45)

The article studies opportunistic behaviour of economic agents under conditions of economy transformation. A range of various institutions that influence restriction of opportunistic behaviour of individuals is analysed. Such institutions are presented in the form of formal and informal rules of behaviour in the society. Formal rules include political and economic rules and contracts; informal include moral values and psychological patterns shared by society, common practices, traditions, taboos, religious beliefs, etc. The study revealed that the most efficient restrictors of opportunistic behaviour are informal institutions.

Article is written in Russian


BUSINESS INFORM №3-2013

Pakulin S. L.
Development of the system of higher education of Ukraine: patterns, tendencies, prospects (p. 11 - 15)

The article substantiates and systemises characteristic features of the knowledge economy and the role of the higher school in this economy. It reveals patterns of functioning of the higher school and tendencies of its development under new economic conditions, which are required for effective strategy formation. It uses analysis of systems of higher education of EU countries to show a model of European higher education of Boulogne type and substantiates its advantages, contradictions and prospects of further development. It develops conceptual provisions of effectiveness of the Ukrainian higher education on the basis of structural, institutional and substantive modernisation with consideration of requirements of the knowledge economy.

Article is written in Ukrainan


Levchenko O. M., Tkachuk O. V.
Methodical approaches to calculation of cost of educating specialists in institutes of higher education in Ukraine (p. 16 - 20)

The article considers modern approaches to calculation of cost of educating one student of an institute of higher education of the third and fourth levels of accreditation. It proposes author’s own system of assessment of an average approximate cost of educating one specialist, which includes basic components of costs of institutes of higher education. Introduction of a standard of cost of educating specialists would allow increase of effectiveness of the process of formation and allocation of the state order for staff training on a competitive basis.

Article is written in Ukrainan


Ramskiy A. Y.
Essence of Saving Processes in Household and their Influence upon Extended Reproduction of GDP (p. 21 - 29)

The article is devoted to the issues of formation and use of investment potential of households in ensuring stable economic development of a country. It pays significant attention to the problems of the essence of saving processes and their influence upon extended reproduction of GDP. It identifies that a part of income and other resources, which are left unused by households while spending resources for current consumption, are accumulated and can become a powerful source of formation of financial resources of a state.

Article is written in Ukrainan


Yavorska T. V.
Development of a State System of Economic Security of Insurance Entrepreneurial Structures in Ukraine (p. 30 - 35)

The article considers the essence of an economically secure insurance company and identifies external and internal threats to its activity. It proposes and characterises functional elements of the system of security of insurance entrepreneurship in Ukraine: system of early response, risk assessment, norms of domestic legislation, measures of financial recovery, protection of insurers’ interests, and anti-fraudulent actions, which are connected with money laundry and insurance fraud. It offers a number of changes in legislation for strengthening economic security of domestic insurance companies, recommendations on active use of the procedure of temporary administration during financial recovery of insurance companies.

Article is written in Ukrainan


Dorovskoy V. A.
Economic Security of Regions and its Place in State Regulation of Socio-Economic Development of Ukraine (p. 36 - 41)

Analysis of the modern state of the national strategic planning and management in Ukraine showed absence of common methodology on formation of strategic documents, consistency, unification and mutual co-ordination of mechanisms of strategic planning between them, which ultimately results in reduction of efficiency of state management. The article represents main measures and aims of stimulation of development of regions and also strategic goals and priority directions of the State strategy of development of regions.

Article is written in Russian


BUSINESS INFORM №4-2013

Hlushach A. V., Arkhiiereiev S. I.
Transaction Costs of Formation of Demand and Supply in the Labour Market Under Conditions of Transformational Economy (p. 14 - 21)

The article studies internal factors of variance of demand and supply of labour force in the domestic labour market, which are justified by its institutional imperfection; it studies influence of transaction costs of the subjects of the labour market on its structural imbalance under conditions of transformational economy; it proves the role of investment component in ensuring balance of transactional costs of formation of demand and supply of labour force and reasons of underfinancing of this sphere.

Article is written in Ukrainan


Ievsieieva O. A.
Perfection of State Regulation of Development of the Culture System in a Region (p. 22 - 28)

The article studies the content of innovations in the sphere of culture and their significance for socio-economic development. It studies possibilities of task-oriented application of innovation mechanisms in the system of management of the culture, which influence perfection of its organisational and managerial functions. It develops a complex of organisational and economic and financial tools of stimulation of development of the culture in a region. It justifies priority directions of development of the system of financing the culture, including on the basis of the state-private partnership.

Article is written in Ukrainan


Matyushenko I. Y.
Stimulation of Technological Development of Ukraine in State Programmes of Economic Development in 2013 – 2014 (p. 29 - 37)

The article considers main reasons and possible ways of improvement of the balance of payments of Ukraine. It conducts analysis of measures of the State Programme of Economic Development of Ukraine in 2013 – 2014, directed at increase of competitiveness and improvement of the investment climate. It gives an assessment of measures directed at activation of financing of economic development, namely: ensuring an optimal level of inflation, ensuring de-dollarisation and de-shadowing of economy; balancing the state budget and ensuring general financial stability of economy, and providing measures on restart of crediting. It systemises proposals on perfection of the tax policy with the aim to improve the investment climate. It provides an analysis of measures of the state programme on development of individual branches of economy. It specifies measures on stimulation of high technology branches within the framework of support of the national manufacturer and realisation of policy of import replacement. It provides recommendations on inclusion of necessary measures on preservation and development of real high technology branches in Ukraine into the State Programme.

Article is written in Ukrainan


Rudyk V. K.
Specific Features of Formation of Institutional Structure of General Mandatory Accumulating Pension Insurance in Ukraine (p. 38 - 43)

The article discusses issues of functioning of main financial institutions, which would form the institutional structure of the second level, regulation of their activity in accordance with the new Ukrainian pension legislation, specific features of their financial relations with participants of accumulating pension programmes. It gives a characteristic of the accumulating pension fund, which, in accordance with the current pension legislation, is the main financial institute of the second level. It analyses its relations with direct participants of the second level and specific features of managing their pension assets. It identifies the role of the executive directorate of the accumulating pension fund in managing the second level of the Ukrainian pension system. It characterises other financial institutes, which play an important role in the institutional structure of the second level – assets management companies and savers. An institutional structure of the mandatory state accumulating pension system is offered as a result of the study.

Article is written in Ukrainan


Moskalyuk Y. V.
State Regulation of Innovation Activity of the Agrarian Sphere of Ukraine (p. 44 - 47)

The article analyses main aspects of state regulation and stimulation of innovation activity in the agrarian sphere. It offers ways, which predetermine development of innovation processes in agriculture. It considers the legal basis of innovation activity in the agro-industrial complex of Ukraine. It proves that one of the problems of regulation is a state support of innovation activity and commercialisation of intellectual property.

Article is written in Ukrainan


BUSINESS INFORM №5-2013

Dedikov O. I.
On Correlation of Internal and External Factors in Financial and Economic Processes in Ukraine (p. 41 - 49)

The article states issues that determine modern economic development of Ukraine. It marks main factors of influence upon the state of economic development; driving forces of transformational changes in the country economy; problems that arise in the process of carrying out structural reforms, etc. Economic expectations in modern Ukraine are quite cautious. That is why analysis of factors that influence growth of production volumes and changes in agriculture in the result of the policy of the state is of special importance. Prospects of development of economy in Ukraine are improved, but the road to progressive transformations still stays difficult. Moreover, economic activity of companies in Ukraine will be restored gradually after drop of the rate of development in 2008-2009. Such a situation is justified with low competitiveness of economy and also delay in conducting structural reforms. Besides, economy of the country is highly dependent on energy prices. Ukrainian producers generate a low part of added value and the negative investment climate does not allow hoping for significant increase of volumes of investments and, as a result, fast growth of production rates. Due to this, Ukraine needs to activate the system of incentives, which justify, first of all, action of internal factors with the purpose of increase of competitiveness of the Ukrainian economy, growth, first of all, of export-oriented branches of industry, development of the internal market, strengthening of impact of measures directed at increase of volume of investment of funds into production, etc.

Article is written in Ukrainan


Kolesnichenko I. M.
Regulation of Transaction Costs With the Help of Information and Communication Technologies: Realities and Prospects in Ukrainian Economy (p. 49 - 54)

The article sets the issue of regulation of transaction costs with the help of information and communication technologies, analyses realities and prospects of its solution in Ukraine. It establishes that, together with ICT, the research tools of the modern institutional theory fits the efficiency criterion best of all and, consequently, provides a theoretical base of regulation of transaction costs. It justifies a necessity of further introduction of electronic government in Ukraine.

Article is written in Ukrainan


Margasova V. G., Sirenko K. Y.
State Regulation of Innovation Development of the Light Industry under Conditions of Transformational Changes in Ukrainian Economy (p. 54 - 60)

The article studies the modern state of innovation development of companies in the light industry. It proves importance and priority of the light industry among other branches of economy. It justifies urgency of support of innovation activity of companies of the branch at the state level. It reveals main shortcomings of the state regulation of innovation development of the light industry. It lists regulatory and legal acts that regulate innovation development. It gives a characteristic of main factors that influence development of innovation processes in a state. It assesses dynamics of change of a number of innovation-active companies. It assesses and analyses the structure of sources of financing innovation activity. It studies the mechanism of state regulation of innovation development of the light industry companies. It offers main directions of activation of innovation activity both at the state and company levels.

Article is written in Ukrainan


Koliada T. A.
Influence of Transformation of State Functions Upon Priorities and Mechanisms of Realisation of the Budget Strategy in Ukraine under Globalisation: Institutional Dimension (p. 60 - 66)

The article considers institutional approach to revelation of the essence of influence of transformation of state functions under conditions of globalisation upon priorities and mechanisms of realisation of the budget strategy in Ukraine. It identifies new features acquired by the state as an institute under conditions of post-crisis development due to growing interdependence of the state and economy. It proves objective and irreversible strengthening of the social function of the state as a vector of development of civilisation, which is accompanied with reconsideration of the role of the state, change of the character of redistribution of the national income and correlation of the volume of the budget and GDP. It analyses theoretical developments of scientists with respect to existence of close links between the state order, economic system and dominating ideology (policy) of development of the public life of the country. It reveals the contents of the budget strategy as an institutional category. It justifies a necessity and timeliness of development of the state budget strategy due to existence of the threat of stability and balance of the budget under conditions of unfavourable long-term tendencies, and determines priorities and mechanisms of its realisation.

Article is written in Ukrainan


BUSINESS INFORM №6-2013

Danich V. N., Shekhovtsova Y. V.
Currency Panic, Agiotage and their Influence on Company Activity (p. 8 - 13)

The article identifies and classifies influence of the currency panic and agiotage as avalanche-like socio-economic processes upon activity and management of a company. Currency agiotage is caused by growth of anxiety, expectation of destabilisation of political and economic systems, and psychological mood of physical persons and subjects of economic activity. Agiotage demand on currency has a certain seasonality and periodicity, that is why, the majority of citizens-entrepreneurs have developed their own tactics of behaviour. Operative management of a company under conditions of these processes mainly depends on typical belonging, company size, institutional and legal forms, organisational, production and market character. As a result, the article identifies main characteristics of appearance and development of agiotage processes in the currency market and also their influence upon company activity. The article identifies and classifies specific reactions of subjects that have to do with making and performing managerial decisions and reducing the risk of losses caused by agiotage.

Article is written in Ukrainan


Prosyanik N. V.
Role of State Administration of Expenditures of Local Budgets in Development of the City Complex: Foreign Experience (p. 13 - 17)

The article justifies a necessity to improve the mechanism of state administration of expenditures of local budgets with the purpose of achieving social and economic stability, support of development of the city, region and country in general, and efficient functioning of the budget system in Ukraine. The author conducts an analysis of foreign experience of functioning of local budgets. The article studies, in particular, the expenditure policy in the world countries with different levels of economic development. It forms and offers ways of improvement of the mechanism of state administration of expenditures of city budgets in Ukraine on the basis of analysis of foreign experience of countries with the effective existing budget system, namely, real introduction of middle-term budget planning at the local level, gradual reduction of the level of centralisation of local budgets, and improvement of the system of inter-budget relations.

Article is written in Ukrainan


Rudnichenko Y. M.
Opportunistic Behaviour of the Subjects of Realisation of the Fiscal Function of the State in the Context of Economic Security: Agency Theory View (p. 18 - 23)

The article analyses relations between subjects of realisation of the fiscal function of the state and companies. Such relations are considered in the context of interaction of agents and principals and their possible opportunistic behaviour. The author offers to consider the subject of realisation of the fiscal function of the state as a state body, the main task of which is filling the budgets of all levels by means of withdrawal and re-distribution of a portion of income of economic subjects. The article underlines that the world practice shows that the main institutes that realise the said function are tax and customs services. The article provides a transformation model of principal-agent-client relations, which envisages a possibility of appearance of corrupt practices. It conducts analysis of the current situation and opportunistic behaviour of officials – subjects of realisation of the fiscal function of the state. It offers to apply procedures of co-ordination of interests of principals and agents and harmonisation of their relations with clients as one of the most efficient methods of fighting opportunistic behaviour.

Article is written in Ukrainan


Beseda Y. K.
Concept of the Mechanism of Development of Financial and Investment Potential of the Subjects of the Real Sector of Economy (p. 24 - 30)

The article offers a concept of a mechanism of development of the financial and investment potential of subjects of the real sector of economy, including identification of principles, goals and tasks, and also a complex of instruments of the mechanism of development of the financial and investment potential of subjects of the real sector of economy. It considers the process of formation of the mechanism of development of the financial and investment potential of subjects of the real sector of economy from the point of view of both the process and result. It conducts analysis of literature sources with respect to the essence and differentiation of categories of stable functioning and stable development of subjects of the real sector of economy. The proposed concept is destined to provide practical realisation of the complex of instruments of the mechanism of development of the financial and investment potential of subjects of the real sector of economy, which would help to achieve their stable functioning and development.

Article is written in Russian


Kolesnik M. N.
Improvement of Mechanisms of State Administration of the Tourist Industry in Ukraine in the Context of Evolution of Tourist Policy of Developed World Countries (p. 31 - 36)

The article considers tourism as a specific system with own inherent patterns of development. It offers to analyse the mechanism of state administration on the basis of the author’s definition. It justifies that the tourist industry requires new approaches to state support on the basis of principles of proper administration. It reveals evolution of the role of the state in recent years and outlines main directions of state support of the tourist industry. It generalises existing legal and organisational mechanisms of administering tourism in 12 countries of the world. It analyses key measures on improvement of state support. It reveals main problems of development of the tourist industry and develops recommendations on improvement of the mechanisms of state support of the tourist industry in Ukraine.

Article is written in Ukrainan


BUSINESS INFORM №7-2013

Kuzmin O. Y., Pyroh O. V.
Sector Model of Development of the National Economy of Ukraine under Post-industrial Society Conditions (p. 8 - 13)

The article discloses provisions of the sector model of development of the national economy of Ukraine under the post-industrial society conditions. It improves and expands theoretical foundations of the sector model of the national economy. It identifies specific features of the structure of the sector model of the national economy depending on the stage of country development. It provides results of this model modelling for the national economy of Ukraine under the post-industrial society conditions. The offered sector model of the national economy of Ukraine provides achievement of the level of development of the developed world countries (EU-27) and takes into account structural and technological requirements of the post-industrial society.

Article is written in Ukrainan


Azizov H. S.
Innovation Model of Reproduction Processes of the Ukrainian Economy (p. 14 - 22)

The article justifies the conception that innovation development of economy requires its breaking-up by production sectors and deep study of tendencies of development of each of them, namely: 1) sector of production of means of production; 2) sector of production of commodities; 3) sector of production and household services; 4) sector of formation of human capital and creation of intellectual values; and 5) sector of state administration. The article reveals and analytically describes tendencies of development of the sectors for the past 10 years. It shows, using example of development of the sector of production of means of production, that the past decade has faced the permanent process of accumulation of the deficit of production of means of production. Thus, for example, the deficit in 2010 was UAH 776 milliard. One cannot agree with the tendency of growth of a number of personnel of state administration in the age of computerisation and revolution in record keeping. Personnel increased by 195.7 thousand people only for the past five years, besides, the major part of it belongs to the state administration. Growth of the state machinery does not assist in the growth of economic efficiency.

Article is written in Russian


Yermolenko O. A.
Methods of Regulation of the Domestic Labour Market (p. 23 - 28)

The article analyses existing methods of state regulation of the labour market. It justifies a necessity of exercising state regulation of the labour market in Ukraine, since it requires regulated changes and establishment of stable bilateral links with the world labour market both at the regional and national levels. This issue is quite topical under conditions of globalisation, since the labour market of Ukraine is in the stage of adaptation to the world economic environment. The role of the state in the goal-setting and as a regulator of the process of adaptation is very significant, taking into account the current situation in the labour market of Ukraine and the state of the world labour market. The goal of this article is consideration of approaches with respect to methods of regulation of the labour market and determination of their effectiveness. After conducting the study of existing methods the article offers the following conclusions: availability of a big variety of methods of regulation of the labour market is connected not with uncertainty in their effectiveness but, on the contrary, with a possibility of solving the set tasks with the help of application of a multi-variant combination of the existing methods of regulation. Also, a big number of methods of regulation is connected with a variety of the existing problems arising during formation and functioning of the labour market. Solution of the modern problems of the labour market requires complex measures, which could be realised with the help of several methods of state regulation. Their selection depends on a number of components: first of all, on the problem itself (time of its origination, urgency of solution, and consequences), availability of funds in the relevant budget or fund, possibility of application of different methods to solution of the problem at a certain level of administration, etc.

Article is written in Ukrainan


Solodukhin S. V.
Methodological Analysis of Gregarious Behaviour of Agents in the Financial Markets (p. 28 - 31)

The article considers methodological approaches to analysis of gregarious behaviour of agents in the financial markets and also studies foundations of the agent modelling of decision making processes with consideration of the gregarious instinct.

Article is written in Ukrainan


Konovalovа A. V.
Methodical Aspects of Realisation of the Mechanism of the State-private Partnership (p. 32 - 36)

The article speaks about additional possibilities of regional development by means of use of schemes of the state-private partnership in financing investment projects and development of regional mechanisms of stimulation of concession schemes, especially in the projects of social infrastructure. The article considers instruments of realisation of projects of the state-private partnership, identifies goals and significance of these projects for each participant. It analyses different schemes of project financing with an accent on financing by means of the funds of the Investment fund and Foreign Trade Bank. It identifies factors that have positive and negative impact on realisation of the projects of the state-private partnership.

Article is written in Russian


BUSINESS INFORM №8-2013

Kyzym M. O., Kireenko A. P., Hubarieva I. O.
Shadow Economy in Ukraine and Russia and its Influence upon Economic Development of a Country (p. 8 - 14)

The article conducts analysis, systematisation and generalisation of data, which allowed comparison of the level of shadow economies of Ukraine and Russia with some countries of the world. To assess influence of the shadow economy on economic development of a country, it offers to use the cognitive approach, on the basis of which it selects priority directions of ensuring economic development of Ukraine with consideration of influence of the shadow economy. The article provides a cognitive scheme of influence of the shadow economy upon economic development of a country and uses this scheme to systemise knowledge about factors in their interconnection and interaction. It identifies, in the result of the conducted modelling, that the main factor that influences economic development of Ukraine is the level of its shadow economy. The use of the cognitive modelling of influence of the shadow economy upon economic development of a country, realised on the basis of the unity and totality of principles of consistency, reliability, completeness and comparability, would allow regular obtaining of objective and quality information and develop substantial analytical materials for managerial decision making on ensuring economic development of the country.

Article is written in Russian


Martynuk V. P., Baranetskaya O. V.
Assessment of Some Indicators of Fiscal Security of a State (p. 15 - 21)

The article studies main fiscal indicators that allow carrying out analytical characterisation of the state of the fiscal sphere of Ukraine. Tendencies of indicators changes point out availability of positive and negative shifts in economic processes, existence of destructive possible and potential threats that have significant influence upon ensuring the proper level of fiscal security of the state and realisation of priority national economic interests. The conducted comparison of values of the studied fiscal indicators with their threshold values allows focusing on the source of existing and possible fiscal problems. It is noticed that liquidation of existing imbalances of fiscal environment would allow maximisation of the level of fiscal security of Ukraine and facilitate its financial stability and socio-economic development.

Article is written in Russian


Krush P. V.
State Policy in the Sphere of Balancing the Ukrainian Budget (p. 21 - 27)

The goal of the article is to identify specific features of realisation of the state policy and also internal and external factors that influence the state of state finance and to determine sources of replenishment and balancing of the State Budget of Ukraine. In the result of the study the article reveals main contradictions of carrying out of the state policy with respect to the balancing of the State Budget of Ukraine. It groups factors that influence the negative state and disbalancing of the Ukrainian budget by the nature of influence (internal and external). It offers a scientific approach to replenishment and balancing of the budget of Ukraine by means of activation of internal financial potential sources, which would ensure levelling of its expenditures and income and would lay the foundation of long-term stable growth, solution of existing contradictions of socio-economic development. Results of the study could be used when developing an anti-crisis plan on securing additional budget receipts by means of accumulation of internal potential financial resources as a basis of realisation of a long-term and effective state policy in this sphere.

Article is written in Ukrainan


Oreshniak V. L.
Structural Changes in the Ukrainian Economy in the Context of Sustainable Development (p. 28 - 33)

The issue of protection and preservation of environment both for the current and for the future generations is very sharp under modern conditions of development of the world economy. It is evident that it is possible to solve the problem of development of the humanity and its future by means of a search for new theoretical knowledge, formation of a new outlook and sense of life, which would become in future a strong basis for implementation of necessary practical recommendations into life. It is quite clear that appearance of new theoretical concepts of economic development takes place in the process of analysis and deep comprehension of shortcomings and advantages of existing scientific theories. The concept of sustainable development became such a new economic theory. Establishment of sustainable development depends on the structure of economy and nature of changes in it. The process of study of the branch structure of the national economy and shifts that take place in the context of its three sectors has a special significance for development of Ukraine, since it points out the optimal way of transition to the concept of sustainable development. Structural shifts that took place in economy (in the context of 3 sectors) during 1991 – 2011 testify to the fact that the Ukrainian economy is at the post-industrial stage and at the initial stage of establishment of sustainable development. Main shifts in the structure of the national economy in the course of movement along the way of economic development are reduction of specific weight of agro-industrial and industrial sectors of economy and growth of the share of the service sector. However, shifts in the structure of the Ukrainian economy are still slow and not very efficient.

Article is written in Ukrainan


BUSINESS INFORM №9-2013

Kondratenko N. O., Gusak Y. V.
Approaches to Formation of the Mechanism of State Regulation of Organisational and Resource Provision of the Engineering Industry (p. 20 - 25)

The article analyses the existing state of enterprises of the engineering industry of the national economy of Ukraine in the context of the organisational and resource provision. It specifies certain problems. which qualitatively influence upon activity of engineering enterprises. It offers a structure of the mechanism of state regulation of the organisational and resource provision at engineering enterprises. It allocates theoretical approaches to formation and improvement of the mechanism of regulation of the organisational and resource provision and main organisational and economic directions of saving material resources, which are connected with a complex and effective processing of raw materials and optimal use of wastes, i.e. secondary resources. The article identifies a necessity of development of target-oriented programmes on rational and effective use of resources. Using scientifically justified approaches, the article proves a necessity of formation of the mechanism of state regulation of organisational and resource provision of the engineering industry, which would facilitate increase of competitiveness of domestic products.

Article is written in Ukrainan


Voznyak H. V.
Budget Policy and its Influence upon the Economic Development of a Region: Theoretical Aspects (p. 25 - 32)

The article analyses and systemises scientific approaches to definition of the “budget policy” notion. It offers and justifies the conceptual author’s vision of the budget policy of a region. It provides a characteristic of structural elements of the budget policy of a region and possible ways of influence. It offers classification of types of the budget policy. The study helped to establish specific features and contradictions of influence of the budget policy upon economic development of a region. The article justifies absence of a common opinion in issues of respective volumes of state expenditures on economic development. It offers to conduct studies with consideration of both positive and negative consequences of influence of the budget policy upon economic development.

Article is written in Ukrainan


Popov O. Y., Karkaleva P. I.
Justification of Selection of Organisational Form of State and Corporate Partnership when Realising Integration Projects of Regional Infrastructure Development (p. 32 - 40)

The article generalises main approaches to regional management of infrastructure development of the territory. It justifies expediency of use of the territorial and economic approach with respect to development and realisation of projects of regional development. It proves a necessity of establishment of effective co-operation of participants of the process of regional development under conditions of realisation of large-scale infrastructure projects. It characterises essence and principles of state and corporate partnership at the regional level. It offers a methodical approach and tools of justification of selection of organisational form of the state and corporate partnership while realising integration projects of regional infrastructure development. It develops a system of indicators of assessment of parameters of relations of participants of the state and corporate partnership while realising integration projects of inter-regional development.

Article is written in Ukrainan


Hlushach A. V.
Transaction Costs of the Labour Market as a Factor of Slowdown of Economic Development in the Transformational Economy and Ways of their Minimisation (p. 40 - 48)

The article justifies a necessity of institutional direction of the study of ways of minimisation of transactions costs of the labour market, the overstated level of which shows down economic development in countries with transformation economies. In the result of the study of modern problems of functioning of institutes of the domestic labour market, the author identifies methods of regulation of transaction costs of its subjects, which were conditionally divided into two levels – macro-economic (level of state administration) and micro-economic (level of an individual enterprise), conducts their classification and identifies regulating mechanisms. In accordance with the institutional problems and transformation specific features of the domestic labour market, the article offers specific measures on reduction of transaction costs at the macro-level and also measures on reduction of transaction costs at the micro-level (at the level of interaction of the labour market subjects), which were systemised and generalised by directions of their carrying out.

Article is written in Ukrainan


Tiulenieve I. V.
Legal Regulation of Processes of Merger and Acquisition of Enterprises of Ukraine (p. 49 - 54)

The goal of the article lies in the study of regulatory and legal basis of regulation of the processes of acquisition and merger of domestic enterprises, since the issues of merger and acquisition are contradictory aspects of market environment development. Analysing scientific developments of domestic and foreign scientists and comparing them with the legal basis of regulation of merger and acquisition transactions, the article revealed absence of the acquisition notion and its replacement with the joining notion and partially contradictory interpretation of the merger notion. The article studies legal aspects of regulation of joint stock companies activity in the process of merger and joining. It detects that this procedure is the most detailed just for corporate capital, i.e. joint stock companies. Moreover, another type of corporate relationship – corporation – cannot participate in the process of merger, since it is a union of enterprises. It is established that “union of enterprises” and “merger” are not equal notions. The article identifies stage-by-stage passing through operations of merger and joining for joint stock companies, reveals absence of standard documents for their successful passing, in particular, a transfer act. The article establishes that merger and joining is interpreted in different laws either as a type of re-organisation or as concentration of an enterprise. All the above creates a risky environment for carrying out merger and acquisition transactions, that is why, the prospect of further study is detection of other risks in merger and acquisition operations.

Article is written in Ukrainan


BUSINESS INFORM №10-2013

Kornivska V. О.
Financial and Institutional Structure of Economies of European Countries, Ukraine and Russia in the Context of Development of Processes of Long-term Investing (p. 23 - 29)

The article justifies a necessity of realisation of long-term investment projects as a factor of overcoming the bifurcation state of the world economy and formation of foundations of the post-crisis development. It shows the topical problems of the search for the sources of financing long-term projects. On the basis of characteristic of the financial and institutional structure of economies of some European countries and Ukraine and Russia, the article proves adequate use of the banking mechanisms of the credit-investment financing. It justifies a necessity of creation of state target-oriented financial and credit institutions following the example of Federal Agencies in the US, the main goal of which should be financing priority sectors of the economy through concessional lending.

Article is written in Ukrainan


Aleksandrova M. M.
Modelling Influence of Fiscal Policy upon Economic Development (p. 29 - 34)

The article characterises a macro-economic model, which describes dynamics of influence of fiscal load upon economic development of Ukraine. Parameters of the model are calculated on the basis of statistical data for 2000 – 2012. The article analyses fiscal load of Ukraine: its optimal level for economic development of the country is 19.29% of GDP. It assesses and compares calculations of the taxation load, traces its dynamics and compares results with analogous indicators of the developed countries of the world. It analyses prospects of application of the proposed approach for forecasting development of the national economy.

Article is written in Ukrainan


Martynenko V. V.
Assessment of Influence of Globalisation upon the State of Economic Security of Ukraine (p. 35 - 43)

The main goal of the article lies in statistical assessment of influence of globalisation upon the growth of the national economy and upon the level of economic security of the state. The author justifies expediency of a formalised expression of globalisation through sub-index of economic globalisation (KOF Index of Globalization methods). The article proves that economic growth of the national economy reflects the index of the physical volume of GDP and the state of economic security of the state – the level of economic security of Ukraine (Ministry of Economic Development and Trade methods). It proves statistically that intensification of economic globalisation was the factor of negative influence upon dynamics of GDP during 1991 – 2000 and the factor of positive impact on economic growth of the national economy in 2000 – 2008; reduction of economic globalisation took place in parallel with the growth of the national economy in 2009 – 2011; economic globalisation in 1996 – 2011 had, in general, a positive influence upon development of economic security of Ukraine. Further studies of the author on selection and formation of priorities of economic development of Ukraine within the concept of the national security under conditions of globalisation will be planned with consideration of the obtained scientific result.

Article is written in Ukrainan


BUSINESS INFORM №11-2013

Lysytsia N. M., Byelikova Y. V.
Directions of Modernisation of Economic Education (p. 36 - 41)

The goal of the article is to determine directions of modernisation of economic education by means of the use of the potential of development of priority professional competences. To achieve that it is necessary to solve the following tasks: 1) to consider professional competences acquired in the process of education; 2) to compare them with the requirements of the labour market to professional competences, which provides a possibility to see directions of a possible development of an educational establishment. The article used results of a questionnaire survey of graduates of economic faculties and results of monitoring of labour market for marking out possible directions of modernisation of economic education based on development of: 1) competences connected with informing society (skills of work with specialised software, work with data arrays and processing and analysis of digital information); 2) competences connected with mastering oral and written communication (paper work, conduct of trainings, conduct of written communications with local and foreign partners, well-bred speech and conduct of negotiations). One of the main tasks of a university lies in development of the graduates’ ability to adapt to changes of the external environment for which it is necessary to develop analytical thinking, communicative skills, capability to listen and convince, to show interest in something new, availability of instrumental knowledge which form the concept of learning to work in situations, which are close to the real life, are the basis of modernisation of economic education and point out directions of further studies.

Article is written in Russian


Khohlov M. P., Grigorenko A. A.
Integral Economic Complex as a Basis of the Domestic Market of the National Economy (p. 42 - 46)

Excessive orientation of production of a young country at the foreign market negatively influences its domestic market and results in its imbalance and narrowness. Formation of the integral economic complex creates conditions for complex development of the domestic market of the national economy and strengthening of its positions in the world market. This requires further theoretical searches for optimal models of inter-branch connections, development and economic mechanisms of realisation of programmes of complex development of economy with consideration of social consequences of the process.

Article is written in Ukrainan


Petrushevska V. V.
Transformation Directions of the Financial Policy in the Process of Stabilisation of the Ukrainian Economy (p. 46 - 51)

The goal of the article is consideration of theoretical provisions with respect to the state financial policy. The article considers the role of the financial policy in ensuring stabilisation of the Ukrainian financial system. It presents conceptual provisions regarding main goals, mechanisms and instruments of the stabilisation financial policy of the state. It develops economic indicators of its efficiency. The use of indicators of economic efficiency of the stabilisation financial policy by the bodies of state authority in their practical activity would provide the society with a possibility to assess expediency of measures of this policy increasing its efficiency and decreasing criticism at the government. A necessary direction of achievement of effectiveness and efficiency of the stabilisation financial policy is taking into consideration interests of all social groups (population, entrepreneurs, financial institutes and companies, etc.) by the bodies of state authority in the process of its development and realisation.

Article is written in Ukrainan


Papp V. V., Boshota N. V.
Innovation Factor in Increase of Competitiveness of the Ukrainian Economy (p. 52 - 56)

The article establishes that competitiveness is a synthesis of a number of economic categories. It applies a general approach to the study of competitiveness of various objects from common system and methodical positions and notions of its essence. It lists main factors that influence the level of competitiveness. It considers theoretical and practical issues of formation of conditions of stable competitiveness of the national economy. It identifies main obstacles of formation of competitiveness of the Ukrainian economy. It considers the barest necessity of formation of the rating of Global Competitiveness. It outlines the most important criteria of expediency of entering the market, identifies conditions of achievement of a higher level of competitiveness by countries. It focuses on the conduct of a more active state innovation policy in achievement and holding strong market positions of the domestic economy and offers possible strategic landmarks of the further state economic policy of Ukraine on increase of the level of competitiveness for the nearest future.

Article is written in Ukrainan


BUSINESS INFORM №12-2013

Antonenko L. A., Wang Qiushi
Influence of the Scientific and Technical Progress upon the Fuel and Energy Complex of Ukraine until 2050: Methodology of Assessment of Long-term Forecasts (p. 27 - 33)

The article makes an attempt, using new methodological initial grounds by the works of leading foreign authors, to present an aggregate of qualitatively different conditions of development of the fuel and energy complex of Ukraine until 2050 in the context of forecasts of development of USA until 2100. The authors justify factors that significantly differentiate trajectories of future development of the Ukrainian energy sector and USA energy sector, which envisages development of own methodology and realisation of forecasts officially already developed by Ukrainian scientists. On the basis of this the article presents the authors’ comparative analysis of fuel and energy complexes of Ukraine and China.

Article is written in Russian


Bolgarova N. K., Panevnyk T. M.
Trans-nationalisation Processes in the Ukrainian Economy (p. 33 - 38)

The article considers main processes of trans-nationalisation of Ukrainian economy, identifies specific features of trans-national production and explains some theoretical aspects of these issues. It provides main stages of theoretical comprehension of activity of trans-national corporations (TNC), specific features of the theory of competitive advantages of TNC and specifies the basic ones of them. The article conducts analysis of flows of direct foreign investments into the Ukrainian economy. It shows distribution of direct foreign investments into Ukraine by main countries-investors, regions-recipients and types of economic activity. It conducts review and analysis of the modern state of trans-national corporations of foreign origin in the Ukrainian market. It considers functioning of domestic TNC in Ukraine and main tendencies of entering of Ukrainian companies into the world environment and also identifies directions of further development of these phenomena. Prospects of further studies in this direction are identification of the degree of trans-nationalisation processes in the Ukrainian economy and identification of the positive effect, in particular, synergy from integration and globalisation.

Article is written in Ukrainan


Pedchenko N. S., Luhivska L. A.
Criteria and Indicators of Study of Efficiency of the State Debt Policy (p. 39 - 44)

The article considers approaches to assessment of the state debt policy, application of which would allow identification volume of internal and external indebtedness. It considers indicators of assessment of the debt load on economy, which are used by world organisations for identification of the level of the state debt security as a component of financial security. In the result of the study the article identifies main indicators for assessment of the Ukrainian debt policy, main criteria of the structural analysis of the state debt and criteria for identifying impact of the debt policy and economic situation in the country. The prospect of further studies in this direction is development of the system of criteria for identification of efficiency of use of the funds attracted by the state.

Article is written in Ukrainan


Tsymbal L. I.
Directions of Improvement of State Regulation of the Market of Educational Services (p. 45 - 51)

The issue of improvement of the regulating influence of the state upon the market of educational services is still little-studied in modern science. That is why, the article considers improvement of methods of state regulation of the market of educational services. The article uses such methods of study as methods of analysis and synthesis, induction and deduction, dialectical method of study and method of quantitative analysis. The article conducts scientific justification of the structure of the regulative mechanism that ensures efficient functioning of the market of educational services at the modern stage. The result of the study is generalisation and schematic presentation of the structure of the regulative mechanism for increase of efficiency of functioning of the market of educational services.

Article is written in Ukrainan


Semyrak O. S.
Theoretical Grounds of Formation of the Efficient State Economic Policy (p. 51 - 55)

The article conducts historical and analytical analysis of views on the role of state administration in the sphere of economic relations by various economic directions in order to allocate traditional and newest essential reference points of the modern theory of state regulation of economy. It identifies specific features of modern models of economic policy that envisage setting goals by the state, selection of relevant efficient tools and mathematic function, which would describe dependencies between them. It considers the concept of the basic theory of economic policy of Jan Tinbergen, its advantages and shortcomings. It studies prerequisites and conducts analysis of the modern concept of the role of state in economy as a subject of the market. It considers the modern concept of economic socio-dynamics, pursuant to which the main task of the state is maximisation of social usefulness and permanent improvement of the Pareto-optimal. It considers the “socio-dynamic multiplicator” notion, which envisages availability of three main components: social effect from activity of the state, yearning of individuals for creation of something new and availability of formal and informal institutions that united first two elements.

Article is written in Ukrainan


Syzrantsev H. O.
Managing State Debt of Ukraine: Problems and Directions of Optimisation (p. 56 - 60)

The modern state of the state debt of Ukraine and future forecasts of its increase make look for new methods of debt management. That is why the goal of the article lies in revelation of main problems of state debt management in Ukraine on the basis of the analysis of its modern state and also in scientific justification of conceptual grounds of improvement of the mechanism of state debt management and servicing under modern conditions. Analysing, systemising and generalising scientific works of many scientists, the article considers the state debt as an instrument of macro-economic regulation, provides dynamics of growth of external and internal state debts. In the result of the study the article reveals a number of unsolved problems in the sphere of debt management. Due to this the article offers conceptual measures on management of the state debt of Ukraine. The prospect of further studies is the search for state debt management methods that would allow reduction of the debt load on the state budget and economy of Ukraine.

Article is written in Ukrainan


BUSINESS INFORM №1-2014

Kuzheliev M. O., Shakura O. O., Vaysero L. M.
Prerequisites of Formation of the Mechanism of State Regulation of the System of Commercial Insurance (p. 32 - 37)

The article analyses establishment of the domestic system of commercial insurance with consideration of genesis of mechanisms of its regulation. It shows that the basis of the state regulation of insurance should be formed by the model of economic and historical process of establishment and development of commercial insurance, allowing to reveal the role of the state in formation of efficient instruments of administration and development of this system. The article establishes that evolution of formation of the state mechanism of administration is a reaction to imperfection of mechanisms of self-regulation of the system of commercial insurance. It argues that the national model of state regulation has specific features of the continental model, which is manifested in the applied forms of regulation. The author tracked formation of the modern mechanism of state regulation of the system of commercial insurance in genesis, which allowed trustworthy establishment of its specific features and prospects of development.

Article is written in Russian


Manoilenko O. V., Strokov Y. M.
Theoretical Substantiation of Formation of Integration Forms of Interaction of Enterprises when Developing the Innovation Policy (p. 37 - 41)

The article considers issues, connected with activation of innovation activity of engineering enterprises on the basis of application of integration forms of interaction. It justifies a necessity of formation of infrastructure of interaction of an enterprise when introducing innovation models of development with consideration of realisation of goals of all interested parties. The article offers a generalised scheme of organisational interaction of an enterprise in external environment and a matrix of functional provision of the integration process. The theoretical approach that is considered in the article allows increase of innovation activity of engineering enterprises and minimisation of expenditures of own resources when realising innovation policy of an enterprise.

Article is written in Russian


Zhylyenko S. M., Lyakhovets O. O.
Approaches to the “State Debt” Term Definition (p. 42 - 46)

Insufficiency of fiscal possibilities of taxation for fulfilment by state its functions cause budget unbalances, which manifest themselves in exceeding budget expenditures over receipts. In order to cover the budget deficit the government attracts state loans, which cause appearance and accumulation of the state debt. Development of efficient debt policy and mechanism of state debt administration requires its clear conceptualisation. To achieve this the article applies philosophic and semantic approaches for the study of the essence of the state debt. The use of the philosophic approach allowed the study of multi-aspect nature of the state debt through the prism of such correlative categories as “essence”, “phenomenon”, “content” and “form”. Using the semantic approach the article differentiates “debt” and “indebtedness” notions. The article also studies definitions of domestic and foreign scientists, analyses them and offers a clarified definition of the state debt, which takes into account the multi-aspect nature of this notion.

Article is written in Ukrainan


Ivanova O. Y., Chechetova-Terashvily T. M.
Assessment of Effectiveness of Deregulation Processes in Ukraine (p. 47 - 51)

The article is devoted to assessment of effectiveness of the processes of deregulation of economy of Ukraine. The goal of the article lies in the study of tendencies, identification of advantages and identification of the problems of practical realisation of measures of deregulation of economy, directed at reduction of state interference with economic relations. The article considers results of deregulation from the point of view of various objects: entrepreneurial activity and regional development. The article analyses main legislative and organisational grounds of deregulation of economy of Ukraine and its results by directions: licensing system, licensing, tax policy and taxation, foreign economic activity and customs regulation, budget policy, small business development and state control. Further scientific studies lie in the plane of identification of directions of solution of existing problems and increase of effectiveness of measures directed at deregulation of economy and development of recommendations on their legislative provision.

Article is written in Ukrainan


Klіmenko O. M., Mashchenko M. A.
Distribution of Corporate Responsibility in Ukraine as Implementation of the Strategy of the Partnership of Entrepreneurship, Power and Society (p. 51 - 55)

The article reveals problems and directions of establishment of responsibility of business in Ukraine for successful, sustainable and long-term interaction of entrepreneurship, power and society. The article conducts graphic-analytical analysis of advantages of implementation of the responsibility strategy, which allowed a conclusion that more than two thirds of Ukrainian enterprises believe that social responsibility measures exert influence upon possibilities of an organisation to find and keep best workers, formation of a positive image and improvement of reputation and creation of competitive advantages. The article shows that development of corporate social responsibility has just started its development in Ukraine. That is why, the majority of domestic enterprises face the task of achieving the economic side of this responsibility. Which means that partnership programmes of support of society, social investments and charity should become the basis of social responsibility. The article offers to distribute the sphere of application of social responsibility, namely: companies should transform corporate social responsibility upon corporate social benefit. Mentality of social entrepreneurship is capable of assisting even major enterprises in finding new markets, new services in existing markets and expansion of the existing markets. Solution of social and ecological problems in partnership with the power and public organisations constitutes certain possibilities for sustainable development of an enterprise.

Article is written in Ukrainan


BUSINESS INFORM №2-2014

Kaletnik H. M., Pchelianska H. O.
Place and Role of Food Security in Formation of Economic Security (p. 30 - 34)

The goal of the article lies in the study of the place and role of food security in formation of economic security of Ukraine. Analysing scientific works of scientists, the article considers the essence, levels and components of economic security of Ukraine. In the result of the study the authors reveal the essence of economic security of a household, enterprise and state and also identifies their interrelation and impact on the national economic security. The article considers economic security in three aspects: state, process and system. It studies the essence of food security and identifies the role of the agro-food complex in its formation and also establishes the role of the agro-food complex in the state economy. It considers main indicators that identify food security at the households, regions and state levels and identifies their impact on formation of economic security of households, regions and state. It offers directions of ensuring food security and, consequently, economic security of the state.

Article is written in Ukrainan


Bench L. Y., Kornatska R. M.
Debt Policy in Ukraine: Realities and Prospects (p. 35 - 39)

The article speaks about specific features of debt policy of Ukraine in the post-crisis period. It focuses on a necessity of stabilisation of the debt situation in countries with different levels of socio-economic development. It marks out reasons and analyses measures realised by governments for strengthening the country’s solvency and ensuring the budget space required for economic development. It analyses individual risks of the debt portfolio of Ukraine that are of top importance in the process of the state debt management. These risks include the risk of high share of debt in the debt structure, risk of the level of development of internal market of borrowings, etc. Taking into account the world progressive technologies of realisation of the debt policy the article offers directions of improvement of the state debt management in Ukraine. This would allow use of the potential of debt finances as an efficient tool of ensuring macro-financial stability and sustainable economic growth.

Article is written in Ukrainan


Demchyshak N. B.
Role of Tax Instruments in Investment and Innovation Strategy of Development of Ukraine (p. 40 - 44)

The article speaks about problems of formation of the investment and innovation potential in Ukraine. It identifies priority of development and introduction of the investment and innovation strategy for the national economy. It studies the role of state stimulation of the investment and innovation activity using direct and indirect methods. It considers foreign experience of tax stimulation of innovation activity. It analyses application of different tax preferences by different foreign states. It shows positive and negative sides of preferential taxation under conditions of financial instability of Ukrainian economy. In order to identify the level of investment activity the article analyses dynamics of change of the investment attractiveness index and shows problem aspects of attraction of foreign investments into the national economy. It identifies priorities of formation of efficient investment and innovation strategy of development of economy on the basis of a common system approach.

Article is written in Ukrainan


Mangushev D. V.
Services as an Indicator of Growth of Macro-economic Indicators of Countries (p. 45 - 52)

The article considers factors and tendencies of development of the sphere of services, its role in the GDP structure, world trade and employment of able-bodied population of the countries of the world. It conducts vertical and horizontal analysis of the world trade of services by countries and regions and considers the share and structure of trade of services of the leading countries of the world and Ukraine in particular. It analyses dynamics of the structure of the priority types of services and the socio-economic role of tourism both in the international and individual countries development levels. It specifies main socio-economic directions of further development of the sphere of services in the global scale and gives recommendations on improvement of tourist services in Ukraine.

Article is written in Russian


Khaver V. M.
Application of Methods of Risk Assessment and Management in State Regulation of Innovation Activity (p. 53 - 58)

The article identifies the place of the offered methodical approaches with respect to risk assessment and management, the basis of which is the developed economic and mathematical model of assessment of a possibility of realisation of the innovation project, which created conditions to affirm that when realising an innovation project it should be clearly divided into two units: innovation and investment and perform works on attraction of investments separately, respectively on the innovation and investment units of the project, in state regulation of innovation activity, in the result of which the article proves a possibility to perform purposeful works on formation of conditions for practical realisation of innovation projects with consideration of economic crisis in the state, rationally and efficiently use state material resources, which are allocated for innovation development and also to ensure a more efficient development of innovation activity.

Article is written in Ukrainan


BUSINESS INFORM №3-2014

Avhustyn Ruslan R.
Identification of Methodology of Indirect Assessment of Economy Shadowing (p. 37 - 41)

The article explains the essence of the shadow economy as an objective phenomenon of socio-economic relations and its influence upon national economy security through instruments of pricing, fiscal restrictions, tax control, and banking and insurance regulation. It proves the necessity of use of the indirect method of assessment of the level of economy shadowing along with methods of direct control over the growth of shadowed economic relations, since such an approach would allow rational approach to identification of volumes and level of shadow activity. In the result of the study the article marks out varieties of indirect assessment of economy shadowing (methods of document, accounting and economic analysis), their specific features, advantages and shortcomings and results of practical use. The article reveals approaches and indicators of economic analysis that allow identification of reasons of deviations from the normal economic activity of economic subjects. It provides examples of the indirect method of assessment of the volume of shadowed economy that deal with analysis of demand on money and comparison of rates of the growth of the money supply with the volume of sight drafts with GDP.

Article is written in Ukrainan


Azizov H. S., Posna O. A.
On the Law of Uneven Development of Ukrainian Regional Economy and Social Levelling of Income of the Population (p. 41 - 47)

The article considers problems of uneven development of regional economies and their interrelation in ensuring economic growth of the national economy of Ukraine. It shows that levelling income of the population by regions through budget re-distribution and financial support of development and economic growth of regions should be carried out with consideration of contribution of each region and prospects of its development into the common economic growth of the national economy. The system of levelling regional development indicators should take into account their quantitative and qualitative characteristics as well as assessments of the level of their socio-economic development.

Article is written in Russian


Hrechana S. I., Hrinchuk K. S.
Merger and Acquisition Market: from World Experience to National Practice (p. 47 - 52)

The goal of the article lies in identification of tendencies and prospects of development of the merger and acquisition market of Ukraine in the context of influence of the world M&A experience upon this process under conditions of globalisation. In the result of the study the article analyses the most significant merger and acquisition operations that took place in the world practice and in Ukraine in recent years. The article reveals and deeply assesses the variety of motives and mechanisms of their realisation from the position of practice of developed countries and trans-national corporations and also domestic associations of enterprises. It shows that transactions of tough or forced character of acquisition prevail in Ukraine, specific features of which are not only the reduced cost but also direct belonging of buyers to oligarchic-political structures. It explains negative influence of these specific features upon volume and activity of the national M&A market. It formulates and offers a system of state and economic subjects measures, immediate application of which would allow creation of favourable conditions for development of the national merger and acquisition market.

Article is written in Ukrainan


Kolesnichenko I. M.
Development of E-government in Ukraine: Institutional Aspect (p. 52 - 57)

The article is devoted to the topical problem of development of e-government in Ukraine. Its goal is to specify the e-government notion, analyse the modern state and identify ways of acceleration of development of the e-government system in Ukraine from institutional positions. It establishes that e-government becomes a real alternative to the traditional government in the process of transition to the information society. The main obstacles on the way of its introduction in Ukraine are: the problem of digital inequality, high price and complexity of realisation of individual transaction services and regulations, absence (or imperfection) of the legal base, lack of high quality specialists in state institutions and insufficient level of wages and also insufficient financing of the programme of realisation of the state concept of e-government development. The article shows the necessity of acceleration of rates of introduction of the “Concept of Electronic Government Development in Ukraine” and activation of performance of obligations regarding the national plan of OGP initiative and revision of the philosophy of the government and bureaucratic procedures at all levels of state administration.

Article is written in Ukrainan


Medvid V. Y.
Economic Regulation of Regional Development: Target Orientation and Functional Content (Conceptual Approach) (p. 57 - 61)

The article studies theoretical features, target orientation and functional content of economic regulation of regional development. It identifies the content of the “economic regulation of regional development” notion with respect to the region as a territory, economic system and economic space. It establishes that economic regulation of regional development is a system impact on certain parameters, revision of which would ensure positive dynamics in revision of basic characteristics of regions such as properties, features and boundaries. It identifies the main goal and complex of tasks (complexity, target character, variability, resource provision, addressness and manageability) of economic regulation of regional development. It shows directions of increase of efficiency of the system of economic regulation of regional development.

Article is written in Ukrainan


Koliesnichenko A. S.
Institutional Grounds of State Regulation of Interrelation of Subjects of the Electric Energy Market (p. 61 - 70)

The article improves the theoretical and mathematical mechanism in order to put in order institutional grounds of state regulation of interrelations that appear between subjects of the energy market in the process of electric energy trade. The article establishes structural and logical links between institutional factors of economic development and those functions of the state, which the state regulation of interrelations of subjects of the electric energy market is based upon. Based on the evolution approach the article analyses institutional instruments of state regulation of interrelation of subjects of the electric energy market, which takes into account specific features of its operation, specific conditions of development and creates a scientific and methodical basis for formation of concepts, strategies and programmes of development of the market of electric energy at the state level. The article considers and offers ways of improvement of the regulatory and legal provision of the process of state regulation of inter-subject relations of participants of the electric energy market with the aim of increase of scientific justification of draft laws and taking into consideration urgent problems when improving and developing regulatory and legal acts.

Article is written in Ukrainan


BUSINESS INFORM №4-2014

Kovtun N. S.
Formation of Competitive Advantages of Human Resources in the National Economy (p. 29 - 34)

The article considers the problem of formation of competitive advantages of human resources. The article studies this problem with the use of system approach, institutional methods and universumics. It analyses various approaches with respect to the role of a human being in public production. It explains and groups the notions that identify competitive advantages of human resources, among them – development of human and social capitals. The human capital is considered as the economic form of realisation of human resources. The article shows importance of development of human capital in intellectual production, which forms creative qualities of a human being, and the creative person becomes a bearer of the creative potential of human resources and competitive advantage of the national economy. Social networks and social capital are considered as necessary conditions of formation and realisation of human capital – a component of human resources. The article provides the author’s definition of competitive advantages of human resources and their main factors. Human resources are defined as a relatively detached subsystem of the national economy, competitive advantages of which are a factor of competitiveness of the national economy.

Article is written in Ukrainan


Moskalenko O. M.
Institutes of Power, Their Effectiveness and Impact on Realisation of Economic Policy of Faster Growth (p. 34 - 38)

The goal of the article is justification of urgency and significance of effectiveness of power institutes for development of the long-term strategy of faster growth of Ukraine. The article analyses reasons of institutional regression in interaction of power institutes and corporate structures. It applies the method of institutional analysis, which allows study of substantial reasons of institutional regression, and disfunction of economic and political institutes of power. It justifies a necessity of a single vector of economic reforms in the country. It offers faster economic development of countries with the transformation economy, which is a jump over the institutional gap with attraction of market forces and institutional harmonisation. It shows that realisation of economic policy of faster development of the country requires both straightforward internal reforms and a range of financial possibilities, saturation of which is possible through the following ways: active use of the mechanism of state-private partnership in the innovation sphere, accumulation of internal investments, additional money emission for target innovation projects, creation of favourable conditions for direct international investments or obtaining long-term loan resources from pools of trans-national banks and international financial and credit institutions on the basis of determination of the optimal correlation between the sources of financing. The article develops main directions of the mechanism of task setting and formation of the organisational structure for realisation of the strategy of faster growth. It proves that efficient realisation of the strategy of faster growth in the country is significantly influenced by its history (path dependence), internal social dynamics (readiness of the society for changes and their support) and also a fundamental concept of the management, sufficiently thought over in order to provide citizens of the country with the vision of future positive changes.

Article is written in Russian


BUSINESS INFORM №5-2014

Bilyk M. D., Bilyk T. O.
State Sector of Economy in Foreign Countries and Problems of the National Sector (p. 36 - 42)

The article considers the condition of the domestic state sector of economy in developed countries, its rights, role, essence of national models and branch positions. It identifies main shortcomings in its formation, in particular, mistakes that were made by the Ukrainian power during privatisation of economy, policy of price formation on products and services of natural monopolies, low efficiency of operative management of state enterprises, and absence of effective state support of enterprises of the state sector. In order to increase efficiency of functioning of the national state sector, the article considers experience of developed countries. In the result a conclusion is made that the state should be a big economic subject that fills in the state budget by means of participation in the market economy. The article also shows that the state-private partnership, which is an indispensable factor of infrastructure development, attraction of private investments and introduction of innovations, should become an important institutional form of market economy.

Article is written in Ukrainan


Ilyash O. I., Mazyarko I. S.
Foundations of State Regulation in the Energy Sphere of Ukraine (p. 43 - 47)

The goal of the article is solution of scientific and applied tasks of formation of main principles of state regulation of the integral energy system of the country based on complex relations of its elements. Methodical and theoretical basis of the study are provisions of the theory of state regulation of the energy system, methodical instruments of realisation of energy policy of the state and also fundamental publications of domestic and foreign scientists, which deal with increase of energy security of the country, and stimulation and development of alternative energy sources. In the process of the study the article uses general scientific and special methods: abstract-logical (for showing theoretical grounds of state regulation of the energy sector), system analysis and theoretical generalisation (for justification of directions of improvement of state regulation of the energy system). The article shows that development and efficient functioning of the energy sphere is based on a specifically determined energy policy of the state. It shows that overcoming dependence on one supplier of energy, optimisation of their mechanism of tax management, liberalisation of energy markets, and also establishment of favourable conditions for investing into development of modern technologies and alternative sources of energy are main components of the energy policy of the state. It proves that the role of state regulation in the energy sphere significantly increased under modern conditions with consideration of the key significance of the energy sector in resource provision of economic development and increase of competitiveness of the state economy. The article develops conceptual grounds of state regulation in the energy sphere of Ukraine, directed at a clear energy policy of the state with the aim of ensuring energy independence and establishment of an economic mechanism of stimulation of production of renewable energy. Significance of the study lies in a necessity of establishment of an integral energy system of Ukraine and development of a mechanism of its state regulation as a natural monopoly.

Article is written in Ukrainan


Starovierov I. A.
Historical and Economic Factors That Form Modern Macro-economic Instability (p. 48 - 51)

The goal of the article is detection and consideration of the cause-effect relation that resulted in the modern macro-economic instability. The article considers and analyses causes of appearance of the current world economic situation. It shows the cause-effect relation of the current global economic processes. It takes into account the geopolitical component of the global economy. Which means it takes into account influence of interests of global players upon the common planetary economic environment. Special attention is paid to the main functional detail of the modern economy – money. The article considers and analyses the way of establishment of the global money unit – from US Dollar to FRS Dollar. Which means it clearly shows the way of the Dollar from the backed currency in the past to the modern non-backed currency – not standardised and not supported with anything. Namely this feature of the modern money – virtual value – allows their redundant issue with respect to real values, goods and services, equivalent of which, in fact, they are. And if the money supply, especially the global means of payment, might not correlate with the real situation and might not be a state banknote, the misuse is inevitable. In this connection the article describes and demonstrates the historical and economic way of establishment of this phenomenon. A conclusion and forecast are made with respect to tendencies of development of the modern global economic system.

Article is written in Russian


Chernysh I. V.
Problems of Conduct of Monitoring During Formation of the State Policy of Development of Tourism in Ukraine (p. 52 - 57)

The goal of the article lies in the study and detection of problems of monitoring during formation of the state policy of development of tourism industry in Ukraine. Having analysed and generalised works of leading scientists that deal with the said problems, the article considers main methods of study of tendencies of development of the tourism industry. The article assesses the content of the programme document of development of the tourism industry in Ukraine (State Programme of Tourism Development for 2002 – 2010) in the context of justification of identification of problems in the industry; analyses scientific approaches of scientists, by which the industry development problems are marked, and assesses a possibility of their use as a basis for monitoring by state institutes; and selects indicators for monitoring of problems of tourism industry development in Ukraine with their division by spheres. The article proves a necessity of development of methods of monitoring of tourism industry development, the use of which would allow establishment of cause problems and form a state policy of their solution by state institutions. The prospect of further studies in this direction is the study of problems of regulatory and legal regulation of tourism industry development in Ukraine.

Article is written in Ukrainan


Goryacheva K. O.
Model of Assessment of the Level of Sustainable Development of Industry with Consideration of Socio-ecological Factors of Influence (p. 57 - 62)

The goal of the article is development of a model of assessment of the level of sustainable development of industry with consideration of socio-ecological factors of influence. This model is directed at formation of the resulting information about the level of sustainable development of an enterprise and development of further solutions with respect to ensuring a higher level or maintaining the existing one. In the result of the study the article provides calculation of an integral indicator of assessment of the level of sustainable development of industry, the basis of which is formed by a balanced scorecard. The article allocates 5 blocks of influence upon sustainable development of an enterprise: owners, business processes, clients, employees and products. It uses sustainability zones for interpretation of the calculated value of the integral indicator of assessment of the level of sustainable development of an industrial enterprise. It justifies selection of the further strategy of enterprise development with consideration of its belonging to a specific zone of sustainability. The developed model of assessment of the level of sustainable development of an industrial enterprise allows determination of the level of its sustainability with consideration of factors of macro- and micro-environment and also could be used for assessment of sustainable development of enterprises from various branches of industry.

Article is written in Ukrainan


Klyuchko V. G.
Specific Features of Realisation of the Concept of Sustainable Development in the Transition Economy (p. 62 - 67)

The goal of the article is identification of specific features of the process of transition to sustainable development in countries with transition economy. The article considers ways and main components of the transition process. In particular, it analyses specific features and consequences of such processes as reorganisation and privatisation, liberalisation of prices and reduction of trade barriers, and also reforms of the legislation system. The article considers by means of which factors some countries managed to overcome the first priority problems connected with ensuring economic growth and what tasks countries faced in transition economies after the financial and economic crisis. In the result of the study the article proves that, as of today, formation of mechanisms that ensure sustainable development is important along with formation of new methods and mechanisms of regulation of economic relations. As analysis shows that due to the fact that countries with transition economy differ by the level of their development, available resources and institutional structures, it is difficult to give a general characteristics of the process of transition to sustainable development for this group, however, it is possible to allocate general features of this process. In particular, on the one hand, countries withy transition economy have all necessary pre-requisites for transition to sustainable development, on the other hand, their development depends on the situation in developed countries, requires attraction of a bigger volume of resources and, as a result, re-consideration of the existing model of development. Prospects of further studies lie in identification of specific features of introduction of the concept of sustainable development at national levels.

Article is written in Ukrainan


Mykytas V. V.
Institutional Grounds of Formation of Efficient State Policy (p. 68 - 72)

The article considers main aspects of the institutional theory, influence of institutes upon state economy functioning. Complex socio-economic processes that took place in Ukraine set a number of practical tasks regarding economic development of the country, namely: formation of an efficient economic policy of the state should solve these problems. The article shows that an important place in the process of formation of the state economic policy is taken by building an efficient system of institutes, which should be based on establishment of “own” ethnic institutes that combine experience of previous generations and scientific grounds of future development. An important condition of formation of an efficient economic policy of the state is establishment of a strong system of institutes, which would facilitate economic development of the country. The author believes that combination of principles of the institutional theory with Keynesianism principles is a necessary condition for formation of the efficient state economic policy.

Article is written in Ukrainan


BUSINESS INFORM №6-2014

Tymoshenko O. V.
Methodological Approaches to Assessing the Level of Economic Security (p. 32 - 37)

The article analyzes the views of economists regarding methodologies for assessing the level of economic security, considered approved at the legislative level of economic security assessment methodology in the context of the main indicators and their thresholds. Author highlights the major contradictions of the existing scientific and methodological approaches, which in turn reduces the reliability of the results of their application. The need for the further development of theoretical and methodological basis of the evaluation system of economic security in the domestic science with the development of various fields and sectors of the economy was proved. A systematic analysis of the main indicators of economic security for 2009 - 2013 was carried out. And reasonable conclusions were made about the fact that the vast majority of indicators is adverse (critical) areas. The methodology of integrated assessment of economic security of the state, which includes the use of general indicators by components of economic security justification thresholds, to allow testing of the methodology by evaluating and predicting the level of economic security from the perspective of representation and information content and to develop measures to prevent existing threats by components of economic security.

Article is written in Ukrainan


Solodovnik O. O.
Interests and Benefits of the Public-private Partnership Parties (p. 38 - 42)

The aim of the article is to determine the interests of participants of modern public-private partnerships and the evidence for the benefits that they receive in such an interaction, to develop effective mechanisms to encourage business activity in this area and the formation of communication strategies for each project, a public-private partnership. Study of historical aspects of the formation and development of partnership between the state and business has allowed establishing of changes in the targets of modern public-private partnerships, which are fleshed out in the context of the work of state, private and public. Based on analysis of the unique characteristics of each of the partners it was found that this form of cooperation contributes to a fuller realization of their inherent functions to minimize their "weakness" and additional benefits in the form of benefits. As a result of the study were identified and systematized advantages of public and private partners, which they acquire in this interaction, as well as the benefits of the project implemented on public-private partnership. It was reasoned that dissemination of this information to potential partners and the public will contribute to the development of public-private partnership in Ukraine and provide a positive public perception of the relevant projects. Prospects for further research in this direction are the development strategy of public-private partnership in Ukraine and recommendations for the creation of communication strategies for public-private partnership.

Article is written in Ukrainan


Popova N. V.
Features of the Design Approach to the Organization of Transport and Trade Logistics Cluster (p. 43 - 48)

The purpose of this article is to consider the specific application of the design approach to the organization of transport and trade logistics cluster (TTLC). Cluster approach to the formation of the economy is one of the most effective for improving the competitiveness of the territories. On the stages of the cluster formation it has features of a project, so for its implementation it is advisable to use the design approach. To implement the design approach its special features were considered for TTLC, control system of design activities for the TTLC organization, cycles of changes: occurring on project phases, directions assess project performance, project management based on the creation TTLC basic functional areas. Effective project management of TTLC creation requires further simulation of a project management system, review methodologies for assessing the effectiveness of its organization and functioning, as well as a posteriori evaluation of the project. Methodological approaches to the creation of TTLC based design approach can be used in regions where there are certain conditions. This will greatly facilitate the development of positive results, both in economic and social spheres.

Article is written in Ukrainan


BUSINESS INFORM №7-2014

Vysochyn I. V., Bogoslavets G. M., Trybei O. M.
Development of the Domestic Market as a Base to Regain Sustainability of Economy of Ukraine (p. 55 - 60)

The article substantiates the need to improve the functioning of the internal market in Ukraine by creating an integrated system of assessment and management of its condition. The investigation of the major international ratings of most of the world has allowed to define the low level of development of the domestic market of Ukraine and the general business environment. Based on the analysis of indicators such as the volume of commodity production, the amount of nominal and real income, consumer spending, effective metrics for trade, the main problems of the domestic market of Ukraine were identified. The study could identify priorities for the formation of a deliberate policy in the management of the internal market, which should be implemented at the state level, at the local government level and at the level of individual economic entities. It is proved that the restoration of stability and further growth of the economy of Ukraine in the conditions of global and national crisis is directly related to the development of the internal market for goods and services.

Article is written in Russian


Koposov G. A., Mykhailyk S. V.
Organizational-economic Mechanism of more Efficient Use of Renewable Energy Sources (p. 61 - 64)

The concept of sustainable development requires the rational use of all natural resources, the introduction of resource- and energy-saving technologies, minimizing the amount of waste to maintain the ecological balance. The use of renewable energy is one of the possible solutions to the problem. Energy production on the basis of renewable energy sources (RES) is equivalent to savings in public spending equal to the cost of energy produced by conventional methods in the appropriate amounts. From this it follows that it would be reasonable to remove energy costs for the manufacturer on the basis of renewable energy sources to at least half the sum of the savings which significantly increase production efficiency. This paper presents a methodical approach to determine the effectiveness of the use of renewable energy sources. An algorithm for state regulation of energy production based on renewable energy was developed. The mathematical model of optimization of energy production was proposed and validated. Microeconomic model of production was supplemented with specific solution when variable factors of production are at a cost close to zero as make up factors are not currently economic benefits.

Article is written in Russian


Branovytskiy V. V.
Corporate Conflict as an Integral Part of Market Relations (p. 65 - 70)

The purpose of this work is to study and synthesize the theoretical and practical aspects of corporate conflict. The author comes from the fact that it is the relationship between parties that emerges on the basis of a corporate conflict leads to a redistribution of property. Redistribution can occur with the use of both market and non-market (antagonistic) mechanisms. This relationship implies mutual dependence and the strategic importance of the influence of the corporate form of governance. The article also describes the main groups involved in the conflict, the vectors of interest, and the development process of absorption, which is based on corporate conflict. In particular, special attention is paid to issues of institutional development of the corporate form of government in Ukraine. The influence of the corporate form of control on the humanization of society was studied. The corporate conflicts antagonistic nature was examined, which becomes the basis for the raiders, greenmail, and violent entrepreneurship. Recommendations were made on the formation of informal institutions that can resolve conflicts at an early stage. A number of trends specific to the market of property redistribution were generalized, where a corporate conflict in Ukraine exists.

Article is written in Ukrainan


BUSINESS INFORM №8-2014

Tyshchenko O. P., Zanizdra S. А.
State Cluster Policy in the Context of the Formation of an Innovative Model of Development of the National Economy (p. 34 - 39)

The purpose of the article is to study the current state of existing obstacles to progress in the clustering process in the national economy of Ukraine, the nature and justification of components of the state of cluster policy as a non-alternative direction to accelerate the transition to an innovative model of development in the context of globalization. A content analysis of the main cluster strategies was analyzed and their crucial role in the formation of the state of cluster policy was shown. The attention is focused on the lack of legal, informational, and other components necessary for the practical implementation of the cluster approach in the economic activity in the domestic economic environment. The positive experience of clustering, accumulated in the state at the regional level, in particular in the Kharkiv region was assessed and summarized. Priority measures to create and maintain a holistic mechanism for the formation of the state of cluster policy was suggested. Suggestions and recommendations on legal, organizational, financial, human, scientific, methodological and statistical support for the clustering process were substantiated, the implementation of which will contribute to the development of public-private partnership in the implementation of innovation.

Article is written in Ukrainan


Vasyltsiv T. G., Tsap M. V.
A Generalization of the Conceptual Foundation of Organizational-Economic Mechanism and Instruments of State Structural Policy of Import Substitution (p. 40 - 44)

In the article the urgency of clarifying the theoretical principles of state regulation of import in Ukraine is grounded. The results of conceptual studies on common characteristics, mechanisms and instruments of state policy of import substitution were generalized. The need for clarification was proved and own definition of the concept of organizational-economic mechanism of state regulation of the structural policy of import substitution was provided. The study identified targets and direction of structural regulation of economic relationships that are subject to state regulation of the structural policy of import substitution. Organizational and economic directions of the organizational-economic mechanism of regulation of import were established, as well as their effective tools were determined for groups: stimulating domestic production and discourage imports.

Article is written in Ukrainan


Bilovska O. O.
Competitiveness Rating of Ukraine and Ways to Improve State Support for Priority Sectors (p. 45 - 50)

The paper attempts to explore the causes of the low competitiveness of products from leading industries of Ukraine on international rankings after joining the WTO. Comparison of profiles of competitiveness of Ukraine, Poland, Estonia and other countries in the global competitiveness ranking reflects the unsatisfactory situation in our country. Generalization of the work of leading Ukrainian and foreign scientists shows the possible direction of a significant change in the system of state support for competitiveness within the European integration process. The author grounds the propositions of a conceptual nature to rethinking on existing practices of state support to priority sectors in the context of globalization. The experience of a number of EU countries, including the Baltic States, the experience of which turned out to be more successful than in Ukraine, in the framework of the WTO. On this basis, the author carried out a comparative analysis of their own situation in Ukraine and Finland's top five features. This authoring shows not only the lost opportunities of Ukraine in matters of active government support to priority sectors, but also provides a reference point in the main areas to replicate the experience of Finland.

Article is written in Russian


BUSINESS INFORM №9-2014

Yenina A. O., Seredina H. V.
Security System of the Country and Threatening Economic Processes: Shadowing and Criminalization of the Economy (p. 41 - 47)

The article is aimed at the analyzing of the economic security of the State, the identification of problems regarding the understanding of the country's security issues and main structural elements, the relationships with such threatening processes, as shadowing and criminalization of the economy. When analyzing, systematizing and summarizing the scientific works from scientists, the structural components of the security system of the country were revealed, position and role of financial security in the economic and national security of Ukraine were grounded, the substance of shadowing and criminalization of the economy were revealed. Causes of development of the shadow economy and its components (informal, hidden, crime) were discovered. The study determined a negative influence of the shadow economy and criminalization of the economy on the security system of the State.

Article is written in Ukrainan


Kolesnyk V. M.
Formation of Hierarchical Multi-level Structure of the Resource Saving (p. 52 - 56)

The aim of this work is the development of methodological approaches to the formation of a hierarchy of levels of resource saving. The article describes the approaches and methods to the study of advanced uses of natural resource potential of the country, a different interpretation and the analysis of the definitions of "resources" and "resource saving" was given, own interpretation of these concepts was offered by the author. The urgency of the need to address resource saving as a multilevel economic category was grounded. The formation of a hierarchical multi-level structure of resource saving based on the compilation and analysis of approaches to the definition of the concepts of "resources" and "resource saving" as economic categories was also suggested. The interrelation of all levels of this hierarchy was shown. A definition for each level of the hierarchy of resource saving was proposed: technological resource saving; resource saving at an enterprise level; industrial resource saving; regional resource saving; national resource saving; resource saving at the international level; global resource saving.

Article is written in Russian


BUSINESS INFORM №10-2014

Kolupaieva I. V.
Approaches to the Interpretation of the Instruments of the Regulatory Policy (p. 48 - 55)

The article is aimed at the scientific and theoretical substantiation of the instruments as well as synthesis of the existing classifications of the regulatory policy instruments. The concept of «instrument» was fully analyzed in different contexts, in the works of both foreign and domestic scholars. The author's own understanding of the concept of «instrument» is proposed. The main features of the regulatory policy instruments were highlighted, namely: the use of the instruments is based on the current legislation; the instruments are directed to a certain process or an object; the instruments are applied directly by the public authorities. The classifications of the regulatory policy instruments were analyzed, the various views of the domestic scientists regarding the classification of the fiscal and budgetary instruments were presented in detail. It was defined, that taxation instruments of the regulatory policy are of the most common classification. The classifications of instruments were generalized and complemented by the fiscal, budgetary and social ones.

Article is written in Ukrainan


Lanhovoi V. O.
Trends of Implementation of the Sustainable Development Concept in the Industrial-Financial and Investment Activity of the Corporations in Ukraine (p. 56 - 66)

The article is aimed at defining and studying of the social role and place of business in conducting of the State and regional policy for sustainable development. The article analyzes the background and the possibilities of implementing the principles of sustainable development by the corporations in Ukraine. The companies, which implement the conception of sustainable development at all stages of their strategies, were identified. The main trends in the implementation of the principles of sustainable development were highlighted and the directions of realization of the economic, social and environmental components of the studied companies were specified. Examples of realization of the above components of sustainable development were provided. Also a correlation between dynamics of profits of the analyzed companies and dynamics of proportions of financing the measures for implementation of the concept of sustainable development, based on selected indicators and the cross-correlation matrix, was presented in the article. It was determined that increase of the production quality remains a priority measure of the enterprises activity in the field of sustainable development. The least common to the analyzed companies are measures to protect natural resources and cooperation with the public sphere. Most enterprises do not have a clear mechanism for monitoring the implementation of programs or activities on sustainable development, and the level of cooperation with the major groups of stakeholders are relatively low. It was noted that conditions pursuant to a motivated implementation of the activities related to sustainable development are absent in the Ukrainian economy. The solution of the existing problems in the theory and practice of implementing the conception of sustainable development would reduce economic and social disparities, create trust relationships between business, society and the State.

Article is written in Ukrainan


Dedikov O. I.
On the Formation of the Priorities of Financial and Economic Development of Ukraine at the Present Stage (p. 66 - 71)

Issues relating to the determination of the main directions of the modern development of agriculture in Ukraine were studied, with primary attention paid to the current economic and financial problems. The problems facing the national economy of Ukraine in the light of the structural reforms and of the driving forces to actuate the mechanism of the economic development of the national economy complex of Ukraine were displayed. Prospects for the development of the national economy of Ukraine have improved somewhat recently, but the path to the progressive changes is still difficult. The economic efficiency of activity of the economic entities of Ukraine, especially in major industries, remains unsatisfactory. Such state of things is due to the low competitiveness of the Ukrainian economy and owing to certain contradictions and delays in the implementation of the structural and systemic reforms. The country's economy has suffered from the slow progress in the level of quality of production and the social infrastructure. On this basis, Ukraine needs to implement a system of activities that stem from the factors of internal economy processes at the level of economic entities.

Article is written in Ukrainan


Iliash N. I.
Structural and Comparative Analysis of Supportability of the Investment and Innovation Functional Components of the Economic Safety of the Real Sector of the Economy (p. 72 - 78)

The article is aimed at the study of decomposition of the investment-innovative securing of the economic safety, the structural and comparative analysis of supportability of the investment and innovation functional components of the economic safety of the real sector of the national economy, as well as the proof of its quantitative and qualitative disadvantages. The article reviews different results and proposals as to decomposing of the investment and innovation (science and technology) components at the macro level of the safety management of the national economy. The indicator «level of depreciation of the fixed assets» is defined as an important characteristic of the investment supportability of the economic entities. The insufficient investment activity in the majority of the basic entities of the economic activities in the State was revealed. The negative influence of disadvantages in the investment area on results of the innovation activity of the domestic actors in the real sector of national economy was grounded. A lack of the appropriate structural ratios for the investment sources of innovation activity in Ukraine was recognized. It was proved that a significant disadvantage is the low investment activity of both the State and the local communities in supporting the innovation area. The need for improving the activity of the State structures for perfection of the normative-methodical securing of the depreciation policy of entities of the basic economic activities was identified. The results of analysis of the structural components of the investment and innovation safety of the real sector of the economy of Ukraine were summarized. The significance of the study consists in proving the need of an evaluation of the structural components of the investment and innovation components to ensure the economic safety of the basic economic activities.

Article is written in Ukrainan


BUSINESS INFORM №11-2014

Kyryluyk A. O.
State Regulation of Monopolized Markets in Ukraine (p. 30 - 35)

The article is aimed to study the characteristics of functioning of different types of monopolies, justify the use of appropriate tools for anti-monopoly policy, as well as to identify ways of improving the anti-monopoly regulation. When analyzing various types of monopoly formations in the economy, causes of occurrence and of functioning of different types of monopolies were identified. The study revealed the effects of different types of monopoly formations on the economy. The need for use of relevant tools for anti-monopoly policy, intended to regulate the activities of different types of monopolies was grounded. Expedience of use of appropriated instruments of anti-monopoly policy in different markets was substantiated, that would take into account the characteristics of each particular market to improve the overall situation. The prospect of further research in this area is substantiation of use of anti-monopoly policy tools in different markets and improvement of anti-monopoly regulation in general.

Article is written in Ukrainan


Khaustova V. Y., Yaldin I. V.
Industrial Policy: Meaning and Significance (p. 36 - 42)

In the article significance of industrial policy for the economies of the world are analyzed, stages of its development in European countries as well as goals and peculiarities are considered. Interpretation of the terms «policy», «industry», «industrial policy» is updated. The main approaches to redefining the concept of «industrial policy» are identified. The main features of the industrial policy are allocated. Differences of interpretations of the term and background to their origination are analyzed.

Article is written in Ukrainan


BUSINESS INFORM №12-2014

Savchenko A. M.
Methods of Forsyth as a Tool for Development of the Corporate Sector of the National Economy of Ukraine (p. 62 - 68)

The article is aimed to study of methods of Forsyth in the regulation of the corporate sector of the national economy of Ukraine. In the article the content of Forsyth as process for designing the future scenario for solving the challenges of the medium-and long-term perspectives are presented, which is based on methods for evaluation, tools for creating and adjusting the priorities of social and economic development, that should lead to the integrated introduction of initiatives and achievement of the defined goals. Opportunities for using methods of Forsyth in regulation of the corporate sector of the national economy of Ukraine were analyzed. Expediency of implementation of Forsyth research in forming the State mechanism for the regulation of the corporate relations has been substantiated. An introduction of a State Forsyth-Center as a tool for State regulation of the corporate sector of the national economy of Ukraine has been proposed. It has been determined that Forsyth in the regulation of the corporate sector of the national economy of Ukraine is the technology for the national selection of new directions of the State policies, identification of key technologies, necessary social transformations and managerial decisions that define the development prospects for corporations, serve the consolidation and harmonization of interests of the participants in the corporate relations.

Article is written in Ukrainan


Babyna O. Y., Komarova A. A.
Mechanism for Increase of Level of the Socially Responsible Activity of Enterprises of Ukraine (p. 69 - 74)

In the article provisions of the concept of social responsibility of the Ukrainian enterprises are summarized. As result of a study, mechanism for increase of level of the corporate social responsibility was formed, which includes both principles and factors – incentives of influence on the level of social responsibility, tools for raising the level of social responsibility depending on subjects of social oriented activities, and results of implementation of the conception of social responsibility. This mechanism can be used by enterprises and other actors of social oriented activities for better understanding of the conception of social responsibility of the business (CSB), as well as tools for implementation of the conception. For the development of social responsibility of the business in Ukraine necessary is, first of all, that substance of this notion is explained to the society, efforts of the business and the State are joined by establishing of common social programs to address the urgent needs of the society and to prevent emergence of new crises. On part of the State this means creation of a favorable investment climate, predictability and stability of the «rules of game», transparency of information, establishing of a mechanism for civilized lobbying of the business interests and an open dialog with the business about the development of the country.

Article is written in Ukrainan


Kravets R. A.
Forecasting of Trends in the Global Stock Markets and their Effect on the Development of the Real Sector of Economy of Ukraine (p. 75 - 84)

The article is aimed at studying of possibilities of forecasting trends in the global stock markets and their effect on the development of the real sector of the economy of Ukraine. Forecasting of trends in the stock markets is considered as an important mechanism of forming of management information that is related to high agility of stock markets on the changes in economic processes. In connection with this, characteristics of stock markets are analyzed in the article and, on the basis of the leading stock indexes of the individual regions of the world, a forecast of development of trends of the world economy as well as their impact on the economy of Ukraine is formed. Key areas of adaptation of the national economy in general and its real sector in particular towards the global economic trends have been identified. Promising directions for future research are seeking ways to improve the mechanisms of forecasting of mechanisms of stock market trends and the tools for development of the domestic stock market, as well as defining possibilities of adaptation of the real sector of economy of Ukraine to changes in the world economic trends.

Article is written in Ukrainan


Omarov Shakhin A.
Conception of Sustainable Development in the Legislation of Ukraine and the Countries of the World, Practice of its Implementation (p. 85 - 95)

The article is aimed to analyze the legislative regulation for ensuring the sustainable development of world's countries and Ukraine, as well as practice of regulation of the sustainable development and determining, on this basis, directions of the further development. In order to achieve the desired goal, the article examines elements of the mechanism for regulating the sustainable development. The legal framework for sustainable development of Ukraine and its regions has been analyzed. The peculiarities of interpretation of the term of «sustainable development» in the legislation of Ukraine have been considered. The institutions of civil society in Ukraine, which can contribute to sustainable development, have been determined. Experience in regulation for sustainable development of other countries, such as Denmark, Norway, Iceland, Sweden, Finland, Germany has been analyzed. Specific features of regulation for sustainable development in the CIS countries also were taken into consideration. Areas for further improvement of the legislation and practice of regulation for sustainable development in the countries of the world have been identified.

Article is written in Ukrainan


BUSINESS INFORM №1-2015

Shkarlet S. M., Kholiavko N. I.
Transformation of the National Economic System with the Cognitive-Informational Features: Endogenous and Exogenous Resources (p. 59 - 66)

In the context of solving challenges of building the economy of information type in the state is necessary to form the optimization complex of the means, methods and tools for process-closed control to ensure the safety of function of the national economic system with elimination of destructive factors of influence on processes of state-building in the context of resource constraints and threats to socio-political arrangements in Ukraine. Scientific and practical basis for transformation of the national economic system are researched. In the article, scientific priority as to elaborating the adequate modeling solutions and the use of system-universal technologies of the cognitive-informational strategizing is substantiated. The authors have accentuated the identification of internal and external resources of transformation of the national economic system with the cognitive-informational features.

Article is written in Ukrainan


Kulyk V. V.
Decentralization and Fiscal Consolidation in Management of the Reproduction Processes of the Non-Financial Corporations Sector (p. 66 - 71)

Issues of integration of management accounting of the micro-and mezo-economy are considered on example of the institutional sector of non-financial corporations (NFC) within the conception of UNо system of national accounts. Several variants of simplified accounts system for reproduction of the matrix form have been proposed and built, which has formed the basis for analysis and interpretation of the reproduction processes at the micro- and meso-level. To analyze the structure and structural dynamics of accounts the method of system dynamics is applied. Construction of a simplified theoretical-practical matrix model for meso-level was carried out with a view to achieving some of the target tasks, approved in the course of the study, namely: 1) fiscal consolidation and system analysis of reproduction processes of the institutional sector; 2) studying the dynamics of the sector development on the basis of quarterly national accounts; 3) creating a framework for decentralized management of the reproduction processes of the sector; 4) expansion and modification of the model in terms of further research; 5) preparation of general methodological recommendations for control of reproduction processes of the sector. On the basis of the proposed accounts system, analysis of the critical reproduction processes of the institutional sector of the NFC of the Ukrainian national economy for 2011-2014 has been carried out and the basic reasons for the economic downturn has been identified. Steps to overcoming the crisis in terms of the decentralized model of management and enhancement of the regulatory functions of the State has been proposed. As information basis for the research were used the open and accessible data of the quarterly national accounts of Ukraine.

Article is written in Ukrainan


Romanchuk S. V.
Increasing the Ecological and Economic Efficiency of Waste Recycling: State Incentives and Barriers (p. 72 - 77)

The article is aimed to study the ecological and economic efficiency in a inextricable interconnection with the State policy of promoting alternative energy. The essential problem of unprofitableness of sugar factories poses new challenges for the industry as a whole. A large number of sugar factories are now closed, the others are in the process of liquidation. These processes are resulting from inefficient technologies, significant State regulation and lack of transparency of the market. Outdated equipment that is physically and morally worn, dramatically affects the environment. In spite of the fact that enterprises are related to the food industry, the impact of harmful waste almost completely changed the ecosystem of the area: contaminated groundwater, sustained intense smell, unusable soil. All this is a small part of the influence of the sugar factories on the environment. Energy efficiency in sugar factories, though improving, still remains many times lower than in the EU. That is why in the article the current situation of financing and State support for sugar factories to improve the ecological and economic efficiency is studied. Tax benefits that may be granted to a sugar factory, seeking to go to the system of waste recycling intended for the production of biofuels, were analyzed. The main disadvantages and barriers of legislation are indicated, the necessary changes are proposed. An analysis of «green» tariff for sugar factories, seeking to produce biofuels from the waste of production as a major source of energy, is presented.

Article is written in English


Bubenko O. P.
Features of Basic Models of the Energy Saving Management in Housing and Communal Services, Tasks of the Choice (p. 78 - 84)

Differences as to system of energy consumption and energy efficiency between housing enterprises, communal services enterprises and the entities in the other sectors of economy are analyzed and detalized. Features of building a modern system of processes control for energy saving in terms of housing enterprises, based on the mechanisms of self-financing and public-private partnerships, which are well-proven in the European Union, have been considered. The results of research of the basic models for management of energy saving in the industry branch, where the reduction in energy consumption is a national-level strategic objective, are presented. Six varieties of conceptual modeling of energy saving process as well as issues of methodical support of the practical measures in order to reform the housing and communal services have been considered. They include models of choice in architecture and projecting (ChAP), program-target planning (PTP), European classification of types of buildings (ECT), interrelations of the sub-industry complexes (ISC), an optimized version of energy efficiency (OVEE), as well as project and program management (PPM). Also the economic components of the process of projecting energy efficient buildings on the basis of implemented innovative technologies have been considered.

Article is written in Ukrainan


BUSINESS INFORM №2-2015

Shevchenko B. O.
Priorities of Formation of System of Managing a Public-Private Partnership in the National Economy (p. 72 - 77)

The article is aimed at substantiation of the theoretical and methodological foundations of structure of system of managing a public-private partnership (PPP), and selection in the main levels of the managerial functions with consideration for the functioning of the national economy. The structural-functional method of scientific analysis, used in the study, helped to identify that a PPP management system is a complex of structural elements of the national economy, combined by the various, specific contents, links and relationships through mutual integration of interests, responsibilities and risks. This system contains the institutions, processes, economic instruments of targeted action and incentives, creating the terms for motivated effective partnership of the state and private enterprising structures. The author's vision of the PPP control structures has been presented, providing the three main levels: macroeconomic, mesoeconomic, microeconomic. Directions for further research include comparative analysis of efficiency of certain forms of control of the PPP in accordance with the objectives of specific projects.

Article is written in Ukrainan


Solodovnik O. O., Dokunina K. I.
Factors, Influencing the Process of Formation and Implementation of Energy-Saving Programs at the Enterprises of Housing and Communal Services (p. 82 - 87)

In the article actual issues of studying the factors, influencing the process of formation and implementation of energy-saving programs at the enterprises of housing and communal services, are considered. During the research, the domestic practice of formation and implementation of such programs was analyzed and the main factors influencing this process were identified. Using expert estimation, the selected factors were ranked by the level of decreasing importance, which made possible to clarify that the greatest influence on the formation and implementation of energy-saving programs at the domestic enterprises of housing and communal services currently are those that relate directly to the stage of implementation of energy-saving programs. It has been determined that a priority direction of improving the energy-saving policy in Ukraine will be an adaptation to domestic conditions of world's management practices for financing infrastructure projects with the use of modern financial instruments – such as revenue-yielding bonds.

Article is written in Ukrainan


BUSINESS INFORM №3-2015

Bilinec M. Y.
Endowment Fund as an Alternative Source of Financing Higher Education (p. 35 - 39)

The article discusses the essence, objectives, main features and purposes of establishing the endowment funds. Historical backgrounds and main stages of development of the largest and most famous endowment funds raised in the United States and Great Britain have been identified. Both the current state and development dynamics of the endowment, related to the Universities in the United States, has been analyzed. Also the current state and development of endowment in Russia is examined, following the adoption in 2006 of the law «On the order of formation and use of endowment funds of non-profit organizations». The basic models of managing the endowment funds, which emerged during their functioning, have been considered. Differences in the formation and management of endowment in the United States and in Russia are compared in accordance with their legal and regulatory frameworks. Development of endowment in Ukraine has been studied, problems in this area as well as measures to improve their formation and management, based on international experience, has been determined.

Article is written in Ukrainan


BUSINESS INFORM №4-2015

Barchuk V. P., Sus T. Y.
Directions of Innovative-Technological Development of Industrial Production of Region (p. 58 - 62)

In the article an analysis of strategies for innovative-technological development of the industrial potential of region is conducted. At the present stage of choosing ways for innovative-technological development implementation of the four strategies is possible: strategy of imitative technologically dependent type; strategy of progressive technologically independent type; development of innovation centres; innovative breakout. The underlying principles and priorities of strategies have been considered. It has been proposed to use the experience of China and Singapore in the promotion of high-qualified personnel training in the developed countries of the world as the conditions for implementing the strategy of innovative breakthrough. This approach allows to quickly and efficiently transfer knowledge by stimulating the returning home of graduates from prestigious universities and their employment at leading national universities, research laboratories and research centres of industrial corporations. It has been noted that under present conditions there is an acute need for global modernization of the technology base of the country and regions, as well as formation of innovation orders by the State for the both civil and defence sectors.

Article is written in Ukrainan


BUSINESS INFORM №5-2015

Dmytruk S. M.
Formation of Socio-Economic Mechanism for Preserving the Human Capital of Ukraine in Terms of Crisis (p. 59 - 64)

The article substantiates the conceptual bases of formation of the socio-economic mechanism, which is aimed at reducing the negative impact of crisis on the processes of creation, use, development and preserving of human capital. The main goal of its functioning, objectives, objects and subjects of administering, the blocks, in terms of which the processes of maintaining human capital are implemented, have been determined. The four blocks have been allocated, within the framework of which implementing of goals and objectives of this mechanism's functioning is fulfilled: regulatory and legal support; organizational-economic support; socio-economic security and economic-financial security. The carried out study provided for identifying such priorities for overcoming the negative impact of crisis on the possibility of preserving the human capital: elaboration and implementation of the State program for preserving the human capital as a strategic resource of recovery and development of the national economy; introduction of the State monitoring of the human capital indicators; formation of infrastructure for crisis management of the human capital; establishing a fair level of the State social standards; creation of conditions for development of regional labor markets; excretion of salaries out of the «shadow».

Article is written in Ukrainan


BUSINESS INFORM №6-2015

Pronoza P. V.
Analysis of the Inter-Industry Development Relations of Pathological Crisis Phenomena in the Real Sector of Economy of Ukraine (p. 48 - 53)

The publication is based on the assumption that close inter-industry relations in the economy can facilitate the penetration and development of crisis phenomena from one branch of the real sector to another. The research was aimed to explore the relations between pathological crisis developments in various branches of the real sector of economy of Ukraine and to identify the most influential sources of such phenomena on the basis of an analysis of dynamics of inter-industry cooperations. Based on the analysis of the «costs – output» tables for the economy of Ukraine in the time span of 2003-2012, the relationship of increasing material efficiency with development of crisis phenomena in metallurgy and machine-building was revealed. The study showed that the most significant were the mutual positive effects between trade imbalances in metallurgy, coke and petroleum production and chemical industries. An analysis of relations between investment imbalances and solvency allows to assert that the solvency crisis in one industry may facilitate crisis emergence and development in the industries, which act as suppliers. Most significantly, this effect is manifested in the relations of agriculture and machine-building industry.

Article is written in Russian


Mihus I. P., Minenko M. V.
Development of Mechanism for Ensuring Economic Security by Efforts of Security Providers (p. 54 - 59)

The article is aimed to develop a mechanism for ensuring economic security by efforts of security providers. The article discusses issues of countering threats, risk, fraud and abuse of job duties. The presence of a large number of threats to economic security of business entities necessitated elaboration of major directions of eliminating them. Specific feature of a system of economic security of business entities is that securing the enterprise is fulfilled in all directions and spheres of activity. On the basis of economic methods, the main levels and sources of threats to economic security have been allocated. One of the most effective tools for ensuring economic security is considered a mechanism combining the totality of legislative acts, regulations, incentives and incentives, methods, events, forces and means by which achievement of the objectives of security and implementation of the set tasks is provided.

Article is written in Ukrainan


BUSINESS INFORM №7-2015

Bondar-Podhurskaya O. V.
Middle Class as a Basic Condition to Sustainable Innovative Socially-Oriented Development of the Economy (p. 61 - 66)

The article is aimed to study the phenomenon of middle class as a basic condition for implementing the strategy for sustainable, innovative and social-centered development of the economy. The main trends in the development of middle class in both the world and the national economy have been analyzed. Actuality of existence of middle class in the State as a basic condition for the implementation of strategy for sustainable, innovative and social-centered development of both the production and the national economy as a whole has been substantiated. A list of State programs in the terms of socialization of production in order to meet the vital interests (VI) of population's majority and formation of middle class has been elaborated. It has been proposed, for the establishment of the State, which aspires to sustainability, create the conditions to meet the VI of its population's majority in the form of implementation of the programs, listed by the author, in the context of socialization of production. Otherwise, probability of crisis situations, especially in the economy as the concentrated expression of policy, increases.

Article is written in Russian


Hrynkevych S. S., Lupak R. L., Vasulkiv Y. V.
System Formation and the Related Structuring of Institutional Securing of Implementation of the State Policy for Development and Usage of Labor Potential of Ukraine (p. 67 - 72)

With the intensification of processes of intellectualization of national economy of Ukraine, dependence of economic complex on the system-structural, institutional securing of implementation of the State policy for development and usage of labor potential becomes increasingly expressive. An increasing importance would acquire not the normative legal documents at different levels, but the strategic documents, in which the purpose-oriented limits of both development and usage of labor potential are planned. The article is aimed at substantiation of the applicable tools for system formation as well as structuring of institutional securing of implementation of the State policy for development and usage of labor potential of Ukraine. The cognitive tools, used in the article, stems from its purpose and has diverse range of methods. The extent of formation of an institutional system of development and usage of Ukraine's labor potential have been determined, an improvement is proposed by means of developing and implementing the targeted strategic documents, especially considering the long-run period. The authors' assumption has been proved by a substantiated listing of the normative legal documents of this type as well as allocating their place in the general system of the State regulation of socio-labor relations. It has been proved that structuring the institutional securing of the State policy for development and usage of labor potential of Ukraine should aim at bridging the gap between labor and capital that will require the appropriate functional and resource provision, applying managerial tools and integrated evaluation of the obtained results.

Article is written in Ukrainan


Syrota V. S.
Regulatory Ways to Prevent Threats to the Economic Security of Enterprises (p. 72 - 77)

Approaches of the leading world countries to ensure the economic security of business entities have been considered. The main tasks of the State authorities in the matters of economic securing the business activities have been determined. The challenges of ensuring the economic security of enterprises in Ukraine as well as directions for solving problems at the State level are outlined. The necessity of separating threats to economic security of enterprise, both by the areas of their occurrence and by levels of threat, have been substantiated. It has been suggested to separate internal and external threats to the economic security of a business entity into the three levels: micro-, meso- and macro-level. The importance of addressing the economic security of enterprises at the macroeconomic level is described. The main directions of solving the present problems and options for State's action in each given direction have been determined. It is proved, that a comprehensive approach to solving the outlined problems will enable domestic enterprises to economically safe operation and will provide effective incentives for their development.

Article is written in Ukrainan


BUSINESS INFORM №8-2015

Yuhimets R. S.
Directions of Transforming the State Regulation of Contractual Relations at the Natural Gas Market of Ukraine in the Context of the European Third Energy Package (p. 35 - 40)

The European legislation does not impose specific rules, according to which national markets must be reformed, it merely defines the basic principles for their continued functioning. This article analyzes the formal foundations in the field of establishing minimum level of the quality standards as to market operation, determines the possible impact of market methods of the State regulation on the behavior of economic agents in the course of the introduction of European standards and principles. Differences in both licensing and natural gas contracts with operators have been disclosed: the main purpose of licensing is to protect end-users, whereas the main purpose of contracts with the TSO is provision of economic relations at the market. Therefore, on the basis of these positions, the leading European practices for regulating the licensing and natural gas contracts have been analyzed, influence of the basic and advanced requirements for the national market has been examined and a conclusion has been made that these requirements can become barriers to the openness of Ukrainian market.

Article is written in Ukrainan


Butenko N. V., Khalkovsky O. M.
State Economic Sector: Current Status and Prospects for Development (p. 41 - 46)

The article is aimed to define the features of both functioning and macroeconomic management of enterprises in the State economic sector as well as substantiate on this basis objectives for its modernization. The contemporary characteristics of the State economic sector have been analyzed, which has led to concluding that it plays an important role in ensuring competitiveness of the national economy, has the national and strategic importance to the economy and national security. The State sector share in the GDP of Ukraine has been analyzed, the topic of an optimal balance between private and public property has been considered. Special attention is paid to the development trends of the State sector in the economy of Ukraine. Key issues of the State-owned enterprises in the main economic sectors in Ukraine have been identified, namely: electric energy, oil and gas production, transport, machine-building, foods sector and agriculture, chemical industry, coal mining. The basic activities for modernization of the State economic sector have been projected.

Article is written in Ukrainan


Karpenko O. O.
Cluster's Social Responsibility as the Basis for Cluster Development (p. 47 - 52)

Beginning from 2000-ies, clusters successfully serve as new structural links of contemporary production in various world economies, becoming the network innovation ecosystems of a special class. Cluster has a dual nature: as to its functions it corresponds to an economic system, as a combination of entities – to a social phenomenon. At the present stage of development of the theory of clustering, there is not a clear formalized mechanism to harmonize both economic and social aspects in functioning of cluster. The article substantiates the necessity of forming and functioning of clusters on the principles of social responsibility, investigates the evolution of concepts of social responsibility, introduces into scientific circulation the concept of «cluster's social responsibility», builds a model and sets out the principles of the cluster's social responsibility. For a successful formation and functioning of cluster, it is necessary first and foremost to think about the public welfare rather than defend at any price the individual interests of each partner. It has been concluded that the formation and functioning of clustering of enterprises and organizations, science, education and the State on the principles of social responsibility is the objective necessity of development of both economy and society.

Article is written in Ukrainan


BUSINESS INFORM №9-2015

Sevostjanova G. S.
Reforming the System of Public Procurements in the Context of the European Integration Processes (p. 61 - 67)

The article analyzes reforming the system of public procurements in Ukraine in the context of the European integration processes and provides proposals for further directions of reforming, taking into account successful international practices. As result of research, the system of public procurements and its development in the independent Ukraine, phases of reforming in the context of the European integration processes, as well as compliance of the law of Ukraine of 10.04.2014 No.1197-VII «On fulfillment of public procurements» with standards of the European Union in the field of public procurements were analyzed; the main directions of reforming the public procurement system in accordance with the Association Agreement between Ukraine and the EU has been summarized. It is displayed that, despite a number of shortcomings in the system of public procurements, an active reforming and implementing in the legislation of the main requirements for public procurement in the EU is going on currently. Directions of further reforms of the public procurements system have been suggested. Prospects of the further research will be studying and analyzing international experience in implementing the electronic public procurements with a view to formulating proposals as to the best model for a native procurements system.

Article is written in Ukrainan


BUSINESS INFORM №10-2015

Abakumenko O. V., Marchenko N. A., Sirenko K. Y.
Resource Potential of Economic Growth as a Factor of Competitiveness for the National Economy (p. 61 - 68)

The article is aimed at both studying and evaluating the resource potential of the Ukrainian economy and its growth prospects. Problems of development of the national economy were considered in the context of ensuring its competitiveness. A complex of indicators for the economic development of the economy of Ukraine is presented, including: GDP, industrial production index, direct investments in the country, rate of innovation development. Some necessary measures to improve the competitiveness of the economy of Ukraine has been suggested. Prospects for further research in this area are definition of the priorities for both the economic development and stimulation of the most promising sectors of national production, which have a high competitive potential to enter the world market, as well as stabilizing the monetary and financial policies of the banking system, improving the system of regulation of competition as well as stimulation for the intensification of innovative processes in the economy to establish a post-industrial practice of development for the national economy.

Article is written in Russian


Potapova N. О.
Organizational-Economic Aspects of Leasing Operations in Terms of Accounting and Analysis (p. 69 - 73)

The article is aimed at studying the techniques for organization and implementation of different kinds of leasing dealings. It has been specified that in case of Ukrainian enterprises leasing gives the possibility for innovative transformations with a simultaneous solution of the task of economizing their financial resources. The principal order for organizing a tripartite leasing dealings has been determined. The adjustment at the legislative level, respecting differences between countries, of the distribution of certain types of risks connected with exploitation, destruction and damage of the object of leasing has been systematized. The legal securing of leasing in different countries as an essential condition for its successful development in the sphere of attracting foreign investment has been analyzed. The most significant advantages and disadvantages of leasing versus the buying-selling operations as well as attraction of credit resources have been generalized. Introduction into the domestic practice of leasing operations the generally accepted international principles requires considering the specifics of the domestic entrepreneurship and demands a significant amount of information of a systemic nature. The bulk of this information is generated through the accounting and analysis procedure. Thus, the prospects for further development in this direction are studying and generalization of both the accounting methodology and methods for analysis of leasing operations in terms of recipient of assets.

Article is written in Ukrainan


BUSINESS INFORM №11-2015

Buhaichuk N. V.
Social Vector in the Economic Development of the State: Genesis of Models and Conceptions (p. 108 - 113)

The article is aimed at studying the theoretical-methodological foundations of economic and social development as well as substantiation of interrelationship of economic development and the quality of the population's standard of living. The essence of the notion of «development» has been disclosed, scientific approaches by different authors to the definition of «economic development» has been provided. Differences between the categories of «economic growth» and «economic development» have been allocated. Models of economic development, which are divided in accordance with the main currents of economic thought on the Keynesian, neoclassical, institutional and new endogenous, have been explored. It has been found that the main determinants of economic development are human capital and accumulation of knowledge. It has been specified that as the priority factors of socio-economic development act the improvement of quality of the population's standard of living together with the possibility of meeting the needs of all members of society. It has been concluded that the effective functioning of the social complex provides formation of human capacity, which, in turn, will ensure the development of economy as a whole.

Article is written in Ukrainan


BUSINESS INFORM №12-2015

Denysov K. V.
Decentralization of Power in Ukraine: Administrative and Budgetary Aspects, National Security (p. 60 - 64)

The article researches the issue of practical implementation of the reform of local self-government and territorial organization of power in Ukraine (decentralization) in terms of administrative, budgetary aspects, as well as national security. The examination was based on such provisions of both the Constitution of Ukraine and the Budget Code, which have undergone and may undergo significant changes in the course of the reform of decentralization. The process and implications of establishment of the «united territorial communities» has been analyzed in the context of the administrative-territorial reform. Discrepancy of the declared principles of reforming both the administrative structure and budgetary system towards with decisions, which were adopted at an early stage, has been proven. Negative effects of fiscal decentralization for Zaporizhzhia region have been substantiated on the basis of the official statistics by the Ministry of Finance, State Treasury Service and the Department of Finance of the State regional administration. It has been proven that the level of fiscal dependency of the region has grown considerably since the introduction of the reform, own revenues of local budgets have been reduced against the background of increasing amounts of subsidies, which are transferred by the Government to the local self-government bodies from the central budget. It has been concluded that a subsequent scientific-practical substantiation as to processes for decentralizing power should be carried out, before making final decisions on it. As has been substantiated, this will ensure the positive impact of the indicated reform on the socio-economic situation in both Ukraine and Zaporizhzhia region, creating conditions for further transition to a sustainable development.

Article is written in Ukrainan


Marchenko V. M.
Forms of Public-Private Partnership in Ukraine (p. 65 - 70)

The article is aimed at systematization of legal possibilities for provision of functioning and development of the State-owned industrial enterprises of Ukraine by means of public-private partnership as an alternative to privatization of such enterprises. It has been proven that reducing the financing for the development of economic activities in Ukraine occurs against the background of growth of the State budget volumes. In the context of reducing the expenditures of the State budget, privatization of the State-owned enterprises has become a source of budgetary incomes. Systematizing the legislation of Ukraine in the part of opportunities of cooperation between the State and private capital provides for generalization of forms of public-private partnerships, including: concession, rental, lease, joint activities, production sharing agreement. There are both alternative forms of partnership and those that are implemented in some narrowly defined spheres of economic activity. Classification of forms of partnership allows to achieve the purpose which is conform with economic policy of the State.

Article is written in Ukrainan


Kulbaka V. M.
Infrastructural Restructuring of Economy of Ukraine in the Conditions of Financial and Socio-Political Crisis (p. 70 - 76)

The article considers the question of granting international credits to Ukraine, primarily by the IMF and the World Bank. The main cause of decline of the economy has been identified, in the author's opinion, it's the poor competence of the main legislative body of country, producing lobbyist laws and ignoring the need for an in-depth scientific substantiation of these laws. The article specifies importance of a radical change in the vector of investment policy of the State from the passively waiting to the dynamically proactive, allowing to provide modern technologies, which are indispensable today, considering the deplorable state of the science in the State. Attention has been drawn to the threat of losing leverages for centralized management of regions' economies in the process of implementing the declared decentralization plan, along with devolution of authority to the local bodies. An economic analysis of reasons that make international financial and credit organizations to cooperate with countries that have a low credit rating, among them Ukraine, has been conducted. The basic macroeconomic errors of the State in conditions of warfare and searching effective ways of revival of production and improvements in the sphere of employment have been considered.

Article is written in Ukrainan


BUSINESS INFORM №1-2016

Ashchaulov V. V.
Substantiating Recommendations on the Choice of an Efficient Strategy of the State Regulation for System of Monitoring Economy Branches (p. 67 - 71)

The article is concerned with substantiating recommendations on the choice of an effective strategy of the State regulation for system of monitoring economy branches. To display the financial aspect of the enterprise's strategic positioning in the sectoral environment, a modified ADL matrix was used. A matrix of choosing an optimum variant (scenario) of the enterprise's financial strategy has been considered taking into account possibilities of its use in the system of monitoring the development of economic sectors. Disadvantages in the use of modified ADL matrices and in choosing an optimum variant (scenario) financial strategy of the enterprise's financial strategy have been identified. Factors of internal and external environment, which affect the strategic choice of enterprises, have been determined and analyzed. The SPACE matrix for building the model of choosing a strategy of financing the development of enterprises in the economy branches has been modified in the context of the system of monitoring the development of economy branches. A description of the strategies proposed by author for financing the development of enterprise has been provided, their advantages and disadvantages have been determined. Individual tools of the proposed models of actions can be accepted as a way of improving the strategic positions with a view to achieving a higher quantitative-qualitative situation as well as adjustment of the existing model of behavior.

Article is written in Ukrainan


Shevchenko A. V.
Priorities and Tools of the State Industrial Policy in Ensuring the Resumption of Growth in the Real Sector of Economy of Ukraine (p. 72 - 76)

The article is aimed at studying the status and problems of ensuring the State industrial policy in Ukraine, seeking ways to enhance the efficiency of the State influence on the growth of the industrial sector. The article discloses problems related to imperfections of institutional provision, deepening of sectoral imbalances, monopolization, and absence of innovative changes in the industry of Ukraine. On the basis of the conducted analysis and generalization of the best practices related to implementation of industrial policy in the developed world, priorities have been determined and a number of paramount measures has been proposed, implementation of which will provide an institutional foundation for establishment and implementation of industrial policy in Ukraine, ensure efficient interaction of all institutional sectors of the State, resolve sectoral and organizational imbalances in the industrial sector, as well as facilitate its restructuring in accordance with the priorities of scientific-technological and innovation development of the real sector of economy.

Article is written in Ukrainan


BUSINESS INFORM №2-2016

Vlasiuk T. O.
Threats and Challenges of the Internal Market of Ukraine, Generated in the Sphere of International Trade Relations (p. 71 - 82)

The article considers the trends and challenges of internal market of Ukraine on the basis of an analysis of its capacity and structure. The external factors impacting the dynamics indicators of the internal market of basic industries of Ukraine, as well as threats that are generated in the sphere of international trade relations, has been determined. Some measures in terms of the State policies as to supporting and developing the internal market of industrial products in Ukraine have been proposed.

Article is written in Ukrainan


Klymchuk O. V.
Conceptual Principles for Developing and Regulating the Energy Policy of Ukraine at a Competitive Level (p. 83 - 87)

The article is aimed at studying the current trends of regulatory policy in the global energy market and identifying potent ways for energy efficiency growth in terms of the Ukrainian economy. An analysis of the main trends of energy policy development in the world has been carried out and a priority direction for the development of Ukrainian energy on the basis of the biofuel industry has been determined. The article substantiates actuality of the matter that one of the main directions of overcoming the energy crisis in Ukraine, along with ensuring recovery and sustainable growth of the gross domestic product, is transition to the industrial use of biofuels. The process of production and consumption of biofuels must be seen as a means to raise the level of decentralization, while ensuring energy sources. It is determined that the State must provide information support for producers of biofuels, defining their market range and encouraging beneficial business partners. Increased production of biofuels in Ukraine will serve as a fundamental factor in achieving international competitiveness of the national economy, as well as its growth on innovation basis.

Article is written in Ukrainan


Zimina A. I.
Priorities for the Development of Logistics Activity of National Economy in the Contemporary Business Environment (p. 88 - 95)

Both theoretical and practical aspects of the development of logistic approach to implementing business operations by entities of the national economy have been examined. Methods of assessing the status of logistics activity of the national economy in the conditions of high level of global competition have been studied. Factors of influence in terms of logistics operations on the formation of consumer prices for goods have been considered. The author generalizes the conditions of development of logistics approach to business processes that require transformation of institutional associations of industrial entities, warehousing enterprises, transportation and trade infrastructure of market into integrated logistics chains of supplying the consumption value. Assessment indicators of the logistics operations efficiency in terms of a separate country have been characterized, confirming the level of logistics activity and the quality of implementing the complex of operations for movement of goods in space and time. The logistics performance index has been characterized, which is an integral indicator used for international comparisons by the World Bank, taking into consideration efficiency of the work of customs authorities, quality of infrastructure, ease of organization of international transfers of goods, etc. An integrated approach to assessment of the status of logistics activity of the national economy has been proposed.

Article is written in Ukrainan


BUSINESS INFORM №3-2016

Matyushenko I. Y., Kostenko D. M.
Advanced Production Technology as the Key to the Qualitative Transformation and Growth of High-Tech Exports in Ukraine until 2030. (p. 32 - 43)

The article is concerned with an analysis of the high-tech product export by main producing countries and Ukraine for the period of 2012-2014. A structure mismatch of Ukrainian exports of high-tech products with the corresponding global structure, a catastrophic retardation by contrast to the leading countries in the market of high-tech products, as well as a trend towards widening of this gap in 2012-2014, have been determined. It is proved that any increase or at least preserving the volume of high-tech exports are impossible on the existing industrial base and production technologies. It is displayed that an accumulation of high-tech exports will be possible only with implementation of the prospective production technologies (PPT), based on the own unique scientific-technological groundwork in the next 10-15 years, in view of: transition to the new (projected) materials with desired properties; participation in research on mathematic modeling for intelligent production systems, co-working in the international projects of this kind; participation in pilot projects in the ICT industry; developing industrial nanobiotechnology; carrying out space research and developments in the terms of projects of the European Space Agency.

Article is written in Ukrainan


BUSINESS INFORM №4-2016

Steblianko I. O.
Mechanisms for the Structural Development of the National Economy and Dialectics of their Relationship (p. 74 - 78)

Relevance of the article's topic is determined by the necessity of restructuring the national economy, increasing its competitiveness, creation of internal and external conditions for the implementation of structural and technological reforms in the basic, export-oriented industry sectors. The article is concerned with studying the regularities, principles of the structural development of the national economy, which define the operation and dialectics of its mechanisms. It is concluded that the mechanisms for the structural development of the national economy is rather a multi-vector notion, a way to change both the elements of the national economy and the relationships between them, which reflects the disappearance of the old and emerging of the new traits, properties and relations, with the underlaying unity of both the system approach and the synergy approach. It has been proven that a sustainable structural development of the national economy can ensure harmonization of both exogenous (external) and endogenous (internal) factors of the regional and sectoral policy. In the institutional environment of Ukraine, the requirements to ensure sustainable development of the national economy would be better covered by means of the holistic (integrated) approach to the regional development.

Article is written in Ukrainan


Khaustova V. Y., Zinchenko V. A.
Contemporary Industrial Policy: Models and Tools for the Implementation (p. 79 - 87)

The article presents the results of a study on the contemporary models of implementing industrial policy as well as tools for such implementation. The essence of both the «hard» and the «soft» models of industrial policy has been disclosed, the same is applied to the matrix model, which is a combination of the first two models. Emphasis has been made on varieties of the «hard» model of industrial policy in accordance with the development priorities, namely: export-oriented, import-substituting, innovation, investment, innovation-investment. The article reveals the advantages of each model, as well as negative examples of their use, associated with primitivization to the structure of the national economy, stagnation of processing industry, self-isolation from the new technical and technological trends. The ineffectual application of the paternalistic model for the aeronautical industry in Ukraine has been displayed. The main characteristics of the industrial policy have been generalized by the character of development process and by the State support. An instrumentarium for implementing industrial policy has been proposed in the terms until 2020, 2025 and 2030, taking account of the facts that Ukraine is a WTO member and a signer of an association agreement with the EU.

Article is written in Ukrainan


Kulchytskyy M. I., Zabrotska O. V.
Decentralization as a Basis for Development of Regions and Improving the Financial Security of Territories (p. 88 - 95)

The article is aimed at studying decentralization (financial, political, administrative) as a prerequisite for improving the financial security of territories and the basis for the development of regions. The findings indicate that the region's development and financial support for the development of territories will depend on: identification and realization of the hidden and underestimated development potential of each region; development of infrastructure projects in the region; a contemporary framework for regional planning; regional development strategies for developing regions that will meet the State strategy for regional development for the period until 2020; ensuring effective interaction between the State bodies, local self-government bodies, private economic entities and institutions of civil society; raising the level of entrepreneurial initiative, use of business opportunities for territorial development, improving the investment attractiveness for implementing investment projects; increasing the activity of citizens; direct inter-budget relations with the State budget; opportunities for independent regulation of the local tax rates by the bodies of local self-government, as well as providing benefits for their payment; development of the public-private partnership.

Article is written in Ukrainan


BUSINESS INFORM №5-2016

Purdenko O. A.
The Economic Discourse of the Current Reform Aimed at Business Optimization in Ukraine (p. 46 - 51)

The aim of the article is to study the strengths and weaknesses of the current reforms and provide appropriate recommendations and proposals to improve the regulatory and economic business environment. The article analyzes the introduced reforms in the aspect of the regulatory field and the active current system of taxation with the detailing of the type and content of the basic implemented measures. There have been justified the advantages and disadvantages of the introduced system of taxation with respect to the main budget forming taxes, such as the enterprise income taxes, value added tax, individual income tax considering changes in the administering of unified social tax (UST) and war tax, excise duty. On the basis of the results of the study it has been found that the introduced reforms only partially improved the tax administration system and in no way reduced the announced tax burden, the time spending of business for preparing the current report was not significantly reduced.

Article is written in English


Semenchenko A. V.
Improving the State Regulating the Income of the Population (p. 51 - 56)

The article is aimed at offering effective methods for overcoming shadowing the economy by the economic areas to improve the State policy as to income of the population in Ukraine. The publication is focused on the indicators of shadowing the economy as well as mechanism for the State regulating the income of the population of Ukraine. Setting of the aim indicated stipulates necessity of solutions to the tasks, the most important of which are: identifying the causes of existence of shadow economic relations; efficient countering and combating the factors that hinder de-shadowing of Ukraine's economy; analyzing the characterization of specifics in the manifestation and function of shadow processes in the transitional economy of Ukraine; identifying the main areas of influence of the shadow economy on the aggregate income of the population. A mechanism for the State regulating the income has been determined and improved, activities towards minimizing the impact of the shadow economy on the income of the population in terms of their reformation have been developed.

Article is written in Ukrainan


Klymchuk O. V.
Methodological Foundations of Clustering and Innovativeness for Establishing the Competitive Production of Biofuels (p. 57 - 62)

The article is aimed to study the worldwide trends in development of innovative processes and creation of cluster structures for elaborating methodological foundations for establishing the competitive production of biofuels. The article highlights the cluster approaches in conducting the global commercial activities that create effective mechanisms and tools to encourage innovation-investment regional development and can be characterized by their relevance for the Ukrainian economy. Emphasis is made on the matter that clustering is one of the key tools for structuring the energy market, integrated exploiting the potential of bioenergy industry sector, management of the economic policies of redistribution of value added, implementation of the growth of investment attractiveness of the biofuel industry in our country. It has been concluded that cluster development in the biofuel production will stimulate specialization and cooperation processes in the agro-industrial economy sector, bringing together related businesses in the direction of an effective interaction, thereby ensuring a high level of competitiveness of biofuels in both the national and the international markets.

Article is written in Ukrainan


BUSINESS INFORM №6-2016

Kyzym M. O., Shpilevskiy V. V., Salashenko T. I., Borshch L. M.
Identifying the National Model of the Energy Security of Ukraine: System Components and Priority Directions (p. 79 - 89)

The article is concerned with the conceptual substantiating the national energy security model, taking into consideration peculiarities of its fuel-energy cycle. Energy security is seen as a status of the national energy system, which ensures its existence and development, as well as provides the satisfaction of energy interests of its entities. The system problems of the energy security of Ukraine include: energy dependence on imports of almost all the pivotal types of the fuel-energy resources; low diversification of production and import of fuel-energy resources; high intensity of energy use in all sectors of the economy and everyday living; the energy consumption patterns that are inconsistent with the structure of the national energy potential; low efficiency of converting the primary energy resources into the final energy. To the strategic goals of ensuring the energy security of Ukraine are assigned energy independence, energy efficiency, energy saving and mobilization energetics. According to these components in the context of individual types of the fuel-energy resources priority areas for strengthening the security level have been represented. The opportunity to ensure the energy security of Ukraine by reconstruction of the energy cycle in Ukraine based on interchangeability of the scarce energy resources has been substantiated.

Article is written in Ukrainan


BUSINESS INFORM №8-2016

Karpinskyi B. A., Maksymiv D. Y., Karpinska O. B.
Decentralization: the Essential Apparatus and Possibilities of the Financial and Fiscal Mechanism for Investment Growth (p. 29 - 36)

The article is aimed at developing the system provisions concerning the formation and operation of the financial and fiscal mechanism for investment growth as a mandatory tool of influence and intensification of investment processes in the context of decentralization, proceeding from the necessity of broadening the tax base and increasing the financial viability of the State budget. The scientific foundations of organizing the financial and fiscal mechanism for investment growth have been synthesized, both factors of its influence and role in the enhancing the implementation of the existing financial and fiscal potential of the administrative-territorial units in the decentralization process have been allocated. The apparatus-specific instrumentarium of this mechanism has been formed, possibilities of its manifestation in the decentralized processes have been allocated. For the first time has been proposed a functional-economical model of financial and fiscal mechanism for investment growth that comprehensively includes both levers for investment and taxation environment and needs of strategiology of development, economic growth, and increasing tax revenues while conducting an active decentralization policy. Efficiency of the proposed mechanism has been substantiated as to balance of the financial and fiscal system of the State and achieving the optimal level of decentralization.

Article is written in Ukrainan


Shevchenko I. Y.
The Mechanism for the Public Regulation of the Automobile Production Development and the Car Sales Market in Ukraine (p. 36 - 45)

The article presents a comprehensive characterization of the mechanism for the public regulation of the automobile production development and the car sales market in Ukraine by its components: the hierarchical system of the State power authorities and their responsibilities, methods and legal framework of the public regulation of the automobile production development and the car sales market. It is found that the main public authorities regulating the automobile production development and the car sales market in Ukraine are: at the macro level – the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine, the President of Ukraine and the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine, at the meso level – local public administrations in cities and regions, as well as local self-governing authorities. The legal, administrative, economic, and socio-psychological methods of the public regulation of the automobile production development and the car sales market have been identified. The legal framework for development of the domestic automobile production and the national car sales market has been systematized. It has been recommended in the future to implement the micro-economic rather than macro-economic approach to the public regulation of the automobile production development and the car sales market in Ukraine.

Article is written in Ukrainan


BUSINESS INFORM №9-2016

Pobuta M. V.
Peculiarities of Establishing Corruption and Corruption-Countering Activities in the Sphere of Economy of Ukraine (p. 40 - 46)

The article considers the «organized corruption-related crime» in Ukraine as an independent socio-legal phenomenon – a kind of economic crime, which operates using corrupt ties to the Executive branch. Four stages of development of the «organized economic crime» have been allocated. It has been found that the first stage was fundamental in creating the organized economic crime with the involvement of the Executive. In the second phase the «organized crime» has become the obstacle to a balanced development of market mechanisms for economic management and the structural rebuild of economy. This resulted in the economic dislocation of individual entities, industry sectors, regions, which contributed to the shadow economy, as well as development of corruption. In the third stage, the sphere of privatization has become a source for corruption. The fourth stage is characterized by intensification of the process of establishing a mechanism for preventing and countering corruption together with the key sectors of the anti-corruption activity. The conclusions are aimed at understanding the nature of both corruption and organized crime, and, therefore, at defining strategies and tactics to counter them.

Article is written in Ukrainan


BUSINESS INFORM №10-2016

Shulyar R. V., Reverenda N. Y.
The System of the State Management of Freelance: Support of Mechanisms, Development and Quality Services (p. 61 - 66)

The article is concerned with defining and substantiating the list of tools for the State management of freelance activities. The current status of the State management of freelance activities in Ukraine has been analyzed. The topicality of creating a system of tools for the State management of freelance activities has been substantiated, into which on suggestion of the authors should be included: providing social guarantees for freelancers; creating the prerequisites for and regulation of cooperation with both the international and the national Internet exchanges of freelancing; formation of a mechanism for the State orders for freelance services and attracting freelancers to work on public projects and programs; developing and implementing a mechanism for validation of results of the non-formal vocational training of freelancers and providing relevant certificates; providing targeted financing of advanced training of freelancers and their retraining; stimulative tax policy in terms of freelance activities and tax privileges to freelancers; improving the legal framework on freelance activities.

Article is written in Ukrainan


BUSINESS INFORM №11-2016

Sazonets I. L., Tadeeva N. V.
Factors of Establishing the Fair Business Practices of Corporations in the Contemporary Economy (p. 65 - 70)

The article is concerned with studying problems of the fair business practice from different methodological positions that, in the opinion of the authors, need to be more precised. The fair business practice is a process which is carried out at both the macro and micro levels, therefore the aim of this publication is analyzing the impact of the fair business practices on the common economic processes in Ukraine's economy. It has been proven that in the Ukrainian reality weakness of the institutional environment and political instability narrow horizons of business planning and substantially reduce incentives to implement a strategy of long-term growth of the cost of companies, in particular through the improvement of the fair business practice. It has been substantiated that the practical implementation of the fair business practice is carried out by means of introduction of a number of social programs of corporations, aimed at the solution of issues in the workplace, and at normalizing relations with the external stakeholders.

Article is written in Ukrainan


BUSINESS INFORM №12-2016

Koliesnichenko A. S.
The Institutional Approach in the System of the State Regulation of the Relations of Actors of the Electricity Market (p. 42 - 48)

The article analyzes the notion of institutions from the standpoint of evolution of approaches to this economic category. By relying on the thesis that relations between participants of the electricity market have the non-linear nature (due to the use of multiple transactions and infrastructural elements as tools of interaction of actors), the role of institutions has been outlined, providing the main factors of functioning of the electricity market as an integrated economic system in the long term perspective. The dependence of efficiency of the formation of relations of actors from the orderliness and regulatedness of the institutional structure of the electricity market has been determined. Expedience of use of the institutional theory in the field of the State regulation has been substantiated that allows to comprehensively examine the full range of options for building the mechanism for interaction of actors of the electricity market. It has been proved that setting the system of relations of participants of electricity market in the context of the institutional approach not only reflects the scientific essence, but also has practical value for its efficient regulating.

Article is written in Ukrainan


Kolupaieva I. V.
Analyzing the Effectiveness of Leverages of the Regulatory Policy (p. 49 - 54)

The article is aimed at determining the degree of interaction and activity of leverages and their impact on objectives of the regulatory policy. On the basis of cognitive modeling, factors of influence have been related to leverages of the regulatory policy. Effectiveness of leverages has been analyzed in terms of defining their implementation as to environmental impact and ensuring the regulation objectives. Matrices of the following influence factors have been provided: globalization and integration, political and legal, economic, social, system, moral and professional. Interaction of indicators of the aggregate and their effectiveness have been determined. Proceeding from the results of the analysis, the matrices of arrangement of leverages of the regulatory policy have been presented, which provided to determine the activity level of leverages and their integratedness into system. In the context of solving the task set, it has been found that leverages of the regulatory policy turned out to be insufficiently coordinated, despite their high level of activity that requires restructuring of architectonics of the system of regulatory policy in Ukraine in general.

Article is written in Ukrainan


Solodovnik O. O.
Identification of the Content of Threats to Interests of the State in the Course of Implementing the PPP (p. 55 - 59)

The article is aimed at studying the contemporary threats to interests of the State as a party of public-private partnership (PPP) and determining possible consequences of their negative influence in order to develop the adequate protection mechanisms. This is especially topical for Ukraine, which has stepped up its activities in the sphere of PPP in the face of the increased internal and external threats. To develop the adequate protection mechanisms, of particular importance are identification of the content of threats to such interests and developing a system for monitoring them. Consideration of threats to the financial and economic security of the State through the prism of typology of PPP risks and its interests in partnership with the private sector provided to identify threats to interests of the State party that correspond to the current stage of development of PPP, and to concretize their possible negative effects in the course of implementing the relevant projects in Ukraine. Further studies in this direction will be aimed at developing a methodology of evaluating threats to interests of the parties to PPP.

Article is written in Ukrainan


BUSINESS INFORM №1-2017

Andrusiv U. Y., Mazur I. M.
The Integrated Approach to Ensuring Rational Use of Energy Resources (p. 44 - 49)

The article is concerned with developing the integrated approach to ensure rational use of energy resources in terms of the globalizing development. Dependence of the national economy from the sufficiency in own energy resources was considered. It has been found that Ukraine belongs to the power-hungry countries. Components of the mechanism of formation and consumption of the primary fuel-and-power resources have been formed and detailed. It has been determined that all the components of the proposed mechanism are characterized by losses of the fuel-and-power resources. The main aspects of energy saving have been allocated. A comprehensive approach to ensure rational use of energy resources has been elaborated, which would provide for reduction of losses and increasing efficiency of use, which would positively impact the energy security of the national economy. The GDP growth and decline in the consumption of energy resources as objects of impact of energy saving measures, based on interpretation of the category of «energy saving», have been determined. Prospect for further research in this direction will be developing the methodological instrumentarium for evaluation of rational use of energy resources.

Article is written in Ukrainan


Petrakov I. V.
Between Harmonization and Fiscalization: Rethinking the Role of the Energy Excise Taxes in Ukraine (p. 50 - 55)

The article is aimed at substantiation of stages of the gradual replacement of the fiscal function of energy excise taxes in Ukraine with the regulating function, in the process of harmonization of tax legislation with the EU standards. It has been found that in the developed countries, energy excise taxes as a tool for intervention gradually lose their fiscal imperative, but, as complementary to the financial instruments, they are applied to solve clearly defined problems (long-term environmental, social, and economic challenges) for the least costs. It has been proven that setting (calibration) of the individual elements of the mechanisms of energy excise taxes is based on an assessment of the regulatory impact (with script analysis of the expected impacts on the most relevant combinations of tools) and on the extensive consultations with all interested parties (total duration of more than one year) before making a political decision concerning the related legislative initiative. Obligations of Ukraine in the part of the excise tax harmonization with the EU standards makes possible a gradual transition from the fiscal to the regulatory imperative of the energy excise taxes.

Article is written in Ukrainan


BUSINESS INFORM №2-2017

Zhukov A. V.
The Demographic Situation in Ukraine. Certain Aspects and Directions for its Solution (p. 60 - 65)

The article is concerned with analyzing the trends of the demographic changes that have occurred in Ukraine over the past 14 years. The most important aspects of the demographic changes in the modern world have been expounded. The conception of demographic transitions has been clarified from the perspective of change in the natural reproduction of population. The distinction between migration and natural changes of population in the country has been explained. The main problems related to the significant downsizing of the Ukrainian population over the past three years have been provided and described. Influence of the main economic factors on the indicators of population change has been considered, a dependence between these factors has been determined. The topical directions, allowing to regulate the dynamics of population size, have been identified and described.

Article is written in Ukrainan


BUSINESS INFORM №3-2017

Kruhlov V. V., Myroshnychenko Y. V.
The Re-engineering of Process of the State Regulation of Public-Private Partnership in Ukraine (p. 91 - 96)

The article is aimed at formation of a mechanism for re-engineering the State regulation of public-private partnership (PPP). Re-engineering of business process concludes transit to a customer-oriented organization, based on the restructuring of the organizational structure of administration and introduction of current information technologies. The procedure for public administration on the basis of process approach provides for allocation and construction of a network of business-processes. The publication proposes developing of a graphical model of re-engineering of the public-administrative process «the State regulation in the sphere of public-private partnership». The functional model of processes of the State regulation in the sphere of public-private partnership consists of charts that display the interrelated administration functions. The developed graphic model has provided an opportunity to determine decompositions of 1. and 2. levels together with allocation of functional blocks. This model of re-engineering determines the direction of further regulation of the sphere of PPP, namely: the process of creating a single public specialized body in the sphere of public-private partnership.

Article is written in Ukrainan


BUSINESS INFORM №4-2017

Bozhko V. P., Karatzeva N. Z., Omelchenko O. L.
The Ways to Prevent Economy Fall in the Current Conditions (p. 66 - 71)

Statistical data as to the situation of the contemporary economy were considered. Declines in the indicators of economic development for practically all directions have been specified. Particular attention has been paid to the influence of economic situation on the living standards of population. A detailed analysis of magnitude of the minimum wage in the the European Union Member States has been carried out, on results of which it is concluded that, in order to enlarge it, it would be necessary to create an enabling environment for business together with and drastic actions to counter corruption. Comparative data on the dynamics of development of industry and agriculture in the period of 2008-2016 have been provided. Use of re-innovation as an effective way of developing the economy has been substantiated, and the basic ways to prevent economy fall have been formulated.

Article is written in Ukrainan


BUSINESS INFORM №5-2017

Solodovnik O. O.
Evaluating the Sphere of Public-Private Partnership and its Impact on the Interests of Partners (p. 45 - 49)

The article provides the interrelation of the conditions and factors that form the sphere of public-private partnership (PPP), disclosure of the essence and contents of its evaluation, and substantiation for a methodical approach to the extent of impact on the sphere of PPP an the interests of the parties. The article defines the key conditions for implementation of PPP and the factors of influence on their formation, possibilities of partnership to impact different groups of factors are determined. Consideration of existing methodical approaches to the evaluation of the environment of economic entities in the context of the PPP characteristics, which are conditioned upon the nature of such relationships, helped to substantiate the necessity of further development of the methodology for diagnosing the PPP sphere and suggest a methodical approach to the evaluation of the PPP sphere, which, unlike existing ones, allows to evaluate the influence of the PPP factors on the interests of partners (in static and dynamic) and identify the factors that can be sources of threats to implementation of such interests. Application of the suggested methodical approach in practice should contribute to the inclusive and secure development of PPP. Prospects for future research in this direction will be further development of the theoretical foundations and elaboration of a methodology for ensuring security of PPP.

Article is written in Ukrainan


Onipko T. A.
The Current Cluster Policy: Essence and Characteristics (p. 50 - 55)

The article is aimed at defining essence of the current cluster policy and its characteristics. It was specified that, in the process of developing and implementing regional, innovation and entrepreneurial policies, many governments drew attention to the clustering of economy as a means of achieving a high level of regional and national competitiveness. The current cluster policy needs to be integrated, that is, to unify different policies, programs, and means. One of the characteristics of the current cluster policy is its orientation towards public-private partnership. The efficient form of such a partnership is cluster organizations. The author’s vision of the current cluster policy is that both the State and the private sector should be parties to it. Emphasis has been placed on the need to support in Ukraine, at the State level, the innovation clusters that facilitate modernization of the existing economic sectors by combining the traditions and the challenges of modernity. It has been concluded that social organizations could be involved in the process of development and implementation of cluster policy in Ukraine. A prospect for further research can be development of the «intellectual specialization» strategy for regions as an important constituent of the current cluster policy.

Article is written in Ukrainan


BUSINESS INFORM №6-2017

Samohovych O. S., Lesnjak O. Y.
The Impact of the Information Logistics Flows on the Processes of Municipal Wastes Management (p. 33 - 37)

The article is aimed at identifying the impact of information incompleteness and asymmetry, irrational behavior of actors on the processes of municipal wastes management. It has been found that, at the present moment in Ukraine, quality of the transfer of information flows on the municipal wastes management between the State authority, local government bodies, enterprises, and the public stays at a low level. The urban sanitation schemes are being adopted and waste management technologies are being introduced at the local level, but the local government bodies have not been provided with sufficient information to make optimal decisions. Acting independently, the market mechanism would not be able to overcome the asymmetry of information in the short terms, and the State intervention would be needed to correct the information inadequacy of the municipal waste market. Prospect for future research will be determining conditions for an effective distribution of information flows in the process of municipal wastes management.

Article is written in Ukrainan


Golvazin O. M.
The Potential for the Migration Attractiveness of Ukrainian Cities in the Context of the Territorial Economic Concentration (p. 38 - 44)

The article is aimed at determining the actual nature of migration of the population of Ukraine and its potential directions and formulating on this basis proposals for adapting Ukrainian cities to changes in the social-economic environment. The overall level of urbanization of Ukraine and its regions has been defined in comparison with the high-income countries. The migration gain in the cities and regions of Ukraine for 2016 has been analyzed. Using the model of migration attractiveness, the cities – potential migration centers in Ukraine and Poland have been determined. Data on the actual migratory growth and potential migration directions in Poland and Ukraine have been compared. Priority activities for adaptation of Ukrainian cities to the tendencies of migratory movements of population have been proposed.

Article is written in Ukrainan


BUSINESS INFORM №7-2017

Revyakin G. V.
A Characterization of Ukrainian Economy and a Model of Dynamics of Its Development (p. 50 - 57)

The article is aimed at creating a model of economic growth of Ukraine based on an analysis of the structure of its economy. The structure and the pivotal tendencies in the development of Ukrainian economy have been analyzed. The main problems of the Ukrainian economy have been considered, including: institutional backwardness of the economic model, commodity orientation of economy, low technology of production and the high degree of monopolization of individual industry sectors. The priority areas of Ukraine’s State policy to reform the key industry sectors have been characterized in parallel with the optimization of its structure. As a basis for the model of economic growth of Ukraine has been chosen the autoregressive model with the integrated Box-Jenkins moving average (ARMA), allowing to give account of seasonality and non-stationarity of input data.

Article is written in Russian


Zhukova L. M.
The Development of Internal Market as a Way to Enhance the National Competitiveness (p. 58 - 63)

The article is aimed at integrated studying the main tendencies in the development of internal market as a way to enhance the national competitiveness. The article considers the process of implementation of the policy of successive introduction of activities directed towards creating an institutional framework to stimulate the generation and support the development of the internal market of Ukraine. It has been found that Ukraine’s current competitiveness and its global status depend primarily on the economic efficiency of the economy system and the adequacy of its institutional organization. The ways of stimulating the solvent demand of population for domestic production through the development of real mechanisms and instruments relating to the progressive approximation of wages and the State social security towards Eastern European standards were analyzed. The need for radical changes related to reorientation of the domestic producer to the internal market and implementation of the import substitution strategy. Prospect for further research in this direction is substantiation of the issues of internal market regulation in the context of changing the foreign economic priorities in the State policy.

Article is written in Ukrainan


BUSINESS INFORM №9-2017

Klunko N. S.
The Efficiency of Improvement of the Economic Security System of Ukraine (p. 52 - 57)

An analysis of approaches to the formation of efficiency of ensuring economic security was carried out. The essence of economic security has been defined and its material base has been described. Threats to the economic security of Ukraine have been systematized and their structure analyzed. Both internal and external measures to prevent threats to the economic security of Ukraine have been allocated. Dynamics of the factors on which the economic security of Ukraine depends has been considered. It has been determined that the socio-economic development strategy formulated makes the country’s economic security system efficient. Two approaches to the strategic development of the Ukrainian economy have been allocated: enhancing competitiveness and integration into the international economic associations.

Article is written in Ukrainan


Makogon V. D.
The Budget Strategy for the Investment-Innovation Model of Economic Development (p. 58 - 62)

The article discloses the role of the budget strategy in ensuring the transition to an investment-innovation model of development of the economy. The article considers approaches to activating innovation processes, improving the existing ones and introducing new fiscal instruments of budget policy to create a favorable investment environment. It has been substantiated that a substantial direction for improving the management of innovative financing should be optimizing the structure of innovative budget expenditures in favor of a qualitative update of production through research work; the optimization of the structure of innovative budget expenditures should be pursued in the light of the country’s innovative development strategy together with government programs to attract investment in the innovative sphere; activating the formation of legal and regulatory support for developing the mechanism of public-private partnership, as well as improving the public procurement instruments, are important tasks. An important factor in the transition to an investment-innovation model of the development of national economy is the quantitative characteristics of the input flow of investments and the qualitative component that is emerging from the needs of the national economy.

Article is written in Ukrainan


BUSINESS INFORM №10-2017

Brovko L. I., Kinakh Y. V.
The Financial-Economic Diagnostics and Ways to Improve Performance of Enterprise (p. 105 - 110)

The article is aimed to prove that, in the current stages of economic development, agricultural enterprises need to carry out financial-economic diagnostics, which include the use of a certain sum of information of both internal and external nature concerning results and prospects of the enterprise’s financial and economic activities. Of particular importance is the timely and objective assessment of the financial-economic situation of enterprises with different forms of ownership, since no owner should neglect the potential possibilities for increasing the profits of enterprise, which can only be provided on the basis of timely and objective analysis. Carrying out the diagnostics of the financial health of enterprises facilitates the informational provision of all participants in the production process to develop plans and projections for financial recovery of enterprises.

Article is written in Ukrainan


BUSINESS INFORM №11-2017

Boiko A. O., Bozhenko V. V., Markin O. O.
The Methodical Foundations of Assessing Efficiency of the Activity Carried Out by the State Anti-Corruption Bodies as Element of Unshadowing the National Economy (p. 90 - 95)

The article is aimed at forming the methodical foundations for assessing the efficiency level of activity carried out by the State anti-corruption bodies in the context of unshadowing the national economy. Having analyzed characteristics of activity carried out by the State anti-corruption bodies in Ukraine, the scientific-methodical approach to efficiency of their functioning on the basis of the theory of mass service has been suggested. To determine the level of functional efficiency of the actors counteracting corruption offenses and crimes, the authors have considered the process of bringing the guilty persons to criminal and administrative responsibility with the allocation of key participants to this process. The developed scientific-methodical approach to the assessment of efficiency of activity carried out by the State anti-corruption bodies provides formation of an input flow, service flow and output flow. The built model is to be tested for stability with the help of certain indicators. The formed scientific-methodical approach to assessing efficiency of the activity carried out by the State anti-corruption bodies will assist to reveal shortcomings in the mechanism of their work and, accordingly, to determine the priority directions of their development. Prospect for further research in this direction is the practical implementation of the suggested methodology.

Article is written in Ukrainan


Nazarova K. O., Kopotiienko T. Y.
The Control of Public Procurement as a Priority of Economic Development from the Standpoint of the State (p. 96 - 101)

Relevance of the topic of this article is grounded on the need to form an effective system of control of public procurement as a priority of economic development from the standpoint of the State. The article is aimed at studying the status of control of public procurement and finding directions for its improvement. The qualitative and efficient financial control in the sphere of public procurement should play a priority role in ensuring the formation of a transparent system of expenditure of public financial resources. The article considers the powers of the State bodies on the implementation of regulation and control in the sphere of public procurement, as well as analyzes the process of spending funds by procedures and without applying the public procurement procedures. The most common improprieties and violations in the implementation of public procurement in Ukraine were researched. Formation of methodological, organizational and methodical bases of control of public procurement is connected with consideration of structure of the procurement mechanism which includes the current monitoring of needs and determination of expediency of public procurement, planning, regulation, and implementation.

Article is written in Ukrainan


Lozynskyi D. L., Kucher S. V.
The Catalysis of Economic Reforms in Ukraine in the Context of Counteraction to Hybrid War (p. 102 - 106)

The article indicates problematic issues of the key economic and social changes in the country (in terms of customs, monetary, land, medical, accounting, as well as fiscal reforms). The authors’ own vision of approaches to complex reforming of the national economy in the contour of confrontation with negative manifestations of hybrid war has been offered. The arguments about the importance of implementing the instrument of «green card for doing business» in Ukraine have been provided. The article substantiates the positive impact of implementation of the proposed provisions on the conditions of doing business, investment climate and purchasing power of the population, which will ensure the growing of the country’s happiness index and improving immunity from the aggressor’s propaganda.

Article is written in Ukrainan


BUSINESS INFORM №12-2017

Kolupaieva I. V.
The Model of Influence of Regulatory Policy on the National Economy (p. 109 - 116)

The article is aimed at developing a model of influence of regulatory policy on the national economy. Structural changes in the national economy were analyzed, and the existing problems were determined: a significant excess of the gross external debt over the GDP of Ukraine over the last 2 years, which testifies to excessive credit load; very inconsistent dynamics of capital investments change by the sources of financing, confirming presence of unfavorable investment climate for foreign investors. The current priorities in the implementation of regulatory policy have been substantiated: increase of GDP per capita, and consequently, reduction of the total amount of arrears on all existing obligations; ensuring the availability of investments and optimizing of the structure of the sources of attracting. The result of the research on the influence of regulatory policy on the national economy is building of a model with reflection of relevant causal relationships. Its application is optimal in the context of economic substantiation of decisions on improvement of tax system.

Article is written in Ukrainan


Kravets V. I.
The Financial Policy as a Component of the State Regulation of Economy (p. 116 - 120)

The article is aimed at disclosing the economic essence of financial policy as a component of institutional development of economy. At the current stage of improvement of financial-economic relations it is important to deepen the essence of financial policy as a component of socio-economic development, improvement of provisions on the influence of instruments of the State financial regulation on the socio-economic processes in the country taking into account the institutional peculiarities of the financial system. It is necessary to increase investment activity of economic entities with increasing the level of efficiency of capital investments, including through the use of mechanisms of the State support and the stimulating measures of both the fiscal-tax and the monetary-credit policy. The priority directions of financial policy need to be improved based on the main tasks of the socio-economic development, as well as the cyclical dynamics of the economy.

Article is written in Ukrainan


Mostitskaya N. А.
The State Financial Policy as Instrument of Economic Growth (p. 121 - 125)

The article is aimed at disclosing the essence and defining the role of the State financial policy as instrument of economic growth in the conditions of economic transformation. The main functions of the country’s financial policy were analyzed. The necessity of formation of institutional and methodological bases of the State financial mechanism with the purpose of strengthening of efficiency of structural changes of economy and social sphere has been substantiated. Directions of formation and implementation of the State financial policy on maintenance of socio-economic development of the country have been proposed.

Article is written in Ukrainan


Pasichnik V. A.
The Budget Policy in the Context of Economic Transformations (p. 126 - 131)

The article is aimed at disclosing the essence and role of budget policy in the system of socio-economic development of country, defining the institutional approach in the process of its formation and implementation, based on changes in the public environment. The socio-economic development of society at this stage requires the use of budgetary policy as an effective instrument for the State regulation of economic and social relations. It is important to determine the priorities of the budget policy, including the medium-term perspective, based on the basic principles of the socio-economic development of country, improvement of the State regulation in the sphere of generation of budget income, the planning and usage of budget expenditures, the inter-budget relations, which will increase the efficiency of functioning of the economic and budget system as a whole.

Article is written in Ukrainan


Kyzym M. O., Miliutin H. V.
The Structural Changes in the Economy of Ukraine and its Energy Intensity (p. 132 - 143)

The article is concerned with an analysis of structural changes in the economy of Ukraine in view of energy intensity of types of economic activity (TEA). On considering the main tendencies of development of Ukraine’s economy in 2000 – 2015, it has been proved that, unlike the world economy, its development is of more unevenly nature. In order to research structural changes in the domestic economy in the period from 2000 to 2015, the methodical approach consisting of a number of interconnected stages has been proposed. Using this approach: the structure of economy of Ukraine by TEA has been analyzed, the classification and structure of the TEA distribution by their importance have been suggested; the dynamics of TEA of Ukraine have been analyzed, the classification and structure of distribution of Ukraine’s TEA by dynamics of development has been proposed; a matrix of positioning of the TEA of Ukraine in the plane of «proportion – rate of change» has been built; the values have been calculated and directions of structural changes of TEA in economy of Ukraine have been defined; a characterization of the TEA of economy of Ukraine as to the degree of materiality of structural shift has been formed; the integral coefficients of structural shifts in economy for the studied period have been calculated; the classification of the TEA of Ukraine according to the level of energy intensity has been developed, the structure of economy by the energy intensity groups has been presented; the indices have been calculated and directions of structural shifts of groups with different energy intensity of TEA have been determined; the integral coefficients of structural shift of economy due to the groups of TEA with different energy intensity have been calculated; the general characterization of structural shifts of the TEA of Ukraine in 2000 – 2015 has been formed.

Article is written in Ukrainan


BUSINESS INFORM №1-2018

Kuzmin O. Y., Maslak O. O., Udovychenko T. Y.
The Problems of Clustering of the National Economy and Ways of their Solution (p. 73 - 78)

The article is aimed at identifying problems of clustering of the national economy of Ukraine and formation of actual directions for their solution. The concept of clustering is discussed and the level of clustering of the national economy is researched. The problems of clustering of the national economy, which are generalized by the following groups, have been identified: economic (low level of economic development, outdated technologies); innovative (low innovation activity, lack of proper innovation infrastructure); legislative (lack of proper regulatory and legal support for clustering); political (political instability, high level of corruption); personnel (shortage of specialists in cluster management, lack of clustering experience); informational (lack of proper information support for clustering). A number of measures for their solution has been proposed (development of investment and venture funds, investment programs, formation of legislative initiatives on clustering of the national economy, creation of institutional environment, stimulation of cluster formations, development of human capital, etc.) to be implemented in the development of a uniform State cluster policy.

Article is written in Ukrainan


BUSINESS INFORM №5-2018

Zhukov A. V.
The Prospects of Economic Growth of Ukraine Considering Tendencies in the Modern World Space (p. 74 - 79)

The article is concerned with the problems of growth of economic potential of the State in the world market. On the basis of a carried out analysis of scientific literature, current economic studies, comparative characteristics of both successful and poor countries of the world, as well as application of the results of mathematical models, are determined the main factors that are unfavorable for Ukraine’s economic growth. Numerous examples are provided, also, on the basis of analysis of economic situation of other countries, the main directions and opportunities of economic growth of Ukraine are outlined.

Article is written in Ukrainan


BUSINESS INFORM №6-2018

Butenko V. M.
The Conceptual Foundations of Strategic Development of the Bioeconomy in Ukraine (p. 69 - 75)

On the basis of the existing global problems (exhaustion of fossil resources, provision of food and medicines to constantly growing population, pollution of the environment, etc.), there is a need to search for alternatives to chemical raw materials and chemical technologies, replacing traditional production by using biotechnology, bioproduction and bioprocessing, resulting in the development of the bioeconomy. In this regard, this research is aimed at identifying the global tendencies in the development of bioeconomy and developing the Conception of the State strategy for the development of bioeconomy in Ukraine for the period up to 2030. We believe that development of bioeconomy should be based on the application of model of the State regulation on the principles of social partnership, as it will contribute to the efficient interaction of the main entities of economic system and provide a synergistic effect. On the basis of the carried out research of the world experience it is concluded that for acceleration of development of bioeconomy in Ukraine development of the State strategy of development of bioeconomy is necessary, the conceptual foundations of which are presented in this publication. The development and adoption of this Strategy will allow Ukraine to enter the international system of production of new knowledge and technologies.

Article is written in Ukrainan


Shevchuk S. V.
The Dialectic of the State Regulation of Provision of Customs Interests of the State (p. 76 - 80)

The article considers the dialectic of economic relations arising in the provision of customs interests from the standpoint of the State regulation. The scientific-theoretical groundworks in the field of the chosen vector of research are analyzed and systematized, on the basis of what the dialectical approach to understanding the essence and purposes of tiered interaction of subjects in providing own interests in the customs sphere is proposed. In the course of research, the leading role of customs policy was defined as an important component of the system of customs interests. The main aspects of influence in the plane of international, macro- and micro-levels, interaction of economic entities on the provision of customs interests of the State are allocated and substantiated. Prospects for further researches in this direction is definition of essence of the concept of «regulatory potential of the State», and also allocation of the dominants and criteria for its estimation in provision of customs interests.

Article is written in Ukrainan


BUSINESS INFORM №8-2018

Golovko V. O.
Improving the State Regulation of Concession Activity in Ukraine (p. 27 - 32)

All over the world, governments in developed countries are taking the course to leverage the financial and other resources of the private sector in terms of public-private partnership in the development of industry branches that previously have been exclusively in property of the State, or have been considered monopoly of the State. Taking attention of the crisis circumstances, introduction of such mechanisms today is very relevant for our country. Improvement of the concession legislation will free up budgetary resources and will help to focus on the socially significant functions of the State authorities in the era of globalization. Degradation of infrastructure hampers social development and leads to additional expenses on the part of both government and business. One of the most effective ways to overcome resource constraints is to use the world-proven method of attracting additional funds through concessional financing. Standartization of problems of defining the spheres of responsibility of the authorities in normative-legal documents, observing the principles of transparency and avoiding information asymmetry by means of selection of financial and non-financial indicators of forecasting and monitoring of concession projects should facilitate, on the basis of best world practice, the introduction of a fair distribution of risks between the State and the private investor in conditions of external and internal threats of infringement of market equilibrium.

Article is written in Ukrainan


Shevchuk S. V.
The Essence and Constituents of the Regulatory Potential of the State in Terms of Ensuring Customs Interests (p. 33 - 37)

The essence and constituents of the regulatory potential of the State in terms of ensuring customs interests are researched from the standpoint of systemality and comprehensiveness. The carried out analysis of scientific approaches on application of the instrumentarium of regulatory potential of the State made possible to identify its main constituents, which directly impact the customs interests of the State, their spectral measurements helped to evaluate the fundamental basis of interaction. In the course of the research, it is determined that besides the leading role of the customs policy, the regulatory potential of the State is an important mobilization resource capable of effectively impacting the ensuring of customs interests. Both analysis and systematization of scientific-theoretical developments in the field of the chosen vector of research, allowed to define essence of the State administration as one of the main components of regulatory potential of the State ensuring of customs interests. Emphasis is placed on the static character of administrative management, which impacts the implementation of ensuring customs security and protection of customs interests, also directions towards eliminating the relevant contradictions are proposed.

Article is written in Ukrainan


BUSINESS INFORM №9-2018

Dymchenko O. V., Khailo Y. M., Rudachenko O. O.
The System Block of «Energy Saving» in the Strategy of Reforming the Housing and Communal Utilities (p. 48 - 53)

Housing and communal utilities is an independent branch of the national economy. The purpose of functioning of the housing and communal enterprises is to satisfy the needs of the population and economy units in the services that provide normal conditions for life and work. In housing and communal utilities, an important place is occupied by enterprises of water supply and wastewater disposal. One of the largest housing and communal enterprise in City of Kharkiv and Kharkiv region is the KP «Kharkivvodokanal». At present time in the system of KP «Kharkivvodokanal» the preparatory work is carried out in terms of elaboration of the program mechanism for management of the energy saving process in the composition of reformation measures for the period up to 2020 and for more distant temporary horizons. Thus, the article proposes a variant of a energy management scheme. The calculations showed that the organization of resource saving at enterprise includes technical and technological, human, intellectual, financial, information, political-legal, ecological and other elements, which are an important and integral part of energy saving.

Article is written in Ukrainan


BUSINESS INFORM №10-2018

Litvinova V. O.
The Political Aspects of Development of Gas Industry of Ukraine (p. 102 - 108)

The purpose of the article is to study the changes in gas consumption under the influence of changes in foreign policy. The influence of domestic political decisions will also be investigated. A significant reduction in gas use was stimulated by the 2008 crisis and subsequent political events. Termination of cross-subsidies forced to reduce the volume of gas consumption by the population. This did not happen almost all the years of independence of Ukraine. The main incentive for reducing gas consumption by both industry and the population throughout the entire period was the price of gas. Despite the high level of gas consumption in Ukraine, during the entire period of independence of the country, a comprehensive strategy to reduce gas consumption was not developed. Price methods that were applied and caused a reduction in consumption were dictated by the external economic situation. Despite the use of market-based gas pricing for consumers, pricing issues remain open.

Article is written in Ukrainan


BUSINESS INFORM №12-2018

Melnyk I. M.
The Features of the State Regulation of the Processes of Socio-Economic Modernization of the Sphere of Commodity Circulation. (p. 78 - 83)

The article is aimed at detailed analyzing the conditions of formation of institutional environment of the entities of the sphere commodity circulation and defining the features of the State regulation of the social-economic modernization processes of the sphere of commodity circulation. An analysis of development and normative-legal provision of the economic processes of the national economy is carried out with emphasis on the sphere of commodity circulation and the transformational processes as a whole. The main stages and features of the State regulation of the socio-economic modernization of the sphere of commodity circulation are defined and the institutional basis of modernization processes is allocated. The author provides methods of the State regulation, subdivided into legal, administrative, economic, and the implemented by means of a necessary specific instrumentarium. The factors of influence on the socio-economic modernization of the sphere of commodity circulation are determined and the main features of the State regulation of the socio-economic modernization of the sphere of commodity circulation are allocated.

Article is written in Ukrainan


BUSINESS INFORM №2-2019

Vdovichen A. А., Vdovichena O. H.
The Common Approaches to Evaluating the Parameters of Inclusive Economic Development: the Egalitarian Sectional View for Ukraine (p. 64 - 71)

The article is aimed at developing a model of the inclusive-oriented growth of the economy taking into view the basic principles of such growth and researching the place of Ukraine in the overall ranking of countries according to the level of socio-economic and inclusive development through individual indicators. The article substantiates the fundamental necessity of rethinking and changing the existing models of economic growth in order to overcome the growing socio-economic inequalities in the context of global economic instability. The modern conception of inclusive development is defined as such, which forms a new basis for the sustainable growth of modern economic systems, orienting them towards the principles of justice and equality, ecological safety. The priority components of inclusive development are proposed in the form of a model. The indicators of inclusive development for the world economies and Ukraine are researched as well; the rating of individual developing countries is compared according to the inclusive development index and the place of Ukraine in this rating is determined. Prospect of further researches in this direction is monitoring of the key indicators of efficiency and dynamics of the main factors of welfare in Ukraine by means of the information panel with the purpose of elaboration of priority directions of further socio-economic and inclusive-oriented development.

Article is written in Ukrainan


Horbal N. I., Romanyshyn S. B., Tsikhotskyi P. I.
The Formation and Current Features of the Competition Policy in Ukraine (p. 72 - 77)

The article is aimed at analyzing the competition policy of Ukraine: its formation, status, prospects of improvement in conditions of European integration, and its influence on the State. With the introduction of reforms, Ukraine’s antimonopoly policy was transformed into competitive policy. The main objective of the competition policy today is to protect the existing competitive environment and improve competitive relations. Research of the status of the competition policy of Ukraine has shown such key problems: 1) a significant part of the economy in shadow; 2) the monopoly position of the State in regulation of socio-economic processes; 3) prevalence of unfair and inefficient competition; 4) biased and incomplete information and analytical base, etc. It is shown that improvement of the competition policy of Ukraine in the conditions of European integration can contribute to: 1) more efficient antimonopoly regulation and strengthening the efficiency of competition; 2) deregulation of economy and introduction of the investment-innovative model of its development; 3) mutual coherence of competition, innovation, and investment policy; 4) creation of complete, reliable databases and integrated information-analytical systems; 5) more effective regulation of the State aid, etc.

Article is written in Ukrainan


BUSINESS INFORM №3-2019

Mytrofanova A. S., Reshetnyak N. B.
The Features of the System of Management of Corporate Rights of the State in Ukraine (p. 63 - 68)

The article is aimed at disclosing the essence and features, analyzing the current status and problems of management of corporate rights of the State in Ukraine. Modern tendencies of volume and structure of corporate rights of the State are characterized in accordance with the kinds of economic societies. The essence and features are disclosed, problems of the system of management of corporate rights of the State in Ukraine are analyzed, among them are: complex system of the State power bodies of corporate management; unfavourable structure of corporate rights; shortcomings of the State’s dividend policy; conflict between regulatory and managerial functions of the State; dilution of the share of the State as result of additional issue of shares, etc. The concomitant negative macroeconomic and microeconomic factors that complicate the activity of enterprises with the State share are identified. An estimation of the existing approaches to solving problems in the management of corporate rights of the State is proposed, additional measures to improve the efficiency of this process are suggested, consisting in development of a strategy to manage corporate rights of the State, selection of a certain model and embodiment of its principles, as well as strengthening the social component in defining the criteria of efficiency of enterprises’ performance and of the system of management of corporate rights of the State as a whole.

Article is written in Ukrainan


BUSINESS INFORM №4-2019

Kolomiiets V. М.
Analyzing the Practice of Functioning of Human Capital of National Economy (p. 78 - 82)

Human capital is a source of innovation in the economy and the basis of its development. It has become the most valuable resource of the national economy because it is capable to introduce and transform any other resources: knowledge, skills, abilities, experience as components of human capital, reflected in modern products, processes and services. The article is aimed at displaying the importance of applying various instruments and ways of developing human capital in the economy, researching the functioning of human capital of national economy. The article updates the concept of human capital as «accumulated potential» of citizens, expressed in their education, life experience, attitudes, skills that can be used to improve the economic and social condition. Development of human capital is considered as a function of human resources management, which is integrated with the processes of development of strategy of management of national economy and each of its subdivisions. Functioning of human capital at the level of the national economy is based on free competition between talented employees of company – the representants of human capital. The importance of various instruments and methods of human capital development in elaborating a strategy of management in the economy, the impact of human capital on innovation and competitiveness of the country are indicated. Definition of functioning of human capital of national economy envisages arrangement and systematization of the human capital functions in the strategy of management of national economy, which will be the subject of further author’s research.

Article is written in Ukrainan


Zhukova L. M.
The Modern Institutional Forms of the State Regulation of Innovative Development (p. 83 - 91)

The article is aimed at complex researching of modern institutional forms of the State regulation of innovative development. A scientific search of innovative solutions and mechanisms for innovative development which would provide institutional status of the State is carried out. It is identified that in the conditions of the growing social-institutional gaps there arose a question about activization of innovations which should correspond to the purposeful transition of Ukraine to the European way of development. Mechanisms for implementation of innovative development in Ukraine are analyzed, possibilities of application of modern institutional forms of the State regulation of economy are considered. It is proved that the main obstacle to resumption of innovative activity and realization of potential of innovative economic development is absence of a systemic approach, which should be based on complex combination of the institutional mechanisms defining current and strategic prospects of development of innovative activity and usage of its results for the purpose of inclusive growth of Ukraine. The author defines the instruments of the State’s influence on technological development together with the problems which the country should solve for preservation and development of national identity as a basis of its subjectivity. The necessity of introduction of purposeful measures of economic power concerning provision of a new stage in development of economy of Ukraine which should be based on a population of creative ideas of innovative-modernized development is substantiated. Prospect for further researches in this direction is substantiation of questions with regard to definition of problems of innovative development as a factor of demand for economic power of the State.

Article is written in Ukrainan


BUSINESS INFORM №5-2019

Komarnytska H. O.
Classification of Public-Private Partnership Projects (p. 50 - 55)

A classification of public-private partnership projects is developed based on a number of essential and independent features. It is proposed to classify the projects by traditionally considered features (form, stage at which the private partner is involved, source of funding, facilities, implementation, innovation, mechanism of interaction between the public and private partners, number of private partners involved, level of completion, level of public administration at which the project is implemented, legal mechanism of interaction between the public and private partners) and new ones (subject composition of partners, risk level). Moreover, the problems of controversy in singling out certain types of projects within the traditional classification criteria are eliminated. Based on the results of the research, it is proposed to break down corporate and contractual public-private partnership projects by their form; the existing, emerging or acquired ones – by object; projects in which a private partner is involved at the stage of design, construction, or operation of the object – by stage at which the private partner is involved; projects which are financed by a public, private partner or have mixed financing – by source of financing, etc.

Article is written in Ukrainan


BUSINESS INFORM №6-2019

Lymar V. V., Baidala V. V.
The Economic and Production Factors Influencing the Development of Bio-Oriented Economy in Ukraine (p. 47 - 54)

The article is concerned with an analysis of the influence of economic and production factors on the development of bio-oriented economy in Ukraine. It is defined that the modern development of science and biotechnology has become the basis for the formation and development of the conception of bio-oriented economy, which includes agriculture, food industry, forestry, fish farming and aquaculture, fuel production based on recoverable biological resources (biofuels), pharmaceuticals and selected spheres of the chemical industry. In order to analyze the development of the bio-oriented economy in Ukraine, it is proposed to explore the following economic and production factors, which together influence the resulting indicator: gross agricultural products; gross food industry products; investments in agriculture; the number of agricultural enterprises; gross added value of agriculture; employment in agriculture. It is defined that gross agricultural products, gross food production, investments in agriculture, the number of agricultural enterprises are the factors that demonstrate positive dynamics and their quantitative expressions increase over time. Other factors, as included within this study to the economic and production, are characterized by negative dynamics, that is, a fall, which in general will negatively impact the development of sectors of the bio-oriented economy.

Article is written in Ukrainan


BUSINESS INFORM №7-2019

Marshalok T. Y.
The State’s Fiscal Policy to Achieve Economic Equilibrium and to Overcome Economic Imbalance (p. 32 - 39)

The publication is aimed at forming a methodical approach to the management of economic cycles with use of fiscal instruments, which would ensure the achievement of an economic equilibrium and overcome of the economic imbalances. The article defines that the strategy of economic development and the anti-cyclical regulation will be effective only upon condition of an efficient mixing of both moral and ethical relations between all subjects of socio-economic processes in the country. In order to achieve the best expected results in this plane, first of all, it is necessary to establish the high-quality inter-institutional, inter-structural, intergovernmental relations, to develop an effective partnership of business and the regulating government bodies in the economic and social spheres. Because only transparent partnerships, clear steps of the government, their comprehensive interpretation and justification of their use are the key to the qualitative economic reforms, towards ensuring effectiveness of the applied anti-cyclical fiscal instruments in Ukraine. The obtained results of the scientific research may be useful for scholars and practitioners engaged in research on the problems of anti-cyclical regulation of the economy, financial policy of the State in general and fiscal policy in particular.

Article is written in Ukrainan


Pizhuk O. I.
Modern Methodological Approaches to Assessing the Level of Digital Transformation of the Economy (p. 39 - 47)

The article is aimed at systematizing, generalizing and critically analyzing of modern methodological approaches to assessing the level of digital transformation of the economy and society. The most well-known indices, which in one way or another reflect the level of digital transformation are analyzed: the ICT Development Index (IDI), the Digital Economy and Society Index (DESI), the Digital Evolution Index (DEI), the World Digital Competitiveness Index (WDCI), the Networked Readiness Index (NRI), the BCG Economic Digitization Index (e-Intensity). The advantages and disadvantages, commonities and differences of the existing international indices and ratings are defined. The relevance of the formation of new authorial indices, reflecting the level of readiness of countries for the digital transformation of the economy and the degree of digital globalization, is substantiated.

Article is written in Ukrainan


BUSINESS INFORM №8-2019

Koliada T. A., Kuzmenko N. V.
Management of Corporate Rights of the State: Evaluation of Efficiency and Directions of Reforming (p. 45 - 52)

The article is aimed at defining the essence of corporate management, evaluating the efficiency of corporate management, disclosing the factors of influence and substantiating the main directions of reforms in this sphere in Ukraine. It is proved that an appropriate consideration of the efficiency of management of corporate rights of the State be made through the prism of revenues received to the budget and/or the public goods together with services provided. Enterprises with a State-shared ownership in the statutory capital pay taxes to the budget under the general tax system, same as enterprises with other forms of ownership. At the same time, part of the net profit and dividends in the form of non-tax payments are additionally transferred to the budget. Based on the study of dynamics of the share of revenues to the State Budget of Ukraine from the management of corporate rights of the State for 2014-2018, it is proved that there is a trend of increasing the fiscal potential of public property. This indirectly demonstrates the efficiency of property management, which is the object of the rights of the State. The main factors influencing the amount of revenue received from the management of public property are defined; the main threats to the increase of efficiency of corporate management of the State property are disclosed. Prospect for further research in this direction is to bring the need to provide political support for the introduced reforms in the management of the State-owned enterprises to implement all the benefits from corporate management of the rights of the State, taking into account the best foreign experience and national traditions.

Article is written in Ukrainan


Komarnytska H. O.
The Conceptual Bases for Activating Public-Private Partnership in the Context of Development of Investment and Innovation (p. 53 - 58)

The article develops the conception of activating public-private partnership of in the context of development of investment and innovation activities by identifying the principles of such activation, the conditions for its implementation, instrumentarium, resource provision, directions of analysis, subjects and analytical subsystem of activation at the national, regional and municipal levels, which allows that all kinds of work be directed towards development of the human capital of society in the strategic and tactical dimensions. The features of activation of public-private partnership in the context of development of investment and innovation activities in strategic and tactical dimensions are allocated. Strategic and tactical decisions as to such activation are provided. A generalized model of influence of the strategy on the development of public-private partnerships is presented, which integrates processes, structure of projects, instrumentarium and culture, and reflects the relationship between the choice of spheres of activation, evaluation of its status and motivation of partners in this direction. A number of basic conditions for the activation of public-private partnership at each level are allocated: the State, regional and municipal. In the considered context, public-private partnerships are proposed to be viewed from the viewpoint of a dynamic process of infrastructure improvement of the national, regional or municipal system, which allows to improve quantitative and qualitative parameters and thus improve the level of satisfaction of the individual and collective needs of the population. Prospects for further research in this direction should be contained in concrete definition of the single elements of the conceptual model of activating public-private partnerships in the context of development of investment and innovation activities.

Article is written in Ukrainan


Hretska-Myrgorodska V. V., Maksymov M. S.
The Conceptions of a Socially Oriented Economy and Conductive Approach as Contensive Basis for Public Policy in the Sphere of Local Socio-Economic Development (p. 59 - 71)

The publication is aimed at forming a contensive basis for public policy in the sphere of socio-economic development at the local level. To do this, the authors analyze the key conceptions and theories describing the existence of a socially oriented economy, and carry out an analysis of the relevant actions at the local level in Ukraine (based on the analysis of the target programs of the largest cities). The publication uses a generalization of existing theories and conceptions of socialization of the economy with allocation of their most important ideas. The existing city target programs of the largest cities of Ukraine (Kyiv, Kharkiv, Dnipro, Odesa, Zaporizhzhia, Lviv) is aggregated by groups. A comparative analysis is carried out between the groups of city target programs, key ideas, conceptions and theories describing a socially oriented economy. The comparison results in the conceptual focus of the target program groups. This issue is important, because today the process of urban development in Ukraine goes on in face of the existing need, which as a result blocks quality development. Presence of such a relationship will provide the development of city target programs in the future to use the conceptual developments of the socially oriented economy, as well as increase the level of systemacity in the socio-economic development of cities in Ukraine. The results of the research can be used as a contensive basis for the elaboration of local development strategies, plans of socio-economic development and local target programs.

Article is written in Ukrainan


BUSINESS INFORM №9-2019

Tymoshenko O. V.
The Comparative Analyses of the Economic Development of Ukraine and the Member States of the European Union (p. 63 - 70)

The article is concerned with the topical issues of forming the main priorities of Ukraine’s socio-economic development, taking into account the experience of developed European countries as the main strategic guide line out of the crisis. The author carries out a comparative analysis of the socio-economic and political formation of Ukraine for the period 1991-2019. It is concluded that at the stage of its statehood formation Ukraine used one of the most ineffective models of transformation of economic systems among all post-socialist countries. A comparative analysis of the main indicative indicators of the efficiency of macro-economic, socio-demographic, foreign economic policy of Ukraine and the European Union countries is carried out. It is noted that a significant competitive advantage of the Ukrainian economy is a fairly high share of agricultural land, which makes it possible for Ukraine to become one of the world leaders in this market. The main priorities of reforming Ukraine’s economic system, taking into account the experience of European countries, are substantiated: developing a highly effective policy of re-immigration; promoting the establishment of regional centers for development of science and education; elaborating measures to increase the share of high-tech exports; reducing the openness of the economy through import substitution policies; restoring the national production, industrialization of the economy. The main directions of cooperation between Ukraine, the European Union, the European financial institutions with the purpose of mutually beneficial bilateral trade and increased access to financing are outlined.

Article is written in Ukrainan


Tyshchenko O. P.
The Inclusive Development of Ukraine’s National Economy: Prerequisites and Dominants of Formation of a Management Strategy (p. 71 - 79)

The article is aimed at identifying and analyzing the existing inclusive imbalances in the development of Ukraine’s national economy through the prism of provisions of the conception of inclusive growth, as well as identifying and substantiating the priority directions of the State economic policy and applied instruments of influence on the part of the State to ensure implementation of the model of economic development based on inclusiveness. The research determined significant discrepancies between the basic theoretical provisions of the concept of inclusive growth and the existing sectoral and territorial imbalances (inclusive disparities) in the development of national economy of Ukraine. In particular, the leading role of the agro-industrial sector in the development of the country’s national economy in recent years (share in gross value added, in exports of products, in the total number of employed) is demonstrated, at the same time, it still lags behind other economic activities and from the level of residents in cities according to such criteria of inclusiveness as the level of pay, amount of total household cash income, provision of basic social services. Priorities of the State strategy to overcome inclusive imbalances in the Ukrainian economy are defined and an instrumentarium to ensure the practical implementation of principles of the concept of inclusive growth, in particular in agro-food sector of Ukraine’s national economy is proposed. Further researches on the indicated problematics should be focused on substantiating the possibilities of implementing the best world experience into the domestic practice on formation of an inclusive strategy for development of the national economy and detailing, in view of the internal features, specific tools of the organizational, legal and financial-economic nature to manage its implementation.

Article is written in Ukrainan


Sheketa Y. Y.
Necessitating the Tax Optimization as a Basic Prerequisite for Unshadowing of Business (p. 79 - 85)

The article carries out analysis and assessment of the fiscal burden on the entities of economic activity in Ukraine, researches the issues of tax optimization as the main prerequisite for the unshadowing of business and improving the investment image of the country. Because an efficient, «smart» and balanced tax policy is the primary source of sustainable development of the economy, the motivating factor, which, by means of fisk, facilitates the growth of the country’s investment attractiveness. The necessity for the tax regulation and stimulation of environmentally friendly, waste-free alternative industries is substantiated, because this issue has become the main challenge of functioning of the economic system of Ukraine as a whole. A number of major shortcomings of Ukraine’s existing tax policy is allocated. A comparative analysis of the tax pressure for several types of taxes in Ukraine and the European Union is carried out. The main negative aspects of the previous tax reform on the specific types of taxes and the social contributions (income tax, value-added tax, profit tax, single social contribution) are formulated. The author substantiates the expediency of a gradual introduction of the tax on withdrawn capital with the simultaneous abolition of the income tax, which will be the main motivating factor for the accumulation of financial resources from the economic entities and the source of their reinvestment, to expand operations, create new jobs and introduce new high-tech kinds of production. The main constraints of business development in Ukraine are analyzed, among which the most common are the following: high levels of corruption and inflation; existence of a military conflict in the country; fierce competition and insecurity on the part of the judiciary, etc., but the greatest share is reserved to the significant tax burden, complexity of tax administration, and pressure on the part of the State fiscal authorities.

Article is written in Ukrainan


Voroniuk I. V., Chepeliuk M. I.
The Institutional Approach to the Formation of Economic Security of the Entrepreneurial Activities in Ukraine and Worldwide (p. 86 - 91)

The article considers the institutional approach to organization of economic security of entrepreneurial activities. It is indicated that attention should be focused on the current set of norms, rules, regulations, organizational structures that contribute to the harmonious development of entrepreneurship, as well as the impact of institutions on entrepreneurship and its economic security. The role of the State in shaping the institutional environment of a secure economic activity is defined. The components of institutional environment of the organizational security of entrepreneurship are suggested. It is determined that the formation of economic security of entrepreneurial activities in international markets requires modern enterprises to timely identify the needs of the external environment and quickly adapt to them as necessary prerequisites for ensuring sustainable growth of competitiveness of the national economy. Ukraine's place in the international development indices (Doing Business and Forbes, which compose the ranking of the best countries for business activities) and the quality of conduct of reforms to improve the business climate and entrepreneurial activities worldwide, is defined. The experience of different countries in ensuring the economic security of entrepreneurial activities is analyzed. The features of the State policy in the countries with high levels of economic development to ensure the economic security of entrepreneurial activities are reflected. The peculiarities of applying foreign experience on the formation of economic security of entrepreneurship in Ukraine are defined.

Article is written in Ukrainan


BUSINESS INFORM №10-2019

Ivanov Y. B., Ivanova O. Y.
Expert Examination of Legislative and Regulatory Acts in the Economic Sphere: Problems and Directions of the Solution (p. 50 - 56)

The article is concerned with topical issues of the quality of legislative and regulatory acts in the economic sphere. The quality and consequences of drafting, adopting and enacting legislative and regulatory acts is a means of ensuring efficient governance and reducing corruption in Ukraine, as well as providing a stimulating influence on the development of entrepreneurship in the country, on which the competitiveness of Ukraine’s regional and national economy depends. The article is aimed at identifying the problems of carrying out an expert examination of drafts of legislative and regulatory acts in the economic sphere, which would allow to explore the shortcomings of the Ukrainian model of carrying out expert examinations and develop recommendations on overcoming such shortcomings, improving quality of this procedure, as well as the overall quality of legislation in the economic sphere. Problems of the procedure for carrying out expert examinations of legislative and regulatory acts are systematized. A scheme of interconnectedness of the problems leading to the ineffectiveness of these acts is proposed, as well as the directions for solving the identified problems are elaborated: improving the expert examination procedure in the process of developing and adopting legislative and regulatory acts; developing criteria for the selection of bills for conducting an expert examination; developing criteria for selecting experts who review legislative and regulatory acts; substantiating criteria for the selection of bills for a technical and economic expert examination of bills; developing a methodology for conducting a technical and economic expert examination of bills; developing a methodology for monitoring the effectiveness of legislative acts in the economic sphere. Implementation of the proposed directions of organizing the procedure for an expert examination of legislative and regulatory acts in the economic sphere is systematized according to the criteria of time and criteria of responsible authorities in the form of a road map.

Article is written in Ukrainan


BUSINESS INFORM №11-2019

Sytnyk N. S., Shushkova Y. V.
The Conceptual Aspects of Reindustrialization of Economy, Based on Technological Modernization (p. 61 - 67)

The article developes the conceptual aspects of reindustrialization of economy, based on technological modernization. Based on the analysis of interpretations of definitions such as «industrialization», «reindustrialization» and «modernization», the authors’ own definition of the essence of reindustrialization of economy, based on technological modernization, is presented. The goal and tasks are formulated, a number of basic conditions for efficient implementation of these processes is allocated. It is proved that achieving a specific goal in the formation and development of national production, building up the potential and ensuring competitiveness of industries and other basic economic activities based on intellectualization is possible if certain priority tasks are realized, including: activization of the development of promising industries and strengthening the competitiveness of the economy in the foreign market; development of education, science, innovation sector and introduction of innovations, strengthening the interaction of science, education and production; improvement of structure of the economy and creating new jobs; ensuring the conditions for digitalization of the economy and society; development of new progressive spheres of information technology development, biotechnology, technology in machine-building, new energetics, etc. It is defined that a systematic approach is needed to effectively implement these processes, which involves the application not only of the economic and legal frameworks, but also of the institutional, organizational, financial, investment instruments and measures in terms of public industrial policy. The authors see the prospects for further research in the study of basic mechanisms and instruments of the State regulation of the processes of reindustrialization and modernization in the real sector of the Ukrainian economy.

Article is written in Ukrainan


Krychevska T. O.
Causes of Vulnerability and Resilience of the Conventional Monetary Regime – Flexible Inflation Targeting (p. 67 - 76)

The article is aimed at identifying the challenges that the convention monetary regime - flexible inflation targeting - faces today: both technically (in terms of applying the reaction function in the form of a variety of Taylor’s rule) and as an element of public treaty, and the next: why it is still positioned as a kind of «end of history» in monetary policy. The following technical conditions for the efficiency of flexible inflation targeting are allocated: relevance of inflation as a key indicator of cyclical dynamics; availability, focus and density of the link between inflation and business activity; adequacy of estimates of normal macro-economic indicators. The extent these conditions are implemented at in the present stage, is considered. It is shown that in the conditions of financialization, as opposed to inflation, the indicators of status of the financial market become significant indicators of the economic cycle, and inflation itself after gaining confidence in the national anti-inflationary policy in many countries is largely defined by the debt cycles, global factors, prolonged slowdown in economic growth, and decline in the equilibrium real rates of interest. It is identified that the modification of Phillips curves can be caused by: the validity of Goodhart’s law; changing the nature of labor market in developed economies; increasing the impact of global factors on the internal inflation and their ambiguity; technological factors. Several contradictions of the inflation targeting as an element of a social contract are disclosed - the price stability as both a universal and group benefit, as well as a semblance of simplicity and transparency of this monetary regime. The following factors of resilience of inflation targeting as a convention monetary regime are formulated: value of its achievements in stabilizing the inflation expectations; latitude, flexibility, complexity and non-specificity; variability and ambiguity of the structural changes themselves that undermine its efficiency; incorporation not only into national social treaties, but also in the international agreement concluded after the collapse of the Bretton Woods currency system.

Article is written in Ukrainan


Kyfyak V. I., Shelyuzhak I. G., Vodianka L. D.
System Approach to the Migration Processes Analysis (p. 77 - 83)

The article is aimed at the system analysis of the factors influencing migration processes at the current stage of the society’s development. Researchers’ comprehensive approach to the definition of migration is considered, as well as the factors that influence migration processes. The need for applying the system approach to the analysis of migration processes in the national economy and of the mechanism for their regulation is substantiated. The causal nature of population migration is identified. The main factors of the system of influence on migration are allocated: wages, status at the labor market, and prospects for human development. The article carries out a comparative analysis of indicators and their tendencies, which reflect these factors of influence on migration in different countries, namely: the level of minimum and secondary wages, the unemployment rate, the human development index. The top 5 countries to carry out the largest number of remittances to Ukraine during 2018 are allocated. Directions of the migration policy of the State, which should balance the migration processes in Ukraine, are defined. In general, the status and tendencies of migration processes in Ukraine threaten the socio-economic development of the State. In recent years, the number of not only migrant workers, but also educational migrants, who have chances to continue their work abroad in the future, has increased.

Article is written in Ukrainan


BUSINESS INFORM №2-2020

Hutorov A. O.
Corporatization in the System of Sectoral Economic Development (p. 57 - 65)

The article is aimed at researching the essence of corporatization and its descriptors in the system of sectoral economic development. The economic content of corporatization in the sectoral economic development system is researched as a process of institutionalization of socio-economic relationships on the basis of corporate forms. The descriptors of models of socio-economic systems and the basic institutional characteristics of capitalism are generalized. The economic interests of the State, corporate economic entities and society, which arise during corporatization, are analyzed. It is substantiated that the corporatist model provides that the leading institutional role belongs to the organized activities of the union of entrepreneurs and the State, which interact mainly on the basis of public-private partnership. It is determined that the principles of corporatization are: interest of the actors of corporate integration relationships; formal voluntary participation in corporate relationships; integrity and subordination of corporatization conditions; unity of the objective and subjective nature of corporate integration relationships; development of corporatization; optimal balance of corporate integration at all hierarchial levels of economic systems. The basic specific principles include the principles of: management, entrepreneurship, accountance and investment activity; and, at the international level, the principles of comparative costs and comparative advantages; global external economy; internalization of external effects. It is shown that the development of corporatization in the agrarian sector of the economy is subject to both general economic laws and specific regularities, which are not universal in nature and can be defined more exactly depending on the influence of objective factors. Among the main regularities of corporatization development in the agricultural sector of the economy are identified the following: complementarity of corporatization subjects by type of production, size, production capacity and production functions; optimal number of corporations in the economy; increase in the level of management bureaucracy as corporate integration increases; equivalence of economic relationships between the subjects of corporatization; rational level of intensity of the functioning of the corporate economic entity and all its elements; reduction of the share of raw materials in the structure of final products of a corporate economic entity; cyclical evolution of forms of corporate interaction.

Article is written in Ukrainan


BUSINESS INFORM №4-2020

Volosiuk M. V.
The Reindustrialization of Ukraine as a Prerequisite for Economic Growth (p. 63 - 70)

The article is aimed at exploring the features and challenges of the world economy and substantiating the reindustrialization as a prerequisite for Ukraine's economic growth. In the article, the author carries out a retrospective analysis of the formation and implementation of the State industrial policy of Ukraine, which differs through its inconsistency, and at the recent stage also through ineffective measures. At the same time, exploring the main directions of modern policy of the neoindustrial development of the EU countries, one can note the leading role of the countries in interaction with business, science, active communities during the formation and implementation of the industry 4.0, which in the future provides for the creation of completely new business models, goods and services based on the most modern innovative and information technologies that will improve the quality of life. The carried out analysis of the current status of industrial and innovation activity in Ukraine made it possible to determine main barriers on the way of innovative development of national industry, among which: lack of the State support and stimulation for industrial enterprises; small proportion of domestic and foreign investments in the production of innovative industrial products; imperfection of the mechanism for ensuring qualitative changes in the education system. The article provides the author’s own definition of the term of «reindustrialization» taking into account the active participation of the State in this process and the systematic nature of measures, methods and instruments of the State’s new industrial policy. In view of today’s world challenges, when Ukraine faces a difficult task to overcome a huge distance separating it from European countries in industrial development, both scientists and industrialists have an awareness and vision of the process of reindustrialization of the country and the conversion of national industry to a competitive complex in the global industrial markets. Based on a generalization of the opinions of scholars-economists, the article determines the main directions of reindustrialization of Ukraine in conditions of transition to the neoindustrial society.

Article is written in Ukrainan


BUSINESS INFORM №5-2020

Nykonchuk V. M.
Intellectual Capital and Its Role in the Formation of a Competitive National Economy (p. 106 - 111)

The article is aimed at studying the causal interrelationships between the development of intellectual capital and its impact on the systemic foundations of transformational processes in the national economy. The role of intellectual capital in Ukraine’s national economy is considered. The organizational management structure is allocated as a factor influencing the efficiency of the intellectual capital management system. The differentiation of the factors of the external and internal environment is defined. The dynamics of submitted applications and obtained security documents based on the results of scientific-technical developments, carried out at the expense of general and special funds, are analyzed. Prospect for further research in this direction is to study the model and structure of production management, which should be in the skills of innovation, competition and entrepreneurial responses and, as a result, meet the requirements of the market.

Article is written in Ukrainan


BUSINESS INFORM №6-2020

Tymkiv A. О.
The Development Vectors of Ukrainian Economy in the Conditions of «Touchless Economy» (p. 49 - 55)

The article analyzes the impact of the new conditions, namely, the «touchless economy», on the national economy, defining the main vectors of its development. The article is aimed at defining the possible vectors of development of Ukrainian economy in the conditions of the «touchless economy». The objectives of the article are: evaluation of the problems in Ukraine’s economic development, which manifested themselves during the deployment of the COVID pandemic; analysis of the international experience in forming growth strategies in the context of an economic recession; determination of the specific vectors in the strategic development of Ukraine’s economy in the conditions of «limited contact». In accordance with the objectives set, the innovative development of Ukraine was analyzed by assessing the dynamics of the number of employees involved in the implementation of scientific research and development; the proportion of the scientific research and development costs in GDP, as well as the share of industrial enterprises that innovated, in the total number of industrial enterprises. The impact of the enterprises’ innovation activities on the country’s economy in the context of the COVID-19 pandemic deployment is determined using the Basic Industries Production Index and the Economic Sentiment Indicator. As to the international experience, the experience of a rapid recovery from a crisis based on the phenomenon of «economic miracle» is analyzed. First of all, the experience of Germany after the Second World War as a rather effective model of rapid reform and economic development is taken into account. Singapore’s experience of an «economic miracle» based on concentration upon the country’s economic benefits is also evaluated. The emphasis is also put on China’s experience as a moderator of a new culture of employment, which is extremely relevant in the current economy of Ukraine. As result of the research, the main vectors of development of Ukraine’s economy in the conditions of «touchless economy» are defined as follows: instant transition of the economy from the strategy of exporting raw materials to the strategy of the exporter of product; public-private partnership in implementing the development projects; concentrating upon priority sectors of the economy; introducing high technology into priority sectors of the economy and stimulating demand for products from domestic IT companies; formation of a new culture of employment with the popularization the idea of a «Ukrainian economic miracle» at the the State programs level.

Article is written in Ukrainan


Sheketa Y. Y.
The Efficient Governmental Tax Management as a Guarantee of a Sustainable Development of the Economy (p. 56 - 61)

The article carries out a brief macro-economic analysis of modern economic transformations in Ukraine. An effective instrument for regulating the national economy is fiscal policy, which is based on the efficient governmental tax management. The article is aimed at evaluating the level of fiscal burden on the economic entities in Ukraine and substantiating the theoretical provisions of the introduction of anti-crisis levers of the governmental tax management of the State authorities. Unsustainable and shock-sensitive national economy has faced a number of challenges that, with the help of tax levers of influence, must be turned into opportunities for the long-term economic and sustainable social development of the country and the growth of well-being of its citizens. The main thing in stabilizing the Ukrainian economy should be a rational strategic tax management, which, first of all, consists in the balanced anti-crisis tax management. Because tax optimization and, as a result, reduction in the level of tax burden will contribute to the growth of productive employment, decrease of unemployment, increase of business activity, attraction of both the foreign and the domestic investment resources. Reform of tax legislation should be aimed at balancing the tax pressure on taxpayers and minimizing tax losses through tax breaks and illegal tax avoidance and evasion on the one hand, as well as supporting strategic activities, which are of importance for the country, on the other. The basis of a balanced and competent fiscal policy is a symbiosis of the interests of the State and taxpayers. It is important for Ukraine, through a number of short-term tax measures, to help priority sectors of the national economy recover from the shock influences and the destructive processes caused by the global economic crisis and the pandemic.

Article is written in Ukrainan


BUSINESS INFORM №7-2020

Salikhova O. B., Honcharenko D. O.
The Conceptual Foundations of the Strategy of Development of the High-Tech Industry of Pharmaceuticals and Medical Products in Ukraine till 2030 (p. 28 - 35)

The article is aimed at defining the conceptual foundations of the strategy of development of the high-tech industry of pharmaceuticals and medical products in Ukraine by 2030, based on the modern challenges and threats, as well as global trends in the technology development. Based on the analysis and synthesis of scientific achievements of Ukrainian scholars and practitioners, as well as preliminary results and conclusions of the authors’ own researches, the article provides endogenous and exogenous barriers that prevent the innovative development and expansion of pharmaceutical production in Ukraine; the purpose, priorities, key directions of scientific, technical and innovation activity, as well as measures on the part of government policy in the interests of pharmaceutical development of Ukraine are defined. Attention is focused on the need of a comprehensive approach to the implementation of priorities: development and market release of new biological and chemical pharmaceuticals; medical products; fillers and packaging materials; equipment for pharmaceutical production. It is substantiated that this will create resources for the production of high-tech pharmaceutical products based on the endogenous innovations with a high level of localization, value added, export potential and reduce dependence on imports of technologies and means of production. Recommendations are proposed as to: improving the normative-legal and institutional principles of the development of pharmaceutical industry; strengthening the cooperation of the State, academic, educational, private sector and public; creating stable resources of funding programs and projects on the basis of public-private partnerships. It is proposed to introduce identification and certification of pharmaceutical goods that meet the criteria of «high-tech product created on the basis of endogenous innovation» and providing preferences at their procurement.

Article is written in Ukrainan


Kuzmenko O. V., Dotsenko T. V.
Improving the System of the State Regulation of Economic Security of the National Economy (p. 36 - 43)

The article is aimed at studying the methodology for improving the system of the State regulation of economic security of the national economy. The relevance of development of the newest system of the State regulation of its economic security is substantiated. It is proposed to apply the game theory instrumentarium for a formalization of the system of measures of the State regulation of economic security of the national economy. The setting of the task of «game theory» is formulated as follows: identifying the existing conflict situation; a payment matrix is created that shows the quantitative results of the participants performances; the rules of the game are defined, causing consequences to each of the participants in the own «clean strategies». The dependence of a generalizing risk assessment of using banks to legalize criminal revenues from the level of threat to the national economy and the level of use of banks for the legalization of criminal revenues is formalized in the form of a built up linear multi-factor regression equation. A formalization of the strategies of behavior by both the State and economic agents is carried out. In order to determine the quantification of the level of use of banks for legalization of criminal revenues, the qualitative characteristic is checked out in terms of inspection of the income data regarding the conformity with the normal distribution law; a histogram of the distribution of values is built up, and, using the Chi-Square criterion, the compliance with of the normal distribution law is examined. A scaling of the intervals of values of the corresponding researched indicators is performed. The methodology of solving the set task is viewed with the use of the following criterion: minimax and maximin, respectively, together with their mathematical reflection; the mechanism of implementation of both the maximin and minimax strategies of the game «the State regulation of economic security of national economy» is visualized and analyzed.

Article is written in Ukrainan


Kondro I. V.
A Characterization of the Status and Trends of Import Dependence of the National Economy as a Prerequisite for the Formation of the State Policy of Import Substitution (p. 43 - 49)

The article is aimed at identifying destructive factors and tendencies regarding excessive growth of import dependence of the national economy; substantiating the directions of the import substitution policy as a response to the strengthening of real and potential threats. The destructive factors of the national economy import dependence, which is a consequence of the ineffective State policy in different branches of the national economy, are identified. It is specified that these factors are a prerequisite for the emergence of real and potential threats to economic security of the national market. The author analyses causes of emerging the destructive elements such as: imbalance of distribution of financial resources between economic sectors; presence of structural imbalances; inability of national industry to satisfy the growing demand for high-tech and innovative products; low innovative activity of domestic producers; the fallen down cost-effective demand for scientific and technical products and chronic investment hunger; conservatism in industrial policy and use in the production of morally and technically outdated equipment; presence of institutional barriers and conflicts, which slow down the change of the structure of total demand in favor of innovative and qualitatively better products and a corresponding change in the structure of national products. The reasons and circumstances of the emergence of the disparity in the foreign trade of Ukraine and the unjustified low orientation level of national commodity producers towards the national market are emphasized. The perspectives of future scientific researches, in particular integral evaluation of import dependence and elasticity of its relations with economic security of the State, analysis of import substitution policy from the position of strengthening of economic security of the State are determined.

Article is written in Ukrainan


BUSINESS INFORM №8-2020

Bieliai M. S.
Developing the Anti-Crisis Regulation Instrumentarium for the Corporate Sector in the Face of Global Crisis Phenomena (p. 26 - 36)

The article analyzes the economic status of the corporate sector of both Ukraine and Europe during the period of the unpredictable global crisis phenomena examplified by the COVID-19 pandemic. The overall impact of coronavirus on corporations, also the problem areas in their operation, adaptability to crisis and perspectives are determined. A number of indicators for estimating the situation are considered, as follows: GDP, level of unemployment, level of profitability, net profit, net profit/loss balance by sector, business activity index, etc. For the analysis, data obtained for 2019 and 1st quarter of 2020 were used – for the most accurate assessment and determination of the dynamics of indicators and the impact of the COVID-19 upon them. Particular attention was paid to the balance of net profit/loss in terms of types of activities. The above mentioned information showed which sectors of the economy suffered the biggest losses, and which, on the contrary, stood in crisis. Speaking of Europe, the analysis of financial and non-financial sectors of the economy was carried out, including: the contribution of components into the growth of net business income and the income from net lending/borrowing. This information showed that the non-financial sector suffered a particularly negative impact, and the net business income of financial corporations was, in turn, quite stable. As of net lending/borrowing, it is identified an increase of demand for credit funds from non-financial corporations and a very minor impact of the coronavirus on the net income of financial corporations. In general, conclusions on the status of Ukrainian corporate sector during the pandemic along with priority directions of development of Ukrainian corporations are formulated. In addition, the mechanism for anti-crisis regulation of the corporate sector in the face of global crisis phenomena on the part of the State, corporations and business associations is elaborated. This mechanism includes measures that will allow to get prepared as much as possible for crisis phenomena and prepare different options for functioning during the crisis in advance.

Article is written in Ukrainan


BUSINESS INFORM №9-2020

Kozachenko G. V., Pohorelov Y. S., Gerasymenko L. V.
Assessing the Economic Security of Ukraine Using the Construct Approach (p. 44 - 55)

Assessments of the economic security of the State along with other components (for example, resources) are the basis for its provision, which determines the relevance of the assessment of the security of the country’s economy. In assessing the economic security of the State, the starting position is to understand the content of this category, which provides an answer to the question of what constitutes the economic security of the State. Further operationalization of the constructs of the selected approach to the interpretation of the content of the category of «economic security of the State» directly lays the foundations of the methodical base of its assessment. The most common in assessing the economic security of the State is the functional approach, which provides for the allocation of a number of components of economic security of the State, which, as a rule, is not specified in the attributes of determining the category of «economic security of the State». According to the analysis of the application of the functional approach in the assessment of the economic security of the State, contradictory aspects have been found, which are caused by the inconsistency of the main directions of assessment of the constructs of the category of «economic security of the State» (as a rule, the main directions of evaluation coincide with the results of the functioning of the national economy system). In order to overcome the identified contradictory aspects, the definition of the category «economic security of the State», consisting of three constructs, is suggested; in each case 5-6 primary quantitative indicators are selected for the operationalization of them. The assessment of the economic security of the State used temporal form of indicators, which has several undoubted advantages, which, in particular, include the receipt of assessments of changes in the economic security of the State during the analyzed period. The operationalization of the proposed construct approach to the assessment of the economic security of the State allows to obtain a quantitative dynamic assessment for each of its constructs, which are adequate to (correspond to) the selected definition of the content of the category «economic security of the State». The proposed construct approach to assessing the economic security of the State and its operationalization allow to avoid the primary indicators, necessary in the use of functional approach of rationing of the different in nature and dimension, their multiple convolution, which inevitably affects the quality of assessments of economic security of the State, because to some extent distorts and impersonates them.

Article is written in Ukrainan


BUSINESS INFORM №11-2020

Tiutiunnykova S. V., Skochko I. Y.
Food Security in a Pandemic (p. 69 - 75)

Coronavirus pandemic, which unfolded in the modern world, became a trigger for the development of economic crisis. Its most acute manifestation is the food crisis. There are a number of fundamental reasons for this: firstly, the world of the XXI century is a «full world» (Herman Daly), which is populated by almost 8 billion people, which results in a contradiction with the resource potential of the planet; secondly, the food crisis belongs to structural crises, which cannot be solved in the conditions of the established system of economic activity; thirdly, the world faced the before unrealized level of inequality – in human development, income, consumption and other forms, which is reflected primarily in gaps in the level of food consumption; fourthly, there is a growing requirement for quality of life in the world, which leads to new approaches to quality, calorie content and food balance. The problem of economic security is complex, aggregated, interdisciplinary, the solution of the problem requires a fundamental transformation of thinking, the development of a new system of values and civilizational shifts. The use of the latest technologies for the first time creates an opportunity to achieve a high standard of living for all people of the planet, not just for the «golden billion». However, the system of economic activity in the capitalist system is not able to provide this type of development. It is the food crisis that shows the «failures» of capitalism. Based on this, we believe that the solution to this problem should unite the countries of the world, complementaryly link them in the achievement of food security. Actualization of the solution of the food crisis requires not only the participation of the entire world community, but also a rapid response to the novel challenges. The latest technologies with enormous potential must be used rationally to enhance the welfare of all mankind, eliminate hunger and poverty. If we do not provide humanitarian guidance for new technologies, they will contribute to further deepening of food disparities and undermining food security.

Article is written in Ukrainan


Kostiana O. V.
The Essence of the Customs Security and Its Place in the National Security System of the State (p. 76 - 82)

The article is aimed at determining the essence of the category of «customs security» and its place in the national security system of the State. The category of «customs security» and its main components are analyzed. Approaches to interpretation of this category are considered in line with the national legislation and in accordance with the views of leading domestic and foreign scholars. The wording on which it is advisable to rely in further research is defined. The adjacent category of «customs interests of the State» is considered in the context of the analysis of the category of «customs security», the main types of customs interests of Ukraine at the present stage are defined and grouped, also their graphical presentation is provided. It is determined that the scope of all customs interests of the State lies in the plane of achieving certain economic results and compliance with customs legislation by subjects of foreign economic activity and regulatory authorities. An important step of the State in this direction will be to consolidate the list of customs interests at the legislative level, because it still remains undocumented in Ukrainian legislative acts. The role and place of customs security of Ukraine in the national security system of the State are analyzed, which determines that customs security belongs to such part of national security as economic security. Although in the domestic practice of computing the level of economic security the customs security is not singled out as a separate part of economic security, the fact of communication of economic security with customs is indisputable, since the customs interests of the State, the status of protection of which forms customs security, lie in the economic plane. It is found out that customs security is associated with almost all components of economic security, but the closer link is observed between customs and financial security, as well as between customs and foreign security.

Article is written in Ukrainan


BUSINESS INFORM №12-2020

Shevchenko H. M.
Balancing the Management Factors of Natural-Resource Assets of the Recreation and Tourism Sphere of the National Economy (p. 82 - 90)

The natural-resource assets as a new conceptualized form of natural resources, when it is transitioned from theoretical definition to practical implementation, are a complex management object that requires a balanced approach, given the multi-aspectivity of factors that influence the formation and use of the researched assets. The article is aimed at developing the theoretical and methodological principles to balancing the factors of management of natural-resource assets of the recreation and tourism sphere at the level of the national economy. The article substantiated the following approaches: comprehensive approach – when generalizing social, sociocultural, economic, market, ecological, and geographical factors of formation of these assets, which are considered in connection with recreational ecosystem services against the background of the continuum of reducing the sense of value, as well as the direction of managerial decisions, which take into account in the assessment of natural assets the potential impacts on recreational territories; linear approach of economic-mathematical programming – taking into account the factors of approximation of modeling the recreation and tourism sphere, which uses natural-resource assets, namely: sustainability and traditionality of development, social focus of the market, balance through the possibility of making situational managerial decisions in the conditions of transitive economy, as well as optimization and balancing of interests of subjects of the ecological-economic recreation and tourism activities.

Article is written in Ukrainan


Kozak K. B.
The State Regulation of the Economy as an Element of External Influence on the Economic Development of Agro-Industrial Production (p. 91 - 96)

The article is devoted to the study of national features of realization of the State potentials in influence on economic development of subjects of agro-industrial production. The analysis is based on the decomposition of the mechanism of influence by such elements as object, subject, goals, tools. The object is represented by agro-industrial production in the multi-complexity of its structure. The subjective component of the external influence on the enterprises of the agro-industrial production system is analyzed on the basis of a detailed identification of the spheres that are not amenable to direct control by the object. The result of the decomposition was the selection of the following levels of systemic impact on the business environment: mesoeconomic, macroeconomic, supranational. The macroeconomic level of regulation/management is subjectified to the levels of governance in the system of public administration bodies. Target determination is disclosed on the basis of program documents of various levels and areas of application. The instrumental content of the State activity is studied, which is represented by a set of tools of direct impact (legislative and regulatory framework, implementation of the State programs and investment projects, tariff restrictions, non-tariff restrictions) and indirect impact (monetary, financial, and social policy; financial assistance). The role of the tax mechanism in regulating the activity of the agro-industrial sector is determined. Expenditures of the State budget to support the agro-industrial complex in 2020 have been studied. The mechanism of public procurement and instruments of social policy are considered. Attention is paid to lobbying as an institutional phenomenon, which is an exception to the principle of the impossibility of direct influence by individual actors in the structure of agro-industrial production on decision-making by management entities at the macroeconomic level. The positive and negative features of lobbying are considered. At the same time, the dialectical essence of lobbying is revealed in the perspective of the relationship of goals - the synchronicity and mismatch of individual interests of the microeconomic level with the social needs of the macroeconomic level.

Article is written in Ukrainan


BUSINESS INFORM №1-2021

Klymchuk O. V., Kozlovskyi S. V., Lavrov R. V.
Strategic Aspects of Economic and Energy Policy of Ukraine in the Context of Sustainable Development (p. 65 - 76)

The article is aimed at developing strategic directions and introducing regulatory measures for the formation of Ukraine’s energy policy on the principles of energy saving and the development of renewable energy industry. On the basis of scientific works, the main organizational-economic vectors of energy industry sector development are systematized, which are associated with the formation of a favorable socio-political climate regarding the priority of using renewable energy sources in the fuel and energy complex; development of effective methods of both the State-based and the market-based regulation by the world community; coordination of the strategy of sustainable development of the world economy. It is determined that the energy saving policy should be based on a flexible combination of the State-based regulation and the market environment for the formation of the most acceptable stimulation mechanisms in the specific economic and political situations, which allows for the greatest economic benefit. It has been found out that the implementation of energy saving processes is impossible without the mass use of renewable energy carriers, which are a universal resource for processing to the right types of energy, are marked by energy independence related to obtaining economic benefits and contribute to the creation of an ecological friendly environment. In the perspective, the energy saving processes, the transition of the national economy to wide implementation in the production of high-tech technologies and the use of renewable energy sources should become the determining factors of Ukraine’s energy strategy.

Article is written in Ukrainan


Sidorenko O. M.
Improving the Operation of Management Mechanisms in the Implementation of the State Regulation Measures in the Sphere of Public Procurement (p. 77 - 83)

The article is concerned with considering the current trends in improving the State regulation of the public procurement system in Ukraine. The author defines that one of the key elements of ensuring an adequate level of the State regulation of the public procurement system in our country is the effective organization of the State-based financial control in this sphere. The basis for ensuring the latter is the smooth operation of the relevant State governance mechanisms. The research is aimed at disclosing modern aspects of the State regulation of the public procurement system by implementing the State-based financial control measures, allocating existing problematic issues and developing a model for assessment of efficiency of the measures that will be implemented in the course of its improvement, taking into account the peculiarities of the sphere of public procurement in Ukraine. When writing this article, a direct relationship between the level of efficiency of the State-based financial control in the sphere of public procurement and the level of efficiency of the State regulation of this sphere is determined. It is specified that the key management mechanisms used in the implementation of the State-based financial control in the sphere of public procurement are the organizational, informational and legal ones. Precisely on their condition directly depends the efficiency of the State-based financial control in this sphere. It is determined that each of the above-mentioned the State governance mechanisms has a number of complex, interrelated problematic aspects that impede the maximum level of efficiency of the State-based financial control in the sphere of public procurement. In order to neutralize them, the author proposes to use an automate model for assessing the efficiency of eliminating the shortcomings of the major management mechanisms used in the implementation of the State-based financial control measures in the sphere of public procurement. The presented model allows tracing the impact of relevant measures over time for both the short and long term, is adapted to the economic and socio-political realities of Ukraine, takes into account most of the economic and social risks in the sphere under research.

Article is written in Ukrainan


BUSINESS INFORM №2-2021

Laiko O. I.
The State regulation of Public Procurement in Ukraine in the Context of Reforms and Integration Processes (p. 35 - 40)

The article is concerned with topical issues of the State regulation of public procurement in Ukraine in the context of reforms and integration processes. The conceptual principles of regulation of the public procurement system have been formulated, taking into account the requirements and challenges of modern processes of reforms of the national economy and the implementation of the European integration vector. The public procurement system is considered as a new institutional unit in the national economy – the market for goods and services to the State-owned institutions and organizations with the involvement of budgetary funds. The significance of the public procurement system for the country’s economy as an environment for financing and implementing entrepreneurial initiatives aimed at creating high-quality goods and services, which is characterized by volumes equal to 15% of GDP, is substantiated. The article is aimed at defining the theoretical-conceptual and applied principles of the State regulation of the public procurement system in Ukraine in the context of efficient implementation of reform goals and taking into account the impact and challenges from the active participation of the national economy in the international distribution of labor in the course of integration processes with the EU countries. The article defines the key directions of the State policy on the regulation of the public procurement system, which include: stimulating the economic development of the entrepreneurial sector and overall economic growth on the basis of sustainability and balance; support for the production of domestic goods and services with high added value; stimulation of production of goods and services using local resources; stimulating the creation by domestic producers of both goods and services of cooperation associations in order to use the opportunities for the distribution of labor to create more competitive products; supporting the formation of an economic basis for the development of territorial and economic entities in the regions of Ukraine. As for the above defined directions of the State regulation of the public procurement system in Ukraine, appropriate measures have been proposed, the implementation of which is expected to contribute to the strengthening of the national economy and does not contradict the provisions of ratified international agreements.

Article is written in Ukrainan


BUSINESS INFORM №4-2021

Belikova T. V., Vorobiova A. А.
Evolution of the Bankruptcy Legislation in Ukraine (p. 54 - 59)

The article is aimed at defining the main changes in the bankruptcy legislation in Ukraine, as well as the stages of evolution of the bankruptcy institute. The dynamics of bankruptcies of enterprises is considered, stages of evolution of the bankruptcy institute in Ukraine are systematized. Despite the small number of real bankruptcies so far, this problem in the context of quarantine measures is very significant and requires sufficient attention, since mass bankruptcies have an immoderate impact on the country’s economy. As a result of the study, the main changes in the legislation of Ukraine on bankruptcy procedures are determined. These are the criteria for opening a debtor’s bankruptcy procedure; approach to establishing and paying monetary remuneration of the insolvency receiver; term of sanitation; deadline for filing an application by the creditor for debt repayment after publication about opening a bankruptcy procedure; norm on limiting the participation of interested parties in voting at a meeting of creditors when approving a sanitation plan; term for filing an application by the creditor for the repayment of debt after publication about opening a bankruptcy procedure, as well as the possibility of bankruptcy of an individual – not a business entity. The new Code of Ukraine on Bankruptcy Procedures has enacted a set of innovations designed to improve the State regulation of the process of rehabilitation of potentially capable enterprises through their sanitation or reorganization, as well as to simplify the liquidation procedure for those enterprises whose opportunities have already been exhausted, and establishing their activities is impossible. The positive consequences of the introduction of the Code should be a reduction in the terms of application of property management procedures and sanitation measures while increasing the efficiency of these measures.

Article is written in Ukrainan


BUSINESS INFORM №5-2021

Tytykalo V. S.
The Determinants of the State Regulation of Economic Interests of Enterprises (p. 96 - 102)

The article analyzes the directions of the State regulation of enterprises in the field of formation of a system of economic knowledge on the functioning of the regional economy from the point of view of emergence, formation, implementation, coordination and balancing of economic interests. The relationship between economic interests and needs of both the enterprise and the State, which can be ensured through the instruments of the State regulation, is provided. It is substantiated that the current trends in ensuring the innovative development of Ukraine’s industry and machine-building (as its main component) are due both to the nationwide vector of economic development, as well as to the specifics, resource potential, needs of the region and the degree of its involvement in innovative processes in accordance with world-wide trends. The main directions of economic development of enterprises and formation of their economic interests through the State regulation are outlined. Taking into account all directions of economic development during the transformation and neo-industrialization periods, and further on the economic interests of both the State and enterprises, it is advisable to consider stimulants and destimulators of the State regulation of operation and development of machine-building enterprises in the following directions: tax regulation, monetary regulation, budget regulation, investment regulation, social regulation, innovation-technological regulation, security regulation.

Article is written in Ukrainan


Shumska H. М., Melnyk V. I.
Defining the Directions of Development of the National Economy in the Context of Reforms on the Basis of Ensuring Effective Public Administration in Ukraine (p. 102 - 107)

The article is aimed at substantiating the major directions of development of the national economy in the context of reforms on the basis of ensuring effective public administration in Ukraine, which will allow achieving high social development in the country. The article explains the importance of increasing the effectiveness of innovation activities in government bodies to ensure the efficiency of the public administration and administration system in Ukraine in the context of reforms. The connection between the process of achieving the development of the national economy and the process of ensuring effective innovative activities by the authorities based on the implementation of effective public administration and management is established. The main obstacles to conduct an effective innovation policy in the country are defined. A further development of an integrated approach to ensuring effective innovation activities in the authorities is specified, which, unlike the existing approach, focuses on improving the regulatory, institutional, personnel, motivational, scientific-methodological, information-communication and financial provision for innovative activities in the authorities. The use of the proposed approach to ensuring effective innovation activities in the authorities will allow achieving sustainable development of the national economy in the country. The directions of development of the national economy of the country are proposed, which are based on ensuring effective public management of innovative activities of authorities in Ukraine in the context of reforms: implementation of innovative personnel policy that will allow to form the necessary professional competencies in officials and reduce resistance to innovations on the basis of accelerating their readiness for these innovations; use of modern information-communication technologies to increase the level of professional mobility of officials during innovation activities; introduction of managerial innovations by the authorities to increase the capacity of communities and reduce the deficit of local budgets; activation of project activities on the part of the authorities; strengthening institutional provision for innovation activities in government bodies to increase the efficiency of the process of coordination and support of this activity, thus creating a favorable innovation environment in the country.

Article is written in Ukrainan


BUSINESS INFORM №10-2021

Mulska O. P.
Monitoring the Migration Mobility – Information and Analytical Provision of the Empiricism of Impact on Human Potential (p. 38 - 43)

The information and analytical provision of migration mobility empiricism in Ukraine, the effectiveness of the implementation of the State policy of managing migration processes is not formed to the full extent, and the existing one is of poor quality; in addition, there is no methodological algorithm for the implementation of migration monitoring. The elimination of this shortcoming requires the development of a new model for monitoring migration mobility, which should be based on a three-level accounting of migration processes (national, regional and local), taking into account the peculiarities of the course of migration processes and the structural characteristics of both external and internal migration. The article is aimed at improvnig the system of monitoring migration mobility in the projection of socio-economic development of the State in order to build an information and analytical base of the empiricism of influence on human potential. The article proposes a model of systematic monitoring of migration mobility, its information-analytical and institutional-organizational provision is substantiated. Monitoring of migration mobility on the basis of a systematic approach allows to: implement three-level accounting of emigration, immigration flows, processes of acquisition and termination of citizenship, money transfers of migrants; cluster the country’s territories according to the criteria of differentiated socio-economic development and financial imbalances; guarantee flexible control of structural changes in migration processes based on the construction of migration profile and determination of the potential of territories. The implementation of monitoring of migration mobility will allow to simulate the intensity of external migration, taking into account changes in the level of socio-economic development, to determine the effectiveness of the implementation of the current policy of managing migration processes on the part of the State.

Article is written in Ukrainan


Lysyuk V. S.
Interdisciplinary Approach: The Essence and Role in the Context of Modernization of the System of Public Economic Management (p. 44 - 49)

Management of the national economy is based on the use of the appropriate to historical context approach: procedural, system, situational, synergistic, interdisciplinary, or network one. The article substantiates the need and disclosure of the essence of the interdisciplinary approach to economic management research. Consideration of public management as a special field of knowledge objectively requires research of public management in the field of economics in connection with other sciences. Economic management has direct «intersection zones» with macroeconomic analysis, philosophy, sociology, political science, ecology and law. Only under the balanced influence of social, economic, political and legal spheres is formed a democratic system of development of the country and society. To ensure this direction of social relations movement, social actions of public management entities should be the result of close interaction of legally enshrined political and economic processes and meet the expectations of citizens. The interdisciplinary approach in public management research contributes to the transformation of the State administration system into modern models of public regulation of society, in particular a network model. The network approach develops tools for analyzing dynamics and changeability in the process of making and implementing the State level decisions, conceptualizes traditional organizational parameters in a new way: information, resources, knowledge, experience, values, etc. A striking example of the network approach is the introduction of various forms of public-private partnership, which becomes relevant in modern conditions and becomes an important direction for improving public management. In today’s environment, the interdisciplinary approach should be widely used in public management of the national economy, thus it needs further development and improvement in order to obtain an effective economic policy as result.

Article is written in Ukrainan


BUSINESS INFORM №11-2021

Sobkevych O. V.
The Priorities of Anti-Crisis Policy in the Real Sector to Strengthen the Economic Security of Ukraine (p. 67 - 71)

The article is aimed at studying tendencies in the real sector in Ukraine, identifying problems and risks affecting its functioning, and determining the priorities of the State policy in order to overcome the crisis in the real sector of the economy as the basis for its ability to dynamic, balanced development and strengthening the economic security of the country. It is determined that the potential of the real sector of the Ukrainian economy is used inefficiently. Systemic problems are manifested in a rapid decrease in the role of industry in providing economic growth, large-scale agrarization of the economy, combined with unbalanced exploitation of resource potential and non-inclusiveness of the agrarian sector; in the accumulation of development restrictions on the part of the transport industry. Anti-crisis policy in the real sector should be directed towards preventing and eliminating crises. The restoration of the real sector of the economy requires the development of industrial policy in the direction of creating the basis for structural modernization; correction of conditions for the development of the agrarian sector of Ukraine in order to fully realize its potential, combine increasing the production of competitive agricultural products and ensuring food security of the State along with the development of rural areas; development of the transport industry in order to achieve its ability to play an appropriate role in optimizing the flow of passengers and cargo. This together will increase the competitiveness of Ukrainian economy and strengthen the economic security.

Article is written in Ukrainan


Romanovska Y. A.
The Preconditions for the Development of an Integrated Approach to Assessing the Urban Socio-Economic Security (p. 72 - 84)

The assessment of the urban socio-economic security is one of the understudied issues of the economic safetyology, there isn’t a generally accepted assessment methodology, the approaches to evaluation, upon which the quality of assessments largely depends, have not been definitively evolved. The premise of the carried out research is the findings of analysis of existing approaches to evaluating objects in the economic safetyology, which has been done to identify the validity of these approaches or their elements as to urban socio-economic security assessment. Modeling has been widespread in assessing the economic or socio-economic security of objects in the economic safetyology. But the main problem in such modeling is the locality of models, their partial nature, the inability to become a general model, to be appropriate under any market conditions and for any time for the objects corresponding to at least one level (macro-, meso-, micro-levels). In assessing the economic or socio-economic security of objects in the economic safetyology, approaches to assessing socio-economic security often interact, are used jointly, intersect, which makes it difficult to choose a particular approach for assessment. The results of the analysis of approaches to assessing economic or socio-economic security of the objects of the economic safetyology provide the basis for particular conclusions and generalizations as well as defining the prerequisites for developing a comprehensive approach to assessing the socio-economic security of urban areas. This approach should be formed by borrowing certain elements from the approaches analyzed: conceptions of structural functionalism of T. Parsons; the constructs, through which the content of the category of «urban socio-economic security» is disclosed; cross-factor analysis and technology of building economic barometers.

Article is written in Ukrainan


Bedrinets M. D., Ugriumova K. O.
The Achievements of the Decentralization Reform and its Budget Efficiency on the Example of the Pavlivska AH, Volyn Region (p. 84 - 89)

The article discusses the topical issue of the present day: decentralization and its budget efficiency (on the example of the Pavlivska amalgamated hromada in the Volyn region). A significant feature of decentralization today is voluntary association with other territories in order to improve living conditions and development of the area. Decentralization facilitates the improvement of investment climate, forms an efficient environment for attracting investments and financing the activities of Ukrainian regions. That is why decentralization allows amalgamated hromadas to reveal their internal potentials. The result of local self-government depends on the appropriate use of financial resources, independent resolution of regional issues. The publication uses indicators of budget self-sufficiency, budget effectiveness, budget transparency to analyze the budget efficiency of the territorial community, based on an assessment of the level of implementation of the distribution and redistribution of the local budget of the amalgamated hromada. Budget self-sufficiency demonstrates how the territorial community can develop itself, budget effectiveness is responsible for the expenditure part and the result of these costs, and budget transparency — for insightfulness and openness of information for citizens. The introduction of decentralization aims to improve the system of management of territorial communities and the system of administrative and territorial structure of the country, with the improvement of the state of residence and development of citizens regardless of their place of residence. With the help of decentralization, the investment climate of the country is improving and an efficient environment is being formed to attract foreign and domestic investors. Financing of territories allows opening up new opportunities for the evolvement of amalgamated hromadas.

Article is written in Ukrainan


BUSINESS INFORM №1-2022

Stativka N. V., Velychko K. Y., Tymohova H. B.
Specificity of the Influence of Financial Literacy on Consumer Sovereignty in the Context of Digitalization (p. 89 - 95)

The article emphasizes the importance of forming a culture of financial literacy of the population as a necessary condition for creating a secure financial environment in the context of digitalization. The influence of banking technologies and digitalization on consumer behavior is analyzed and it is noted that consumer ignorance and insufficient digital literacy (low awareness of modern banking services in the market, mechanisms for purchasing goods and services through online platforms) limit consumer sovereignty. The experience of using various payment instruments in the national national market is considered. It is proved that a significant increase in non-cash payments stimulates the emergence of new banking services, which include junior bank cards as an effective financial product that solves the issue of security of money transfers and control over the status of the account (on the part of parents or guardians). On the basis of the expert method, the features of the use of junior cards and the level of financial literacy of consumers of this banking product are researched. It is emphasized that today the definition of priority directions, instruments and appropriate information support for the practical implementation of measures to improve financial literacy will provide an opportunity to increase the level of economic security of the State and strengthen the financial sovereignty of citizens. According to the results of the research, recommendations on the effectiveness of educational programs for the formation of financial literacy as a necessary competence in the context of digitalization and financial awareness as an important component of the formation of financial sovereignty of the consumer are suggested.

Article is written in English


Blahun I. S., Romaniuk M. D., Suduk N. V., Mendela Y. M.
Ensuring Sustainable Development of Ukraine and Countries of the World on the Basis of Adjustment of the Linear Economy Models (p. 95 - 101)

Recently, the thesis that the use of methods and models of a linear economy can lead to negative social and environmental consequences of turbulent economic development, which will be difficult to correct, has become relevant. The thesis on the need for development without violating the ability to meet the needs of future generations is becoming more and more insistent. The object of the research is the process of ensuring the sustainable development of the country’s economy by adjusting linear models of economic processes. The most problematic is the transition from linear programming of economic processes to development without violating the ability to meet the needs of future generations. The proposed methods include the positive influence of more developed countries on the economy, efficiency, ecology and social problems in less developed countries. This approach allows to form proposals for the future prospects of business functioning. It is advisable to name the management of economic entities in the direction of sustainable development, in the model approach it should be a model of sustainable entrepreneurship. Its main goal should be to improve the quality of life. The model is a reflection of the continuous process of balancing the economic, social and environmental goals of economic entities, which provides for a flexible change in the distribution of resources as the environment changes. In addition, there is a stimulating impact on the environment and an increase in the chances in the market. The model of sustainable development at both micro and macro levels is the use of a circular economy built upon the causal aspect of innovation in the process of forming a model for its development. The proposal as to the model approach of sustainable entrepreneurship regarding the management of entrepreneurial activity in general and any enterprise in particular in the direction of sustainable development belongs to the future perspective of business functioning. Its main goal is to improve the quality of life. The model approach consists in the continuous process of balancing economic, social and environmental goals at enterprises, which involves a flexible change in the allocation of resources as the environment changes. In addition, there is a stimulating impact on the environment of entrepreneurial activity (of a company) in order to increase the chances in the market.

Article is written in Ukrainan


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